ELEM PSYC ; Module 2 Exam Study Guide
ELEM PSYC ; Module 2 Exam Study Guide PSYC 1101
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alex Clark on Friday February 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Welsh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Elem Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Exam 2 Ch 6, 7, 8 Study Guide 1. In classical conditioning, the period of time at the beginning when the subject connects a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus will begin to elicit the conditioned response a. associative learning b. acquisition c. habituation d. latent learning 2. The stimulus that elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus: a. Conditioned stimulus . unconditioned stimulus c. neutral stimulus 3. a type of learning where a subject connects certain events that occur together in the environment a. latent learning . associative learning . observational learning 4. a subject’s behavior is rewarded after a set amount of time a. ﬁxed ratio reinforcement schedule b. ﬁxed interval reinforcement schedule c. spontaneous reinforcement d. variable ratio reinforcement schedule Short answer: 5. The difference between classical and operant conditioning is that (think: timing of stimulus): 6. What is latent learning? Give an example of it. 7. What is a reﬂex? Give an example of one 8. A parent wants a child to say the word “please.” The child ﬁrst says “pee,” and the parent rewards him. Next time, the child says “plea,” and the parent again rewards him. Next time, the child goes back to saying “pee,” so the parent no longer rewards that behavior. Next time, the child ﬁnally says “please,” so the parent rewards the child. This parent put the child through the process of _________. 9. Student A sees Student B get extra credit on a project for complimenting the professor’s new watch. On the next project, Student A complimented the professor’s new necklace because Student A had experienced ____________. professor’s new watch. On the next project, Student A complimented the professor’s new necklace because Student A had experienced ____________. 10. Kids love ice cream. Ice cream makes them happy. When the ice cream truck enters the neighborhood playing music, the kids get very excited and run to get ice cream. What are the unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response? 11. If someone tells me they are a lawyer, I immediately begin to think about all of their personality traits I automatically assume they have. What have I experienced? 12. An algorithm is likely to help ﬁnd the solution to a problem, though its main fault is that: 13. I ﬁgured out that I can use a hair pin to break into my house lock when I forgot my keys. I have high _______ intelligence and I overcame a type of mental set called ______________. 14. I am a very smart person. I am good with numbers, words, music, bodily movement, understanding emotions, understanding peoples’motivations, and how objects are spaced out in the world. I also really enjoy nature. While I am decent at all of the foresaid subjects, I am ESPECIALLY talented with numbers and words. According to Howard Garner, I follow the ________________ Theory. 15. If there is just one last fact that you can’t seem to remember for an exam, you should study that fact right before the exam so that the information will be store in my ___________________. 16. Remembering how to tie your shoes is a _________ memory. 17. The __________ part of the brain enables the transferring of learning to long-term memory, regulating emotions, and storage of information. 1. B 2. A 3. B 4. B 5.Classical conditioning is when the stimulus occurs before the behavior and then gets paired or associated with the behavior. 6.Latent learning is when someone learns something but may not realized that they’ve learned it until the information can come in handy. EXP: You ride in the car with your parents home from school every day until you can drive, and even though you never tried to learn the directions from school to home, you have latently learned how to get home by the time that you can drive yourself home from school. 7.A reﬂex is an unlearned response to a stimulus – ﬂinching when someone swings their arms at your face. 8.Shaping 9.Vicarious reinforcement 10.Unconditioned stimulus: ice cream ; unconditioned response: getting happy ; conditioned stimulus: truck’s music ; conditioned response: getting excited 11.Role schema 12.It’s likely to take a lot longer time because it takes the means of solving the problem step by step. 13.Creative ; functional ﬁxedness problem step by step. 13.Creative ; functional ﬁxedness 14.Multiple Intelligence 15.Short-term memory 16.Procedural 17.Amygdala
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