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A&P Lab | Study Guide Exam 1

by: Munsha Shekhani

A&P Lab | Study Guide Exam 1 biol 2110k

Marketplace > Georgia State University > Biology > biol 2110k > A P Lab Study Guide Exam 1
Munsha Shekhani
Human Anat & Physiology I LAB
Safer, TA- Zachary McConnell

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About this Document

Covers tissues, cells, passive transport, axial and appendicular skeleton
Human Anat & Physiology I LAB
Safer, TA- Zachary McConnell
Study Guide
anatomy and physiology, Biology
50 ?




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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Munsha Shekhani on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to biol 2110k at Georgia State University taught by Safer, TA- Zachary McConnell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 229 views. For similar materials see Human Anat & Physiology I LAB in Biology at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 02/21/16
Tissues I took some questions from my study guide for exam 2 lecture for this portion since that was so in detail about tissues Summary The chapter focuses strictly on tissues types of tissues and tissue repair Tissues can be pretty extensive because each has several branches The chapter starts with describing epithelium tissues which can be broken down by number of layers and shape They can be simple or psuedostrati ed meaning there s one layer or strati ed meaning there s two or more layers The shapes range from squamous cuboidal and columnar and if there s more than two layers often you may see a mixture of shapes To properly describe which shape it is try looking at the apical or top surface The chapter then goes onto describing connective tissues which I think are the most confusing There s loose and dense connective tissues and they both contain three different types Connective tissues are also made up of bers which has three types and of cartilage which you guessed it has three types as well Blood and bone both also fall under the category of connective tissues The chapter goes on with muscular tissues which has three types skeletal smooth and cardiac which are separated by if they have striations cardiac and skeletal do and their locations The last tissue type is nervous tissues which are made up of neurons and glial cells and example of these tissues are nerves What are the four types of tissues What s the proper way to name an epithelial tissue Give an example Which one of the following is NOT a characteristic of epithelial cells And make sure you are able to de ne each answer sample Avascular Polar Low rate of regeneration Closely packed cells lnnervated 09069 Name the description function and location of Simple Squamous Epithelial Tissues What kind of epithelial tissue is responsible for secretion and function 10 11 12 13 TF Psuedostrati ed columnar epithelial tissues have 2 or more layers Compare and contrast keratinized vs nonkeratinized tissues What kind of epithelial tissue are they What kind of tissue is shown in the picture Jo c i 9 Which types of epithelial tissue can be ciliated or nonciliated 09069 Which of these are relatively rare compared to the other tissues Strati ed columnar epithelial tissue Simple columnar epithelial tissue Psuedostrati ed columnar epithelial tissue Simple cuboidal epithelial tissue Strati ed squamous epithelial tissue Which epithelial tissue can be found in the linings of the ureters urinary bladder and urethra Which strati ed epithelial tissue serves as a protectivestrengthening source 09069 What kind of tissue will you nd in sweat gland ducts Strati ed columnar epithelial tissue Simple cuboidal epithelial tissue Strati ed squamous epithelial tissue Strati ed cuboidal epithelial tissue None of the above 14 Which of the following is a characteristic of exocrine glands a Secrete hormones that travel through blood vessels b Secrete products into ducts c Secrete hormones onto skin or cavities d A and B e B and C 15 Which type of epithelial tissue can be found in kidney tubules or ovary surfaces 16 Psuedostrati ed cells always touch the membrane What kind of tissueis shown in the picture 17 18 Which of the following epithelial tissues resembles strati ed squamous and cuboidal epithelial tissues 19 Select all of the choices which are functions of connective Ussues Binding Transport Movement Suppo Diffusion 09069 f Insulation g Filtration h Protection 20 The embryonic tissue is called 21 What kind of tissue is shown in the picture 22 TF Epithelial and Connective tissues are both avascular and innervate 23 Three characteristics that connective tissues are comprised of are 24 Name three types of cartilage 25 Name three types of bers 26 Name three types of loose connective tissues 27 Name three types of dense connective tissues 28 Extracellular matrix words means to create cytes means to and is to break 29 Ground substance words Chondro describes describes bones and bro describes 30 Muscular tissues can be found in all of the follow except Walls of the heart Walls of the stomach Skin Hair Walls of bladder 31 TF Collagen are also called white bers while Elastic are also called yellow bers 32 f