New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Test 2 Study Guide

by: Madeline Wilson

Test 2 Study Guide ANTH 102 001

Madeline Wilson

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

study guide for test 2, completed study guide, explanations of general ideas based on study guide uploaded to blackboard
Understanding Other Cultures
Dr. Moskowitz
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Understanding Other Cultures

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madeline Wilson on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 102 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Moskowitz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 201 views. For similar materials see Understanding Other Cultures in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of South Carolina.

Similar to ANTH 102 001 at USC

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr


Reviews for Test 2 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/21/16
Question 1. Documentary (Ongka’s Big Moka) Ongka is his tribe’s big man, he is attempting to organize a Moka (gift exchange), a form of reciprocity, returning a gift his tribe received many years before. His tribe gave 600 pigs, $100,000 Australian dollars, 12 cassowaries, 8 cows, a motorbike, and a pick-up truck. “Now that I have given you these things, I have won. I have knocked you down by giving you so much.” Question 2. Review of Lecture Terms Alienation; the state or experience of being isolated from a group or an activity to which one should belong or in which one should be involved Anomie; lack of the usual social or ethical standards in an individual or group Ascribed and Achieved Status; ascribed – status you are born with, achieved – earned status, ascribed influences achieved Big Man; a form of leadership in tribes where the leader achieve power and influence based on ability Commodity Fetishism; the collective belief that it is natural and inevitable to measure the value of useful things with money Conspicuous Consumption; consumption/purchases made as a sign of status rather than necessity Cultural Relativism; principle that an indicidual person’s beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual’s own culture Doxa vs. Habitus; Doxa: our ideologies and belief systems, our way of making sense of the world, habitus: the things we actually do on a day to day basus, habit (habitus and doxa influence each other) Emile Durkheim: English vs American vs Yanomamo interpretation of Hamlet Emic and Etic; emic – view from inside of group, etic – view from outside group Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft (community and society); gemeinschaft – community, gesellschaft – society, acting in self-interest Hegemony (and the panopticon); domination of a culturally diverse society by the ruling class, who manipulate the culture of that society so that their ruling-class worldview becomes the worldview that is imposed and accepted, panopticon – prisoners can’t tell when they’re being watched so they always behave just in case the Iron Cage and the Velvet Cage; Marxist vs. Marxian; Reciprocity (general, balanced, negative); the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, especially priveleges granted by one for country or organization to another, genera; - does not receive anything back at that time, expectation that favor will be returned at a later time, balanced – good/services exchanged carry same value, negative – one clan attacks another, attack will be returned Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis; structure of language determines or greatly influences the modes of thought and behavior characteristic of the culture in which it is spoken Solidarity (organic and mechanical); organic – social unity based on a division of labor that results in people depending on each other, mechanical – social integration of members of a society who have common values and beliefs, these common values and beliefs constitute a “collective conscience” that works internally in individual members to cause them to cooperate Symbolic Capital; the resources available to an individual on the basis of honor, prestige or recognition, and serves as value that one holds within a culture Symbolic Violence; Pierre Bourdieu, accounts for discipline used against another to confirm that individual’s placement in a social hierarchy Question 3 (Power Point 3. Yanomamo and More Terms) Big Men (Kaowbawa, Rerebawa); Kaowbawa – 40 at time of Chagnon’s research, exceptionally mild mannered, very successful, established reputation for waiteri when he was younger so seldom has to get violent now, from village, has lots of kin, leads by example, several brothers, Rerebawa – early 20s, one wife, from another village, came to Kaobawa’s village to marry, will go back to own village, few kin, chronically concerned about reputation, goes out of his way to be seen acting tough, reputation of being willing to fight The Chagnon Controversy; Venezuelan government used Chagnon’s work to lavel the Yanomamo as dangerous and unsociable as part of its effort to displace indigenous tribes occupying land otherwise exploitable for lumber or for other purposes, activists held Chagnon responsible Circumscription (geographical, social); geographical – physical barriers stopping peoples from leaving where they are from (ex. Rivers, mountains, oceans, etc.), social – presence of a powerful neighbor could prevent a small culture group from spreading or leaving in an act of self defense Cross-Cutting Ties, Cross-Cousin Marriage vs. Parallel-Cousin; cross-cutting ties – a group may be less likely to attack another group if they have a friend in the other group, relationship that cut across a line of potential or actual conflict so that they could be prevented, cross cousin marriage – marry parent’s opposite sex’s child, parallel cousin is marry parent’s same sex’s child, one is considered incent, one isn’t, depends where you are Dastardly Trick; Hekura; malicious ancestor’s spirits Mythology (jaguar, moon’s blood, piranha woman); jaguar - , moon’s blood – shot arrow at moon, thick blood drops turned into tough men, thin blood drops turned into weak men, piranha woman – younger brother tries to rape woman, penis gets bitten off, older brother “shows him how it’s done” Polygamy (polyandry, polygyny); polyandry – multiple husbands for one wife, polygyny – multiple wives for one husband The Prisoner’s Dilemma; 1) neither informs, 1-3 years in prison or free 2) you inform, partner doesn’t, you’re free, partner gets 15 years 3) you don’t inform, partner does, you get 15 years, partner is free 4) both inform, 5 years each the Roshomon Effect; contradictory interpretations of the same event by different people Shamans; only men, lots of training, fasting, and losing weight Violence/Waiteri; fierceness, men trained from young age to display violence and fierceness Question 4 Lectures (Chiefdom and Kingdom) Hopi Clan; Venezuelan natives Lineage; group of related people can identify their common ancestor Totemism; clans have a variety of names and animal symbols ex. Bear, spider, parrot Katchina & Conformity; katchina – ancestral spirit, tribe members dress as katchinas to scare other tribe members and children into behaving, similar to devils in Fiestas book Chief (pure of heart, chief vs. king); must be pure of heart, failures of crops/lack of rainfall can be blamed on king’s impurity, chief loses piece off himself while being chief Matrilineal vs. Patrilineal; of or based on kinship with the mother/father Matrilocal vs. Patrilocal; societal system in which a married couple resides near wife/husband’s parents Matriarchal vs. Patriarchal; group or society run by women/men The Iliad Big Men (Paris, Hector, Agamemnon, Achilleus); helen’s father marries her to Menelaus, Agamemnon’s brother, Helen and Paris run away together, Agamemnon takes Achilles’ girlfriend Briseis, Hector calls Paris a wimp, Achilles drags Hector in revenge for accidentally killing Patrocleus Individual vs. Society, Power vs. Authority; legitimacy; power – ability to do something, Authority – right to do something, legitimacy; possessing both power and authority Question 5 Aztecs Deep Play: notes on Balinese Cockfight; 1972, gain/lose status depending on result of cockfight, participants of deep fights are dominant members of society, not between individuals, rather a simulation of the social structure of kinship and social groups Human Sacrifice (annual ceremony with a volunteer, 52 year ceremony, war captives and criminals); emic view – to keep sun in sky, to please gods, etic view – scare other tribes, 52year ceremony – social solidarity, put out all lights, light guy on fire, put lights out, sacrifice criminals and captives to scare other tribes/tribe members into obeying Quetzalcoatl; protector of humanity, mover of sun, warrior, cortes and the case of mistaken identity, amoral “Sick Society”; Spanish Techniques of Assimilation (hegemony); fealty from smaller villages, terrible toll of disease, education and religion,polygyny and older religious practices banned Symbolic Aggression; verbal or physical gestures aimed at terrorizing, threatening, intimidating, dominating, making someone afraid, or controlling someone Trobriand Cricket; unique version of cricket played by trobraind islanders War Captives and Ritualized Speech; Questions 6-12 will be on the readings. “nervous system” System: comprehensive, unfeeling, monolithic Nervous: life inside of it is dynamic, agitated, unruly Surveillance/invisibility Bureaucracy and “falling through the cracks” Artillery range and fish preserve Old buildings and new construction Surviving danger on deployment to die stateside How to uniforms/regulations erase identity as well as signify it? Uniforms make everyone look identical, name patch/badges identify between soldiers How do regulations persist in the absence of uniforms? Haircuts, ar671 What is meant by being ‘in it’? mentally in the military, job vs identity Armor – did more damage than good  Vulnerability  Weight  Damage Heat – people at home don’t understand how hot it is, lack of understanding  weight  exhaustion  violence Metal  flesh  protection and exposure Bodily Habitus  at war  at home  fusion of military and body EFP  thing-killing vs people-killing, weapon vs weapon instead of people vs people  fusion of weaponry and body Exposure – scouts are bullet catchers  when does it happen?  How is it manifested?


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.