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History 150 Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Rachel Rusnak

History 150 Exam 2 Study Guide 150

Marketplace > Ball State University > History > 150 > History 150 Exam 2 Study Guide
Rachel Rusnak
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Topics covered over exam 2: The Colombian Exchange. The Reformation. The Enlightenment. The French Revolution. The First Industrial Revolution.
The West in the World
Dr. Malone
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 02/20/16
EXAM DATE:  MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 2016. The Columbian Exchange. Heaven for oneself or one’s loves  Diseases exchanged between Europe ones in Purgatory.  The development of printing. and   the   Americas   and   the implications of this exchange. o New   technologies   in o Germs were more deadly than communication. weapons from Europe. o Crucial   in   spreading   religious thinking and Luther’s words.  Measles.  Typhoid.  Lucas Cranach.  Smallpox. o Woodcuts. o Introduction of diseases were the  Used as a medium for most   important   factor   in   the those people who could not read during this time drastic   decline   in   indigenous period. populations.  Important   plants   and   animals  Lutheranism. exchanged between Europe and the o Final   authority   by   religious matters. Americas. o No   biblical   implication   in o From the New World:  Corn. indulgences.  Sugarcane. o Salvation achieved through faith  Chocolate and Vanilla. alone. o Everyone should read the Bible.  Tobacco. o Beliefs and practices that had no  Quinine. basis   in   the   Bible   were o Brought from Europe.  Horses,   Cattle,   Pig, eliminated. Sheep,   Chicken,  Implications of the Reformation. o Establishment of other protestant Honeybee. groups.  Wheats, Oats and Soy. o End of religious unity and papal The Protestant Reformation. supremacy. o Religious warfare.  Martin Luther’s Ninety­Five Theses. o Stimulated a debate within the The Enlightenment. University. o Greed and avarice can increase.  Immanuel Kant. o Enlightenment is man’s leaving o Redeem respect for the Pope. his self­caused immaturity. o False assurance of peace. o Have the courage to use your  Indulgences. o A piece of paper that granted own intelligence. remission of part or all of the  Objectives of the movement. o Critically   evaluate   social time an individual might have to institutions, ideas and practices. spend in purgatory due to sin. o Uncover   the   natural   laws  Johann Tetzel. o Deliberately   giving   people   the operating in society. impression   that   an   indulgence  Cesare Beccaria. o Argued   all   people   should   be was   an   automatic   ticket   to treated equally before the law. o Argued the penal system should o Eighteenth­century   social be   reformed   so   that   the changes widened the circles of punishment fits the crime. reading and discussion. o Opposed the use of torture as  The   expanding means of obtaining evidence in networks of sociability. a criminal case.  The flourishing of book o Objected the death penalty. trade.  Adam Smith.  The   new   genres   of o The economy is governed by the literature   and   the natural   laws   of   supply   and circulation   of demand. Enlightenment ideas. o Laws   should   be   allowed   to o Began to change politics. operate   without   government interference. The French Revolution. o “Lasses­faire.” o Individuals   should   be   free   to  Estates General (What prompted  Louis XVI to convene this body?). pursue their own economic self­ o Tax reform. interest.  National Assembly.  John Locke. o All men are born free and equal. o Third Estates declared  themselves. o All men are born with natural  Tennis Court Oath. rights. o Men   formed   government   to o Members of the National  protect those right. Assembly swore an oath to stay  o People   have   the   right   to together until France had a  constitution. overthrow   tyrannical  The Storming of the Bastille. government and forma new one.  Voltaire. o Crowd of Parisians attacked the  o Appalled   by   religious antiquated and nearly empty  royal prison. persecution that was going on in o Popular expression of support  France. for the newly created National  o Plea for religious toleration. o Individuals   should   have   the Assembly. freedom   to   practice   their  Declaration of the Rights of Man and religion without interference of of the Citizen. o It declared rights to property,  others.  The Encyclopedia. liberty, security and “resistance  o Monumental   work   of   the to oppression”, as well as  Enlightenment period. freedom of speech, religious  toleration, and liberty of the  o Flourished book print. press.  High Culture, New Elites, and the Public. o All (male) citizens were to be  st treated equally before the law. o The 1 ndstate­ Clergy. o No one was to be imprisoned or  o The 2  estate­ Nobility. punished without due process of o The 3  estate­ Commoners and law. peasants.  Public Sphere.  New penal code. o Any person convicted of a crime  Mule spinning machine. punishable by death would be o Edmund Cartwright. decapitated.  Power   loom   for o Abolished the use of torture as a weaving. means to obtain evidence.  Steam engine.  Dr. Joseph Guillotin. o Engine that could turn a shaft o Named from the guillotine. and power the new cotton textile  National Convention. machines. o Abolished the monarchy and   The Rocket. declare France a republic. o Selected to be the first to run the  Developments that reflect the  whole 32 miles of the railroad. emergence of nationalism in France.  The development of the railroad. o Ordinary people entered the  o Its social and cultural impact political scene and influences  factories. the course of events.  Reshaped   the o Reforms based on  environment. Enlightenment ideology.  People felt a sense of o Emergence of nationalism. power over nature that  Marianne. had   not   been o Symbol of the French republic. experienced before.  Reign of Terror.  Pre­industrial work patterns. o To seize control of the  o Represented a major change in revolution and to prosecute all  how Americans work. the revolution’s enemies.  Saint Monday.  The guillotine. o Pre­industrial customs. o Executed 40,000 people. o Instead of going to work, they o Purge of internal enemies. continued to go to the taverns. o Used in April 1792­ 1981.  Factory rules. o Show up on time. The First Industrial Revolution o Don’t drink.  Why did it start in Britain? o Don’t smoke. o Don’t talk to any other workers o Secure   island   nation   with   a while on the clock. robust   empire,   profitable overseas   trade   networks,   and  Will   be   fined   of   the established credit institutions. rules are not followed.  Cotton textile production in 1760.  The cotton textile trade in 1850. o Britain was the world’s leading o Britain   imported   2.5   million pounds of raw cotton. producer of cotton cloth. o Richard Arkwright.  The Great Exhibition of 1851.  Water   frame   for o Event sponsored by Britain. spinning machine. o 32 countries from around the world were invited.  New cotton textile machines. o Richard Arkwright. o World’s first industrial fair.  Water   frame   for  Luddites. spinning machine. o Handloom   weavers   who   lost o Samuel Cromptons. their jobs to machines.


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