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General Music History Study Guide for Exam 2

by: Nicole Rossi

General Music History Study Guide for Exam 2

Marketplace > Rowan University > Music > > General Music History Study Guide for Exam 2
Nicole Rossi
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Study guide for Exam 2
General Music History
Robert Weintraut
Study Guide
Music, General Music History
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicole Rossi on Friday February 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Rowan University taught by Robert Weintraut in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see General Music History in Music at Rowan University.


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Date Created: 02/19/16
Condensed Study Guide Exam 2: Baroque:  1600-1750 Johann Sebastian Bach:  1685-1750  master of tonal (major and minor) music  he is prolific, today we have more than 1100 works  boy soprano until 17 years old  good student, but not well educated  organologist G.F. Handel: (German)  1685-1759  well educated  moved to Hamburg and became a violinist for the opera house  in 1712 moved to London when his Opera becomes a big hit  begins writing Oratorios in English  fell during his performance at 74 and died. Florentine Camerata:  a group that sought to revive ancient Greek music and drama.  Vincenzo Galilei, Giulio Caccini.  1573-1587  made basso continuo(melody over baseline), figured bass: Musical Notation Early Opera:  Composed of: libretto- text of poetry(book), music, choreography (dance), theater, staging (sets)  New Harmonic Structure(major and minor) or functional harmony  Equal temperament: divides an octave into 12 equal pitches every key possible out of tune  “Daphne” by Jacob Peri and Giolo Caccini (1597)  “Euridice”- Peri, Cuccini (1600) (have info on it, first we have music for)  “L’orfeo”- Montiverdi (1607) (story of Orpheus, a Greek Story)  Montiverdi (1567-1643)- master of renaissance madrigal , master of opera Texture:  shifts from polyphony, to homophony (two or more parts move together in harmony, the relationship between them creating chords) Doctrine of Affection:  concept that the purpose of music is to arouse and sustain specific emotions called affections.  introduced by the Florentine Camerata; maintained throughout the entire work/movement. key/tempo meter, tone color were carefully selected. Henry Purcell: (English)  Dido and Aeneas: roman legend of Aeneas (war hero) specifically about him after the fall of Troy  Dido: Queen of Cartage who falls in love with Aeneas who then falls in love with her back  his quest: to find Rome, but doesn’t tell Dido, but then when she discovers he is gone, she kills himself Castrato:  one who was castrated , male soprano Oratorios and Cantatas:  oratorios: biblical story, not used for worship, secular, doesn’t include theater aspect  cantata: religious topic/story, used for worship, no staging, just being told, entirely sacred Instrument Growth:  Keyboards: harpsichord(main instrument), organ(finally plays different dynamics), clavichord  Strings: viols(primarily used until 1700), violins(louder, better tone color), lute(cumbersome, so falls out of fashion), guitar(Spain, Italy, England)  Wind: troverse flute, oboe, bassoon  Brass: trumpets, natural horns(only can play certain notes), trombones  Percussion: timpani Orchestra:  30-40 people; large instrumental ensemble with multiple players/part Instrumental Works:  Dance Suite: collection of stylized dance forms, usually around 4-6 dances  Concerto: setting of soloists against full orchestra, generally for larger ensemble introduces thematic material called ripeno, soloist or group of soloists-concertino, group of soloists called concerto grosso  Fugue: appears during 17th century, introduced as an Italian style, but advanced by the Germans, imitated polyphony, single theme that is developed, 3-4 voices Cadenza:  improvisatory/ virtuosic nature, largest is normally at the end of mvt. 1 movement 1: fast movement 2: slow movement 3: shorter, faster Classical: (1750-1820) Vienna: center of music now Dynamics:  terraced: soft to loud abruptly  gradual: soft to loud over time Alberti Bass:  taking chords and arpeggiating them. Orchestra:  30-60 people  around 25 strings  pairs of wind instruments  pair of timpani  harpsichord Forms Used:  Recitative: speech-like still but harmony is more involved(better reflects the mood)  Aria: simplier, tuneful melodies, melodic expression of mood  Chorus/Ensemble: stand alone  Vocal Polyphony: decreases in classical  Lied: tuneful, strophic(A,A,A,A) D.C al Fine: go back to beginning after complete Public Concert Halls (Salons): leads towards much stronger use of public performances Sonata Allegro Form:  organizes music through an initial statement, development of themes and a recapitulation of the original material.  used by Haydn, Mozart and then Beethoven Multimovement Works:  Sonata: 4 movement work: sonata allegro, slow lyrical dance, minuet and trio, faster movt.  Rondo: A B A C A D A C A back to A everytime  Theme and Variations: same music repeated over and over again  Minuet and Trio: 3 parts/sections (triple), A B A  overture: part of opera, own work (standalone) introductory  concerto: 1 soloist  chamber music  symphony: sonata for orchestra (4 movements) Absolute Music:  not specifically about anything Program Music:  is a type of art music that attempts to musically render an extra-musical narrative Chamber Music:  is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments. Composers:  Mozart: (1756-1791); by 6 composing; keyboard at 3; Leopold was his father; brought him on tours of Europe; moves to Vienna and gets married; ; by 18 wrote 100’s of compositions; died while completing Requiem Mass due to fever  Beethoven: (1770-1827)  Joseph Haydn: (1732-1809); most influential; began working in Vienna at 7 years old; at 17 voice changed; Eserhazy; meets Mozart and thinks he’s the greatest composer  CPE Bach: Bach’s son; most successful son; keyboard works; moves to Hamburg to replace George Phillip Telemann(godfather) until death; “The True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments Pieces Matched to their Composers:  Composer: Beethoven Name of Piece: Symphony I, Mvt. 1 Texture: polyphonic Time Period: Classical softer, church like, longer notes and chords  Composer: Beethoven Name of Piece: Symphony IX, Mvt. IV Texture: polyphonic Time Period: Classical a lot of instruments(trumpets), faster  Composer: Mozart Name of piece: piano concerto in g, k 453 Mvt. 1 Texture: polyphonic Time Period: Classical high notes, bounce around, gets faster and louder  Composer: J.S Bach Name of Piece: Contrapunctus I, A.O.F Texture: polyphonic Time Period: Baroque church like  Composer: Handel Name of Piece: Water Music suite in D alla hornpipe Texture: polyphonic or monophonic Time Period: Baroque  Composer: Purcell Name of Piece: Dido and Aeneas, Act III, Opening Lament Texture: polyphonic Time Period: Baroque


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