New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

HY104 Exam 1 Study guide with essay outlines

by: Jess Snider

HY104 Exam 1 Study guide with essay outlines Hy 104

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Art > Hy 104 > HY104 Exam 1 Study guide with essay outlines
Jess Snider

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Study guide for exam one along with an outline for each exam essay question
American history after 1865
Kari frederickson
Study Guide
HY104, history, civil war, 1865
50 ?




Popular in American history after 1865

Popular in Art

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jess Snider on Friday February 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hy 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 611 views. For similar materials see American history after 1865 in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for HY104 Exam 1 Study guide with essay outlines


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/19/16
HY 104  Midterm Exam I Study Guide Part I: Identification 10 Identification Questions  Proclamation of Amnesty and Pardon ­ 1865, Andrew Johnson’s reconstruction plan; pardon to any southerner who would swear allegiance to  the union and the constitution, ex­confederate leaders should not be eligible for amnesty  Haymarket Riot ­ May of 1886, a response to the death of four strikers killed by police in Chicago. Demonstrated the  growing rift between labor and business interest  Black Codes ­ Were the laws passed by Southern states after the Civil War; had the intent and effect of restricting  African Americans’ freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or  deth  15  Amendment       ­prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on  that citizen’s race, color, or previous condition of servitude th  14  Amendment ­ granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, which included      slaves  William Jennings Bryan ­ Nebraska congressman; Cross of Gold speech favoring free silver; Wilson’s secretary of  state until 1914; dominant force of populist force—party’s candidate for president   Paternalism    ­policy or practice on the part of people in positions of authority of restricting the freedom and  responsibilities of those subordinate to them in the subordinates’ supposed best interest  Thaddeus Stephens     ­Republican leaded and one of the most powerful members of the United States House of  Representatives’ chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee; wrote most of the financial legislation that paid for the American Civil War  Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire ­NYC, March 25, 1911; industrial disaster, caused 146 deaths of garment workers; led to  legislation requiring improved factory safety standards and helped spur the growth of the  international Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union, which fought for safer and better working  conditions  Civil Rights Act of 1875 ­prohibited discrimination against blacks in public place, such as inns, amusement parks, and  on public transportation; declared unconstitutional by the supreme court  Southern Farmers’ Alliance       ­organization that rallied behind political reforms to solve the farmers’ economic problems  Knights of Labor       ­1880s organization at the center of the burgeoning labor movement because it included  skilled and unskilled, male and female, and black and white workers.  Protective Tariffs ­ Duty imposed on imports to raise their price, making them less attractive to consumers and thus  protecting domestic industries from foreign competition Essay Question 1  Thesis: In the late nineteenth century, America was launched into a massive economic and social  upheaval caused by industrialization, urbanization, and immigration. A main component of this new phase of America was the industrial worker, who was facing their own problems. Industrialization workers had to  deal with unbearable conditions all while trying to come to grips with this new world happening around  them.   What it’s like to be an industrial worker ­ Unsafe work conditions (triangle fire example) ­ Low wages ­ Long hours  Alleviating Problems ­ Strikes  ­ Gaining public attention over the horrible conditions  ­ Forming Unions ­ Fighting for reforms  Safety, wages, and hours  Achieving Goal ­ Unions formed to protect the workers ­ Safety laws passed ­ Child labor laws ­ Wages increased  Conclusion: Industrial workers made up a large portion of Americans during the 19  century and they  were at the center of the economic and social upheaval. Industrial workers had a hard life with nearly  unbearable working conditions. Many workers began to work for better conditions with better pay, and  many achieved this goal. Unions were formed, laws were passed, and wages were increased. Industrial  workers achieved all their goals by the end o the 19  century through public outreach and hard work. Essay Question 2 ­Thesis: “From the perspective of black southerners, it appeared that the North won the Civil War  and lost the peace, for despite temporary gains, they secured no permanent political, legal, or  economic rights in the postwar period” is an invalid way to describe the North post­civil war. In 1865  the North was a prosperous region, filled with a new booming economy. The North managed to fare  well after the war, though the post­war era seemed bleak to newly freed slaves. The Civil War  actually helped the North more than it hurt it.  North Legal Rights Postwar ­ Civil Rights Act ­ Ending Jim Crow Laws ­ Freed Blacks ­ Voting Rights  North Political Rights Postwar ­ Presidential Reconstruction: outrage over black codes led to this  Triumph of the radical wing of the Republican party ­ Northern congressmen refused to seat congressmen and senators elected from the South ­ After the rejection of Johnson’s policies in 1866, Republicans in Congress took firm control of  Reconstruction in the South ­ Blacks holding political office  North Economic Rights Postwar  Industrialization: North did nearly all manufacturing  Increased number of immigrants and jobs in the cities  Increase in large cities and factories  Transportation: railroads  Conclusion: To the newly freed slaves, the North seemed like it had lost due to the fact that the blacks  themselves were facing bleak results during Reconstruction. The North was prospering in almost all  aspects, but they weren’t able to immediately help free slaves causing the ex­slaves to view the post­war  era as an era worse than the era before the Civil­War. Contrary to how African Americans saw the