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CLEMSON / Psychology / PSYC 2010 / What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?

What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?

What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?

Description

School: Clemson University
Department: Psychology
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Edwin brainerd
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: PSYC
Cost: 50
Name: Psyc Exam 2 Review
Description: These notes are a review for Exam 2.
Uploaded: 02/19/2016
2 Pages 50 Views 4 Unlocks
Reviews

Mossie Daniel (Rating: )

I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!



Psyc Exam 2 Review 


What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?



Ch 3

● body rhythms

● circadian rhythms

○ entrainment

○ endogeneous

● sleep

○ border between sleep and wakefulness has Alpha waves called the hypnagogic state

■ NREM 1­ sleep spindles

■ NREM 2­ some deltas

■ NREM 3­ mostly deltas

○ dream in REM

● Theories of Dreaming:

1. psychoanalytic

2. information processing

3. physiological function

4. neural activation

5. cognitive development

Ch 6

● sensation vs. perception

● absolute threshold & difference threshold ­ the more sensitive you are the SMALLER/LOWER these are


What does thorndike's law of effect state?



● vision: cornea, rods, cones, fovea, lens, iris, pupil

● perceptual organization:

○ Gestalt rules: proximity, closure, figure­ground

● receptors for: hearing, touch, balance, otoliths, smell, taste, body parts in space Ch 7 We also discuss several other topics like What makes managerial accounting effective?

● classical vs. operant conditioning

● Major conditioning processes:

1. acquisition

2. extinction

3. spontaneous recovery

4. generalization

5. discrimination

● operant conditioning

○ Thorndike’s Law of Effect: a behavior followed by a reward is likely to reoccur

○ reinforcers: If you want to learn more check out What is the most common religion in japan?

■ ALWAYS increase the frequency of the behavior

■ pos­ increase behavior to attain reinforcer


What are the three theories of forgetting?



■ neg­ increase behavior to AVOID this reinforcer

● punishment ­ ALWAYS decreases a target behavior

● primary vs. secondary reinforcers

○ primary: survival needs

○ secondary: psychological needs

● extinction burst If you want to learn more check out How does “enzyme induction” differ from other mechanisms of enzyme regulation?
If you want to learn more check out What are upper real limits?

● shaping in operant conditioning: rewarding approximations of the desired behavior

● Observational learning: learning by observing the consequences for others’ behavior

Ch 8

● Theories of memory:

1. information processing

a. encoding

b. storage

c. retrieval

2. stage or 3 box

a. sensory, short term, & long term

b. info passes through these successive filters

3. level of processing theory

a. shallow

b. intermediate

c. deep

d. maintenance rehearsal Don't forget about the age old question of What makes a design "baroque"?
Don't forget about the age old question of How much calories can be found in lipids?

e. elaborative rehearsal

● parallel distributed processing model

● theories of forgetting:

1. interference : proactive & retroactive

2. decay

3. reconstructive

● short term vs. long term

● hippocampus: new memories

● symptoms of Alzheimer’s

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