Wat kind oft I v DP00quot i l I vi a i quot i i la 1 d I l issue ifsfthis I 33 Which connective tissue is found in the hypodermis 34 Select all that apply Areolar connective tissue is made up of what White blood cells Red blood cells Fibroblasts Osteons Gel matrix All three ber types Leukocyte 35 Which connective tissue is found in bone marrow enamenv 36 Dense regular connective tissue is found in which connects bone to bone and tendons which connect to 37 What kind of tissue is in the picture below 38 Idetify the following picture a 39 TF Bone and blood are both types of connective tissue 40 The three types of muscular tissues are 41 TF Epithelium tissue starts to regenerate in step three regeneration of tissue repair Cell structure cell transport Use the picture below for questions 1 3 a 1 What organelles are A L and C 2 What organelles are D and J What process are they useful in 3 What organelles are G K and B 4 Diffusion is the movement of ions from concentration to This means it s moving the concentration gradient 5 List 3 factors that affect the rate of diffusion and whether it speeds it upslows it down 6 In which step of mitosis does the cytoplasm divide 7 In which mitosis step do chromosomes line up in the middle 8 What step is occurring in picture lll i II than the amount of 9 When the amount of water in a cell is higher solutes in the cell it is called 10 What are two differences between passive and active transport Axial Skeleton Bone structure amp function 1 What are the four classi cations of bone shapes Give a description and example of each 2 The bone shaft is called The rounded ends of the long bone are called The cavity within the shaft is called the 3 What is the order of the curves on the vertebral column and how many vertebra does each contain 4 What is the atlas and the axis Name an important part of each Use the picture bellow to answer questions 35 14 Skeleta ll gv stem Hi iterior39 view 1 HE39 P 13 5 What are numbers 6 10 and 9 6 What is number 26 and what type of bone is it 7 What are numbers 17 18 and 19 Use the picture below to answer questions 68 EU has th e Sikuii it n t e rib r ti i e quotH 12m 8 What are numbers 2 3 and 11 9 What number is the zygomatic bone 10 What number is the vomer Use the picture below to answer questions 912 Blanes but the Skull LEI 39LTEilrEll nil EW 12 11 quot1 6quotquot a II l 3 Kr 9quot Jquot 39I 1 mm a I I I 39 i I at I r 3 h P7 HI Va Ilkal 1 E quot quot 39 quotHquot I39 I H 39a w x 39 39 l x I39M n I39 t x 154 a a a a I39 u I f H all a 13 What are number 17 and 18 12 What are numbers 3 10 and 12 13 Label numbers 1314 and 15 14 Label numbers 1 2 4 and 6 Use the image below to answer 13 15 15 What is E 16 What are A and D 17 Where is the mandibular foramen Use the picture below to answer questions 16 31 18 19 What are numbers 7 8 and 9 Label 15 16 and 17 1 1 quotIE 13 20 What number is the mastoid process 21 What number is the vomer 22 Where is the temporal bone Appendicular Skeleton 1 How can you tell if you re looking at a left or right scapula 2 How can you tell if you re holding the right or left clavicle 3 Label parts 6 9 and 12 on the picture below 4 How can you tell if you re holding the right or left Humerus And how can you you tell which is the proximal side 5 Name four parts of the radius How can you tell a radius apart from an ulna And how can you tell if it s the right or left radius 6 How can you tell if you re holding the right or left ulna 7 Name a bone with two tubercles on the proximal side 8 What are the three kinds of joints De ne each 9 TF The more stable a joint is the less you can move around 10 Name three bones that make up the pectoral girdle 11 The scapula has a process and a process 12 What is the largest bone in the body 13 What is the appendicular system made up of 14 Be able to de ne the following Super cial Deep Anterior Posterior Inferior Supenor Proximal Distal Medial Lateral Caudal Coronal Transverse Midsagittal Sagittal Answer Key Tissues Good notes you can refer to for further help with tissues if they re tough to memorize are under my page at StudySoup it s called the A amp P Lab Concept Map on Tissues It s pretty extensive and connects all the tissues together Link httpsstudysoupcomgeorgiastateuniversitybiol 2110koneweekof notesaampplablweek5id154142 1 2 3 imm 10 11 12 13 14 15 Connective Epithelial Nervous and Muscular Number of layers Shape Epithelial Tissue Simple Squamous Epithelial Tissues C a Avascular lack of blood vessels b Polar apical surface is the top membrane and the basal is the bottom c They have a High rate of regeneration not a low one Regeneration is cells growing again and renewing d Closely packed cells they are held by junctions and desmosomes e lnnervated have nerves Discshaped nucleus that is in the center It allows for diffusion and ltration And examples of lining of heart serous membranes blood vessels Simple cuboidal epithelial tissues False it is classi ed as having one layer of cells Keratinized is found in drier areas and are dead cells in the surface and are found in the epidermis Nonkeratinized are moister and are found in places like the esophagus and mouth They are Strati ed squamous ep heHal ssues Psuedostrati ed