History 150 Exam 2 Study Guide
History 150 Exam 2 Study Guide 150
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/20/16
EXAM DATE: MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 2016. The Columbian Exchange. Heaven for oneself or one’s loves Diseases exchanged between Europe ones in Purgatory. The development of printing. and the Americas and the implications of this exchange. o New technologies in o Germs were more deadly than communication. weapons from Europe. o Crucial in spreading religious thinking and Luther’s words. Measles. Typhoid. Lucas Cranach. Smallpox. o Woodcuts. o Introduction of diseases were the Used as a medium for most important factor in the those people who could not read during this time drastic decline in indigenous period. populations. Important plants and animals Lutheranism. exchanged between Europe and the o Final authority by religious matters. Americas. o No biblical implication in o From the New World: Corn. indulgences. Sugarcane. o Salvation achieved through faith Chocolate and Vanilla. alone. o Everyone should read the Bible. Tobacco. o Beliefs and practices that had no Quinine. basis in the Bible were o Brought from Europe. Horses, Cattle, Pig, eliminated. Sheep, Chicken, Implications of the Reformation. o Establishment of other protestant Honeybee. groups. Wheats, Oats and Soy. o End of religious unity and papal The Protestant Reformation. supremacy. o Religious warfare. Martin Luther’s NinetyFive Theses. o Stimulated a debate within the The Enlightenment. University. o Greed and avarice can increase. Immanuel Kant. o Enlightenment is man’s leaving o Redeem respect for the Pope. his selfcaused immaturity. o False assurance of peace. o Have the courage to use your Indulgences. o A piece of paper that granted own intelligence. remission of part or all of the Objectives of the movement. o Critically evaluate social time an individual might have to institutions, ideas and practices. spend in purgatory due to sin. o Uncover the natural laws Johann Tetzel. o Deliberately giving people the operating in society. impression that an indulgence Cesare Beccaria. o Argued all people should be was an automatic ticket to treated equally before the law. o Argued the penal system should o Eighteenthcentury social be reformed so that the changes widened the circles of punishment fits the crime. reading and discussion. o Opposed the use of torture as The expanding means of obtaining evidence in networks of sociability. a criminal case. The flourishing of book o Objected the death penalty. trade. Adam Smith. The new genres of o The economy is governed by the literature and the natural laws of supply and circulation of demand. Enlightenment ideas. o Laws should be allowed to o Began to change politics. operate without government interference. The French Revolution. o “Lassesfaire.” o Individuals should be free to Estates General (What prompted Louis XVI to convene this body?). pursue their own economic self o Tax reform. interest. National Assembly. John Locke. o All men are born free and equal. o Third Estates declared themselves. o All men are born with natural Tennis Court Oath. rights. o Men formed government to o Members of the National protect those right. Assembly swore an oath to stay o People have the right to together until France had a constitution. overthrow tyrannical The Storming of the Bastille. government and forma new one. Voltaire. o Crowd of Parisians attacked the o Appalled by religious antiquated and nearly empty royal prison. persecution that was going on in o Popular expression of support France. for the newly created National o Plea for religious toleration. o Individuals should have the Assembly. freedom to practice their Declaration of the Rights of Man and religion without interference of of the Citizen. o It declared rights to property, others. The Encyclopedia. liberty, security and “resistance o Monumental work of the to oppression”, as well as Enlightenment period. freedom of speech, religious toleration, and liberty of the o Flourished book print. press. High Culture, New Elites, and the Public. o All (male) citizens were to be st treated equally before the law. o The 1 ndstate Clergy. o No one was to be imprisoned or o The 2 estate Nobility. punished without due process of o The 3 estate Commoners and law. peasants. Public Sphere. New penal code. o Any person convicted of a crime Mule spinning machine. punishable by death would be o Edmund Cartwright. decapitated. Power loom for o Abolished the use of torture as a weaving. means to obtain evidence. Steam engine. Dr. Joseph Guillotin. o Engine that could turn a shaft o Named from the guillotine. and power the new cotton textile National Convention. machines. o Abolished the monarchy and The Rocket. declare France a republic. o Selected to be the first to run the Developments that reflect the whole 32 miles of the railroad. emergence of nationalism in France. The development of the railroad. o Ordinary people entered the o Its social and cultural impact political scene and influences factories. the course of events. Reshaped the o Reforms based on environment. Enlightenment ideology. People felt a sense of o Emergence of nationalism. power over nature that Marianne. had not been o Symbol of the French republic. experienced before. Reign of Terror. Preindustrial work patterns. o To seize control of the o Represented a major change in revolution and to prosecute all how Americans work. the revolution’s enemies. Saint Monday. The guillotine. o Preindustrial customs. o Executed 40,000 people. o Instead of going to work, they o Purge of internal enemies. continued to go to the taverns. o Used in April 1792 1981. Factory rules. o Show up on time. The First Industrial Revolution o Don’t drink. Why did it start in Britain? o Don’t smoke. o Don’t talk to any other workers o Secure island nation with a while on the clock. robust empire, profitable overseas trade networks, and Will be fined of the established credit institutions. rules are not followed. Cotton textile production in 1760. The cotton textile trade in 1850. o Britain was the world’s leading o Britain imported 2.5 million pounds of raw cotton. producer of cotton cloth. o Richard Arkwright. The Great Exhibition of 1851. Water frame for o Event sponsored by Britain. spinning machine. o 32 countries from around the world were invited. New cotton textile machines. o Richard Arkwright. o World’s first industrial fair. Water frame for Luddites. spinning machine. o Handloom weavers who lost o Samuel Cromptons. their jobs to machines.
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