Completed Review Guide for Diversity Issues Exam
Completed Review Guide for Diversity Issues Exam cjus 2600
Popular in Diversity Issues
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Arely Sanchez on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to cjus 2600 at University of North Texas taught by Andrekus Dixon in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 294 views. For similar materials see Diversity Issues in Criminal Justice at University of North Texas.
Reviews for Completed Review Guide for Diversity Issues Exam
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/21/16
Review Plessy v. Ferguson (African American man who had 1/8 of black blood sat in a place strictly for white men under the separate but equal law. Went to court for it and decision got upheld up until the overruling of brown v board.) What was Thurgood Marshall’s purpose/role in Brown v. The Board of Education (He overruled the statement of separate but equal in schools. It was unconstitutional.) What were slave patrols? (groups of white men who would police slaves who were deviant and running away. They had the right to search, stop, and beat them.) Around what time frame was martial rape deemed illegal (1980s) What was Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis state? (Whitney v. California) (Kentucky?) (I seriously don’t know what this question is supposed to be.) st During the 1 wave of organized imprisonment, what happened to white women? (White women would be sent to alternative reformatories. These would be for people who were in more need of correction and security. Black women would be sent to actual prisons and would end up in chain gangs and would be punished as if they were males. Females would be considered abnormal criminals.) What happened in the Mann Act of 1910? (Outlawed obscene books, trafficking, and any other type of material like this. The goal was to reduce prostitutes and diseases but it made it seem like it was the women’s fault. Although men would be the buyers of these kind of things.) Where are minorities and women represented best (federal or State levels) (Women work with overwhelming amount of white males. And white males only want to advance and not have unity. They are doubly disadvantaged.) Where are minorities and women represented best in prisons (state or federal ) (women of color have additional barriers. They are harassed especially if they move up ranks. Minorities are forced to fit in and their loyalty is questioned by their communities. [same race scenrios]. Minorities working under cover are killed by other cops (white cops). Which police characteristics vary from place to pla ce? (Since no 2 police agencies are the same like Bohm and Haley say, the 3 generalizations about law enforcement are: Quality of police work, no consensus in particular police, and expenditures are greatly in community.) What % of uniformed correctional staff are male? (77%) What % of uniformed correctional staff are white? (66%) What are some examples of cybercrimes? (They are known for having “virtual dark markets”. Auctioning child pornography, selling drugs, fraudulent passports, military weapons, etc.) What are the three components of the Criminal Justice system? (Law Enforcement, Adjudication, and Corrections) What is the prison-‐industrial complex? (A set of bureaucratic, political, and economic, interests, that encourage increased spending on imprisonment, regardless of the actual need. It is made up of liberals and conservatives who have used fear of crime to gain votes.) What are examples of the militarization of policing? (processes of arming, organizing planning, and training for violent conflict. 80% of small towns have a SWAT team by 2005. In comparison to 1930 when it was 13%. Reactive units have becomes proactive units-‐War on Drugs. Pentagon gave away 500 million to law enforcement for military equipment) What are some affirmative action myths? (Police or corrections departments must meet quotas in hiring women and minority men, regardless of w hether or not they are qualified and Support for affirmative action means support for preferential selection procedures that favor unqualified candidate s over qualified candidates.) Who are the members of the legal bar associations? (Judicial Workers: attorneys and judges) Who confirms the appointed of the U.S. Attorney? (This question I had some trouble with. But if he is asking who appoints prosecutors its they are nominated by the president and confirmed by the senate. And Prosecutors are associated with 93 US Attorneys. And also most district attorney are elected. So just remember prosecutors and attorneys together.) Do most crimes violate state or federal laws? (State) Review the Classical Criminology of thought? (Have a strong emphasis on nationalism and humanitarianism. Builds on the idea of the social contract of Thomas Hobbes. Main theorists were Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham. They focused on the rational choice theory. And one of their main points was to make sure that the crime fit the punishment.) Review the Positivist Criminology? (Focus on the scientific data of crime. Looked towards behavior as a reaction to the failure of classical criminology. One key thing they focused on was that the “treatment should fit the criminal” by focusing more on the individual. Their criminal behavior arose due to biological, psychological, economic and social forces. Main positivist was Adolphe Quetelet.) Who coined the term “social contract”? (Thomas Hobbes) What are Quetelet 3 causes of crime? (accidental-‐ wars, famines, tsunamis. Variable-‐personality. Constant-‐ age, gender, occupation) How does the author describe race? (Socially defined by a constellation of traits that include physical characteristics, national origin, language, culture, and religion. Racial and ethnic categories are made up based on prevailing beliefs, political pressures, and a host of nonobjective reasons.) Why were women not important to researchers prior to the mid 1970’s? (Men have been the vast majority of crime offenders and have dominated the criminal justice system from law making to parole officer. Women make up a small percentage of offenders and tend to commit less serious crimes than men. But over the past 40 years interest in the study of women, gender and crime had increased) Who is known as the “father of criminology”? (Cesare Lombroso) Who discovered differential association theory? (Edwin Sutherland) Define the perspective of Critical Criminologist (They are skeptical about objectivity and point out that there are no “value free” standpoints. They acknowledge their subjectivity. Their arguments revolve around social and cultural interactions along with structural relationship of the political economy. “Who’s law and what order”) What types of crimes have academics mostly focused on? (Street crimes. Although crime is about oppression by the dominant economic class. For example white collar crime is also one they have focused on= crimes of the powerful vs. crimes of the powerless.) What are the crimes of accommodation? (Predatory crimes-‐burglary/robbery. Personal crimes-‐muder/assault. Crimes of Resistance-‐ protest/sabotage.)
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'