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CLEMSON / Psychology / PSYC 2010 / What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?

What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?

What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?

Description

School: Clemson University
Department: Psychology
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Edwin brainerd
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: PSYC
Cost: 50
Name: Psyc Exam 2 Review
Description: These notes are a review for Exam 2.
Uploaded: 02/19/2016
2 Pages 211 Views 4 Unlocks
Reviews

Mossie Daniel (Rating: )

I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!



Psyc Exam 2 Review 


What is the difference between classic and operant conditioning?



Ch 3

● body rhythms

● circadian rhythms

○ entrainment

○ endogeneous

● sleep

○ border between sleep and wakefulness has Alpha waves called the hypnagogic state

■ NREM 1­ sleep spindles

■ NREM 2­ some deltas

■ NREM 3­ mostly deltas

○ dream in REM

● Theories of Dreaming:

1. psychoanalytic

2. information processing

3. physiological function

4. neural activation If you want to learn more check out What makes managerial accounting effective?

5. cognitive development

Ch 6

● sensation vs. perception

● absolute threshold & difference threshold ­ the more sensitive you are the SMALLER/LOWER these are


What does thorndike's law of effect state?



We also discuss several other topics like What caused the great flood?
We also discuss several other topics like How does “standard free energy” (δgo’) differ from δg?

● vision: cornea, rods, cones, fovea, lens, iris, pupil

● perceptual organization:

○ Gestalt rules: proximity, closure, figure­ground

● receptors for: hearing, touch, balance, otoliths, smell, taste, body parts in space Ch 7

● classical vs. operant conditioning

● Major conditioning processes:

1. acquisition

2. extinction

3. spontaneous recovery

4. generalization

5. discrimination

● operant conditioning

○ Thorndike’s Law of Effect: a behavior followed by a reward is likely to reoccur

○ reinforcers:

■ ALWAYS increase the frequency of the behavior

■ pos­ increase behavior to attain reinforcer


What are the three theories of forgetting?



■ neg­ increase behavior to AVOID this reinforcer

● punishment ­ ALWAYS decreases a target behavior

● primary vs. secondary reinforcers

○ primary: survival needs

○ secondary: psychological needs

● extinction burst

● shaping in operant conditioning: rewarding approximations of the desired behavior

● Observational learning: learning by observing the consequences for others’ behavior Don't forget about the age old question of What makes a design "baroque"?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are upper real limits?
If you want to learn more check out How much calories can be found in lipids?

Ch 8

● Theories of memory:

1. information processing

a. encoding

b. storage

c. retrieval

2. stage or 3 box

a. sensory, short term, & long term

b. info passes through these successive filters

3. level of processing theory

a. shallow

b. intermediate

c. deep

d. maintenance rehearsal

e. elaborative rehearsal

● parallel distributed processing model

● theories of forgetting:

1. interference : proactive & retroactive

2. decay

3. reconstructive

● short term vs. long term

● hippocampus: new memories

● symptoms of Alzheimer’s

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