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Geography 110 Midterm 1 Study Guide

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by: Erin Butler-Córdova

Geography 110 Midterm 1 Study Guide GEOG 110

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee > Geography > GEOG 110 > Geography 110 Midterm 1 Study Guide
Erin Butler-Córdova

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Covers the similarities and differences between colonialism in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa and reviews material from worksheets and discussion.
The World: Peoples and Regions
Margaret Pettygrove
Study Guide
geography 110, uwm, wisconsin, milwaukee, peoples and regions, the world, Latin America, Africa, Study Guide, midterm
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Erin Butler-Córdova on Friday February 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 110 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Margaret Pettygrove in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see The World: Peoples and Regions in Geography at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.


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So much better than office hours. Needed something I could understand, and I got it. Will be turning back to StudySoup in the future

-Breanna Friesen


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Date Created: 02/19/16
Midterm Review: Review: Colonialism in Latin America and Africa:  Similar: o Colonial powers divided territory amongst themselves at a meeting o Colonial powers allotted land to European colonists o Colonial powers extracted raw materials: gold (both), silver (Latin America), copper (Africa)  Different: o Number of European colonial powers o Timing of seizure of territory o Slave trade (direction and effects) o Disease patterns o Timing of independence o Key transportation technologies o Land reform (methods and timing) Implications regarding globalization:  Processes of globalization are experienced unevenly  Benefits/negative consequences distributed unequally  Globalization is driven by multiple actors/interests  Some actors (e.g. flower companies) may have relatively more influence/power in determining the terms of particular global economic relationship.  Globalization is an uneven process that tends to produce different results in different places. In this case… o Rural workers in Cayambe, Ecuador produces commodities for consumption in other parts of the world. o Ecuadorian flower producers receive less than $1 for the same flower that a florist can sell for more than $5 in the US or Europe. o Transnational companies benefit. New global connections include:  Improved communication and transportation technologies  Global capital flows  Mobile labor force  Transnational companies  International certification agencies First, contemporary communication and transportation technologies ensure that a rose, for example, is cut and shipped at the latest possible moment. Global capital flows allow transnational corporations and flower exporters and importers to sell and purchase commodities on markets in foreign countries Finally, international certification organizations, like the FLP of Max Havelaar certifications, ensure that that certain environmental, labor, and social standards are met.  What type of economic activity would you classify the flower industry as? – Primary (horticultural production Tertiary- financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of organizations that manage money. Neoliberal policies:  Policies aimed at creating a “free market,” unconstrained by financial regulations.  Reduced government budget  Privatization (industries, utilities)  Export production  Minimal labor and environmental regulations (or lack of) Colonialism:  A political and economic system in which regions and societies are legally, economically, and politically dominated by an external or alien society.  Colonial settler state: o Although South Africa claimed to be an independent country, it was ruled by (descendants of) white settlers and most residents were not at all free, because they were black or ‘colored,’ according to ideas of race and racial law. Apartheid:  Introduced into law in 1948 o Preceded by various land acts, colonial land dispossession o Policy of racial separation in most areas of life o 13% of black land becomes ‘homelands,’ meant to eventually become separate states (intention was to make South Africa white-only) o Some of the land was able to be taken away if not properly ‘occupied’ or if there was political activity.  Obstacles to land reform: o Current land owners are unwilling to sell  Under willing seller, willing buyer program o High value land priced beyond means o most land reform beneficiaries, rarely on market o Many choose restitution in cash payments  Severity of poverty, unemployment o Lack of capital to sustain farms under new ownership o Lack of skills to run farms o Processing rural claims, disputes, documentation, unregistered land Practice questions:  Consider strategy: o What options can you reasonably eliminate? o What keywords are being referenced? Why are rates of HIV infection in Sub-Saharan Africa so high?  Because of a combination of poverty, low health-care budgets of gov’ts, lack of medical services  Because HIV originated in Africa  Because people refuse to take Western anti-retroviral drugs  Because of high infant mortality rate Which of these is NOT an example of a neoliberal policy? a. Privatization (of production, services) b. Export production c. High tariffs on imports (import substitution) d. Encouragement of foreign direct investment


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