North,  things were booming in the North. With a new economy that was moving along, new forms of  transportation, and political gains for the Republicans, the North was looking like it was doing better than  ever. Essay Question 3 th  Thesis: During the late 19  century, many groups emerged to fight for various rights and protection but  were met with straggly. Women’s Suffrage had begun in the 1800s but lost steam when the Civil War  th begin but once that ended it began to gain power again. Another group fighting in the late 19  century  was the African American Civil Rights movement. The African American Civil Rights stemmed from freed  slaves still fighting for rights and they faced many hurdles that they needed to overcome. The final group  that faced many struggles were labor unions. Labor workers were a large portion of the country but they  had little protection. Labor unions faced a large opposing force of Corporations. These groups faced  many struggles but they fought through to succeed in what they believed in.  Women’s Rights ­ Lost momentum because of the Civil War begin to regroup afterwards ­ Government wasn’t supporting ­ Had to fight along with Civil Rights for African Americans overshadowed  African American Civil Rights ­ Segregation favored by many ­ Equal rights opposed ­ Government gave no support ­ White supremacist groups formed against ­ Brown v. Board of Education  Major step but opposed by many  Labor Union ­ Goal was to protect the common interest of workers ­ Knights of Labor  Wanted to address key issues  Beaten by Gould (southwestern railroad system)  Suffered a setback after Haymarket Square incident ­ Demised afterwards ­ American Federation of Labor  Opposed by companies  Bosses had upper hand with the government  Demands were either partially met or not met at all  Struggled until after great depressionunskilled workers came together ­ Conclusion: The 19  century saw many reforms and groups trying to create reforms. Many groups were  formed and faced struggles and puttered out while some stayed strong and still exist. Having enough  people to back your group and not giving up led to many successful groups. Essay Question 4  Reconstruction is often viewed as a twelve year experiment, with many people attempting to shape the  South. The only issue with this experiment was that every group had a different idea of what they wanted  the South become. The newly free slaves wanted to own land, find family, and live the life that they had  been dreaming of while white Southerners wanted to basically wanted things to go back to the way they  were before the war. Then you had Andrew Johnson who got to attempt to make his vision of post­war  South come true. Overall none of the groups’ whole vision came true, only bits and pieces being applied  to the new South.  Andrew Johnson ­ Shift political control in the south from old planter aristocracy to small farmers and artisans ­ Abolishment of slavery and loyalty oath ­ Former slaves not allowed in government  ­ Allowed black codes to be administered ­ Relaxed enforcement on the South  Freedman ­ Own land ­ Same rights as whites ­ Vote/political freedom ­ Education ­ Family  White Southerners ­ Wanted to take rights away from African Americans ­ Wanted government positions back ­ Wanted land back  Conclusion: Many groups had a vision of what the new South should look like during reconstruction, but  none of them got the vision they wanted. Johnson wanted to change the political system in the South and  abolish slavery, which both occurred, but he also didn’t want to really punish the South and he was also  okay with the way the freeman were being treated. Freedman wanted to get the land they were once  promised, get an education, and overall have the same rights as whites. The freedmen eventually got all  the things that were in their vision but it took time and was not achieved during reconstruction. White  Southerners wanted things to go back to the way they were before the Civil War. Reconstruction  accomplished many things but it could not satisfy every individual’s vision for the South. Essay Question 5  Thesis: The post­Civil War era was coined the Gilded Age by author Mark Twain due to the fact that he  believed that the period was glittering on the surface but underneath it was corrupt. The Gilded Age was a period in history with wealth and a booming economy, but underneath many were suffering. The captains  of industry were living a good life, like they were on top of the world while Native Americans were having  their land taken away and industrial workers were barely getting by from day to day. Gilded Age was a  very fitting term for all that was happening during this era for most Americans.  Gilded Age ­ Culture of newly rich, lacking tradition people  Wealthy becoming showing like upper­class in Europe ­ Wealthy living extravagantly while the poor suffered immensely  Wealthy business owners acted corruptly  ­ Detail  Captains of Industry ­ Rockefeller (Standard Oil), Carnegie (Steel), and Morgan (banker) ­ Also known by some as Robber Barons  Eliminated completion through predatory pricing and overcharging ­ Amassed a personal fortune contributes positively to the country  Through increased productivity, expansion of market, providing more jobs  Native Americans ­ Land being taken from them  Relocated by whites ­ Saw brutal and forceful incorporation  Were seen as a problem for agents of incorporation ­ Were seen as problems standing in the way of industrialization ­ Whites tried to conform them into “Americans”  Industrial Workers ­ Worked long, grueling hours ­ Violence within the workplace ­ Dangerous work environment  Many injuries in factories  No safety rules to follow  Daily fatalities due to poor conditions ­ Low wagesnot enough to live on ­ Example: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire incident  Killed around 146 women due to unsafe conditions ­ Locked doors  Conclusion: The Gilded Age from the outside perspective seemed like an era of perfection, but in reality  there were many underlying problems. There was a large amount of corrupt actions occurring and a good  amount of suffering by those that weren’t considered lucky enough to be in the wealthy class. Individuals  like Captains of Industry had the perfect life, with not a care, while Native Americans and Industrial  workers were experiencing great hardships. Describing this era as the Gilded Age is the best way to  describe the era because it did in fact glitter on the surface but underneath it was a corrupt mess.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.