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Psyc Exam 2 Review

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by: Lauren Fleming

Psyc Exam 2 Review Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor

Lauren Fleming
GPA 3.76

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About this Document

These notes are a review for Exam 2.
Intro to Psyc
Dr. Taylor
Study Guide
50 ?




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1 review
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"I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!"
Mossie Daniel

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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Fleming on Friday February 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor at Clemson University taught by Dr. Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 126 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psyc in Psychlogy at Clemson University.


Reviews for Psyc Exam 2 Review

Star Star Star Star Star

I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!

-Mossie Daniel


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Date Created: 02/19/16
Psyc Exam 2 Review    Ch 3  ● body rhythms  ● circadian rhythms  ○ entrainment  ○ endogeneous  ● sleep  ○ border between sleep and wakefulness has Alpha waves called the  hypnagogic state  ■ NREM 1­ sleep spindles  ■ NREM 2­ some deltas  ■ NREM 3­ mostly deltas  ○ dream in REM  ● Theories of Dreaming:  1. psychoanalytic  2. information processing  3. physiological function  4. neural activation  5. cognitive development  Ch 6  ● sensation vs. perception  ● absolute threshold & difference threshold ­ the more sensitive you are the  SMALLER/LOWER these are  ● vision: cornea, rods, cones, fovea, lens, iris, pupil  ● perceptual organization:  ○ Gestalt rules: proximity, closure, figure­ground  ● receptors for: hearing, touch, balance, otoliths, smell, taste, body parts in space  Ch 7  ● classical vs. operant conditioning  ● Major conditioning processes:  1. acquisition  2. extinction  3. spontaneous recovery  4. generalization  5. discrimination  ● operant conditioning  ○ Thorndike’s Law of Effect: a behavior followed by a reward is likely  to reoccur  ○ reinforcers:  ■ ALWAYS increase the frequency of the behavior  ■ pos­ increase behavior to attain reinforcer  ■ neg­ increase behavior to AVOID this reinforcer  ● punishment ­ ALWAYS decreases a target behavior  ● primary vs. secondary reinforcers  ○ primary: survival needs  ○ secondary: psychological needs  ● extinction burst  ● shaping in operant conditioning: rewarding approximations of the desired  behavior  ● Observational learning: learning by observing the consequences for  others’ behavior  Ch 8  ● Theories of memory:  1. information processing  a. encoding  b. storage  c. retrieval  2. stage or 3 box  a. sensory, short term, & long term  b. info passes through these successive filters  3. level of processing theory  a. shallow  b. intermediate  c. deep  d. maintenance rehearsal  e. elaborative rehearsal  ● parallel distributed processing model  ● theories of forgetting:  1. interference : proactive & retroactive  2. decay   3. reconstructive  ● short term vs. long term  ● hippocampus: new memories  ● symptoms of Alzheimer’s 


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