public health study guide 1
public health study guide 1 Public health 2000
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Public health 2000
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by rh389814 on Friday February 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Public health 2000 at Ohio University taught by Heather Harmon in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 171 views. For similar materials see Intro to public health in Public Health at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
TEST 1 EXAM REVIEW Will cover chapters 16 in textbook Chapter 1: community health: yesterday, today, and tomorrow Four factors that affect health of a population or community: physical, social & cultural, community organization, & individual behaviors. Medicare vs Medicaid o Medicare: health insurance provided by the government specifically for those of old age or with specific disabilities o Medicaid: health insurance provided by the government for the poor; must make under a certain amount of money Healthy people 2020 o Health goals to be achieved by 2020, more info at www.healthypeople.gov Social vs Market Justice o Social justice: [example: doctors treating patients even when they cannot pay] o Market justice: [example: doctors refusing patients because they cannot pay] Roles of public health Government involved in public health Contagion movie o In class Chapter 2: organizations that help shape community health Examples of government health agencies [federal, state, local; funded by taxes] o International WHO (world health organization) o National HHS (health and human services); oversees most other national agencies QuasiGovernmental health organizations o Operate like volunteer agencies but they are assigned tasks and responsibilities by the government American Red Cross National Science Foundation Nongovernmental health agencies o Funded by membership fees at times, but more commonly by donations. o Operate free of government interference for most part Voluntary Health Agencies o Nonprofit organizations made to resolve health problems not resolved by the government Professional Health Organizations o Improving health of a community by improving the health professionals there Philanthropic Foundations o Fund research and other programs to promote health to prevent disease. (cancer research) Service, social, and religious organizations o health is not typically main focus, but some donate money for health promotion Ch. 3: Epidemiology: the study of disease, injury, and death in the community AND Ch. 4: Epidemiology: prevention and control of diseases and health conditions John Snow o Father of epidemiology o Fixed water problem Communicable vs Noncommunicable disease o Communicable: infectious disease, easy to spread among others o Noncommunicable: unable to be spread, not contagious Acute vs. chronice o Acute: disease & symptoms last 3 months or less o Chronic: disease & symptoms last 3 months or longer, may never be cured Endemic, epidemic, pandemic o Endemic: illness occurs at an expected rate o Epidemic: illness occurs at a rate above expected o Pandemic: illness is traveling between borders Morbidity & mortality rates o Infant mortality Transmission: o Direct: direct contact between someone/thing infected to another someone/thing o Indirect: disease spread through a middle step Prevention levels o Primary: trying to put off developing a disease in a period of time o Secondary: early measures taken to quickly find and treat a disease o Tertiary: rehabilitating the infected/injured LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN U.S. o Heart disease Ch. 5: Community organizing/building and health promotion programming Gatekeeper o “Those who control, both formally and informally, the political climate of the community.” (p.126) Set and achieve goals Program planning (general idea) Evaluate results Ch. 6: the school health program: a component of community health Roles in School health o School nurse o Teachers o Health council Healthy food options in schools School services o Councseling/psychological services o P.E. o Nutrition o Health promotion on Staff Extra resources available outside of the textbook in the class folder! Goodluck everyone
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