columnar epithelial tissues Simple columnar epithelial or Psuedostrati ed columnar epithelial Ussue A Transitional epithelial tissue Strati ed cuboidal epithelial tissue D E Option A was describing endocrine glands Simple cuboidal epithelial tissues 16 Basement membrane Meaning they all come to the bottom but not necessarily all have to touch the top membrane 17 Strati ed cuboidal epithelial tissue 18 Transitional epithelial tissue 19 A B D F H C E and G are all functions of epithelial 20 Mesenchyme 21 Transitional epithelial tissue 22 False Epithelial is both connective is vascular meaning it has blood cells and it is innervate 23 Cells ground substance extracellular matrix 24 Hyaline Elastic Fibrocartilage 25 Reticular Collagen Elastic 26 Reticular areolar adipose 27 Irregular regular elastic I know 2832 was tedious and annoying probably but knowing what falls under what category is going to be very helpful for this test because each tissue has so many branches under it Know the location function and description of each also 28 Blasts maintain clasts 29 Cartilage Osteo Fibers 30 D 31 True 32 Areolar connective tissue 33 Adipose connective tissue 34 A C E F G Leukocytes are white blood cells Make sure you know the words are used interchangeably 35 Reticular connective tissue 36 Ligaments bone to muscle 37 Dense irregular connective tissue 38 Hyaline cartilage 39 True 40 Skeletal smooth cardiac 41 False Cell structure cell transport A nuclear membrane L Nucleus C nucleolus Microtubules and micro laments Mitosis G is Rough ER and K is smooth ER and B is golgi apparatus High Low down Temperature increase in temp increase in diffusion Concentration more concentration more diffusion Surface area more surface area more diffusion Distance less distance more diffusion Viscosity more viscosityless diffusion 6 Cytokinesis U39lbUUNH 7 Metaphase 8 Anaphase 9 Hypotonic 10 Passive does not require energy and it goes down the concentration gradient Active transport uses energy in the form of ATP and it goes up the concentration gradient with the help of a protein generally Axial Skeleton Bone structure amp function 1 Long bones longer than wider femur Flat bones thin curved a little sternum rreguar abnormally shaped vertebra Short bones small cubeish shaped patella Diaphysis epiphysis medullary Cervical 7 thoracic12 lumbar5 sacral5 fused coccyx 4 fused The atlas holds up your head ad it also the otonoid process The axis allows for the head to spin around it acts as a pivot The important part of the axis is the dens The atlas is C1 and the axis is C2 hUUN 5 In order ium ishium coccyx 6 Patellar short bone 7 In order Clavicle body of sternum Humerus 8 2 is the mandible 3 is the mental foramen 11 is the maxilla 9 9 10 10 11 17 is the zygomatic bone or the zygomatic process of the temporal bone And 18 Is the temporal process of the zygomatic bone 12 2 is the lambdoidal suture 10 is the coronal suture and 12 is the sphenoid 13 In order Ethmoid nasal bone and lacrimal 14 1 parietal 2 temporal 4 occipital 6 mastoid process 15 Mental Foramen 16 A is the body of the mandible and D is the coronoid process 17 Letter F 18 7 foramen ovae 8 foramen Spinosum 9 foramen lacerum 19 15 inferior nuchal line 16 superior nuchal line 17 foramen magnum 20 number 23 21 number 26 22 number 27 Appendicular Skeleton 1 Look at which way the glenoid cavity is pointing if it s 0 the left it s a left scapular and vice versa 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Look at where the coronoid tubercle is when it s superiorly held it will be on the right side if it s the right one and left side if it s the left The inferior view is going to look like a regular S and the superior view is going to look like a backwards S Spine Inferior angle Acromion process Look at where the medial epicondyle is facing If it s on the right side it s the right Humerus and vice versa If the medial epicondyle is on the bottom it s the distal part and the top part is the proximal part since it s the part that will connect to the next bone The head neck shaft ulnar notch and the radial tuberosity You can tell it apart by radius is always along the thumb and ulna is along the pinky A radius is thicker than the ulna also The way in which the radial tuberosity is pointing is how you can tell If it s point right it s the right radius and vice versa The ulna is dependent on the styloid process which is near the end If it s pointing to the right it s the right Humerus Diarthrosis A freely mobile joint Synarthrosis An immobile joint Amphiarthrosis A slightly mobile joint True thre s an inverse relationship between them Ilium ishium pubis Coracoid and acromial processes Femur Limbs pectoral and pelvic girdles Superficial surface Deep inner Anterior front Posterior back lnferior lower Superior upper Proximal near a point of attachment Distal far from a point of attachment Medial close to midline Lateral far form midline Ca udal near tailend Coronal splits into anterior and posterior Transverse splits into superior and inferior Midsagittal splits exactly into left and right Sagittal splits into left and right portions just not as exact as midsagittal


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