Exam 1 Review: Short Answer Questions
Exam 1 Review: Short Answer Questions PSYC 3331
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by lambdalambdalambdas on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 3331 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Herb Agan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 147 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Gender in Psychlogy at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
Gender ‐ biological differences between men and women that become social distinction in most societies. Gender identity is the process, occurring in early childhood, of coming to identify oneself as female or male. Sexual identity refers to the biological differences in the genetic composition and reproductive structures and functions of men and women. Wolffian system is for males. Under the influence of testicular testosterone, the wolffian system develops, and the mullerian inhibiting substances cause the mullerian system to degenerate. Mullerian system is for females. In the absence of testosterone, the mullerian system develops into female reproductive ducts and the wolffian system fails to develop. We are all conceived the same; as female. In the first month we all have male and female parts developing testis or ovary. Individuation is the process of self knowledge. Individuality is uniqueness. Individualism is self focused narcissism. Traditional authority is the superego, customs, precedents, what's been done, gives us our roots, stability, divine rights Rational authority is the ego, order by law not by inheritance, code, reason, science‐universe, law, logic, etc. Charismatic authority is the id and governs by experience, creativity, transcendent, unconscious, intuition, and is often irrational 1. Aphrodite shows Psyche a huge pile of seeds of many different kinds mixed together and tells her she must sort these seeds before nightfall or the penalty is death. 2. Psyche is to go to a certain field across a river and gather some of the golden fleece of the rams pastured there. 3. Psyche must fill a crystal goblet with water from the Styx, a river that tumbles from a high mountain, disappears into the earth, comes back to the high mountains again. 4. Psyche is instructed to go to the underworld and ask Persephone the goddess of the underworld, the most hidden, the eternal maiden, queen of mysteries ‐ for a cask of her beauty ointment, which Psyche is to deliver to Aphrodite. *Know how these tasks relate to the development of the female psyche. What is the ego? 1. Orients us to time and space. 2. Differentiation, separateness, and uniqueness. 3. Establish an identity through making connections Ego ‐ center of decision making abilities, center of our will power Fears of the ego: 1. Fear of being smothered. 2. Fear of being abandoned. 3. Fear of being attacked. 4. Fear of being exposed. 5. Fear of destructive instincts. 6. Fear of change. 7. Fear of the unknown (death). Too much unconditional love: ‐ Put on a pedestal ‐ Does not get feedback. ‐ Results innarcissism. Too little unconditional love: ‐ Neglect. ‐ Too much feedback. ‐ Criticism. ‐ Results in becoming a people pleaser. ‐ Overly adaptive. What grows the ego: Gratification ‐ ‐ Satisfying pain through soothing. ‐ Satisfying our needs. ‐ Comforted, therefore, I can trust life. Stimulation ‐ ‐ Tells the ego "it is." ‐ Touch, speaking, feeding, reading,and playing. ‐ Challenges or awakens ego to environment Approval ‐ ‐ ok to be me ‐ You are wanted ‐ You belong ‐ Not approved/rejection, we dump into unconscious. Ego defenses ‐ 1. Repressed ‐ put back 2. Suppressed ‐ never comes up. 3. Project‐ throw out. Masculine pattern ‐ ‐ Begins with arrogance (too much ego). ‐ Must sacrifice ego to find humility Feminine pattern ‐ ‐ Begins in humility and submission. ‐Must find self worth
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