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Completed Review Guide for Diversity Issues Exam

by: Arely Sanchez

Completed Review Guide for Diversity Issues Exam cjus 2600

Marketplace > University of North Texas > Criminal Justice > cjus 2600 > Completed Review Guide for Diversity Issues Exam
Arely Sanchez
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

The completed review guide for our first exam in Diversity Issues. Some of the questions I didn't quite understand what he was asking but I tried my best to answer them.
Diversity Issues
Andrekus Dixon
Study Guide
diversity issues exam first exam review guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Arely Sanchez on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to cjus 2600 at University of North Texas taught by Andrekus Dixon in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 294 views. For similar materials see Diversity Issues in Criminal Justice at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 02/21/16
Review  Plessy  v.  Ferguson  (African  American  man  who  had  1/8  of  black  blood  sat   in  a  place  strictly  for  white  men  under  the  separate  but  equal  law.  Went  to  court   for  it  and  decision  got  upheld  up  until  the  overruling  of  brown  v  board.)   What  was  Thurgood  Marshall’s  purpose/role  in  Brown  v.  The  Board  of  Education   (He  overruled  the  statement  of  separate  but  equal  in  schools.  It  was   unconstitutional.)   What  were  slave  patrols?  (groups  of  white  men  who  would  police  slaves  who   were  deviant  and  running  away.  They  had  the  right  to  search,  stop,  and  beat   them.)   Around  what  time  frame  was  martial  rape  deemed  illegal  (1980s)   What  was  Supreme  Court  Justice  Louis  Brandeis  state?  (Whitney  v.  California)   (Kentucky?)    (I  seriously  don’t  know  what  this  question  is  supposed  to  be.)   st During  the  1  wave  of  organized  imprisonment,  what  happened  to  white  women?   (White  women  would  be  sent  to  alternative  reformatories.  These  would  be  for   people  who  were  in  more  need  of  correction  and  security.  Black  women  would  be   sent  to  actual  prisons  and  would  end  up  in  chain  gangs  and  would  be  punished  as   if  they  were  males.  Females  would  be  considered  abnormal  criminals.)   What  happened  in  the  Mann  Act  of  1910?  (Outlawed  obscene  books,  trafficking,   and  any  other  type  of  material  like  this.  The  goal  was  to  reduce  prostitutes  and   diseases  but  it  made  it  seem  like  it  was  the  women’s  fault.  Although  men  would   be  the  buyers  of  these  kind  of  things.)   Where  are  minorities  and  women  represented  best  (federal  or  State  levels)   (Women  work  with  overwhelming  amount  of  white  males.  And  white  males  only   want  to  advance  and  not  have  unity.  They  are  doubly  disadvantaged.)   Where  are  minorities  and  women  represented  best  in  prisons  (state  or  federal )   (women  of  color  have  additional  barriers.  They  are  harassed  especially  if  they   move  up  ranks.  Minorities  are  forced  to  fit  in  and  their  loyalty  is  questioned  by   their  communities.  [same  race  scenrios].  Minorities  working  under  cover  are   killed  by  other  cops  (white  cops).     Which  police  characteristics  vary  from  place  to  pla ce?  (Since  no  2  police  agencies   are  the  same  like  Bohm  and  Haley  say,  the  3  generalizations  about  law   enforcement  are:  Quality  of  police  work,  no  consensus  in  particular  police,  and   expenditures  are  greatly  in  community.)   What  %  of  uniformed  correctional  staff  are  male?  (77%)   What  %  of  uniformed  correctional  staff  are  white?  (66%)   What  are  some  examples  of  cybercrimes?  (They  are  known  for  having  “virtual   dark  markets”.  Auctioning  child  pornography,  selling  drugs,  fraudulent  passports,   military  weapons,  etc.)   What  are  the  three  components  of  the  Criminal  Justice  system?  (Law   Enforcement,  Adjudication,  and  Corrections)     What  is  the  prison-­‐industrial  complex?  (A  set  of  bureaucratic,  political,  and   economic,  interests,  that  encourage  increased  spending  on  imprisonment,   regardless  of  the  actual  need.  It  is  made  up  of  liberals  and  conservatives  who  have   used  fear  of  crime  to  gain  votes.)   What  are  examples  of  the  militarization  of  policing?  (processes  of  arming,   organizing  planning,  and  training  for  violent  conflict.  80%  of  small  towns  have  a   SWAT  team  by  2005.  In  comparison  to  1930  when  it  was  13%.  Reactive  units  have   becomes  proactive  units-­‐War  on  Drugs.  Pentagon  gave  away  500  million  to  law   enforcement  for  military  equipment)   What  are  some  affirmative  action  myths?  (Police  or  corrections  departments   must  meet  quotas  in  hiring  women  and  minority  men,  regardless  of  w hether  or   not  they  are  qualified  and  Support  for  affirmative  action  means  support  for   preferential  selection  procedures  that  favor  unqualified  candidate s  over  qualified   candidates.)   Who  are  the  members  of  the  legal  bar  associations?  (Judicial  Workers:  attorneys   and  judges)         Who  confirms  the  appointed  of  the  U.S.  Attorney?  (This  question  I  had  some   trouble  with.  But  if  he  is  asking  who  appoints  prosecutors  its  they  are  nominated   by  the  president  and  confirmed  by  the  senate.  And  Prosecutors  are  associated   with  93  US  Attorneys.  And  also  most  district  attorney  are  elected.  So  just   remember  prosecutors  and  attorneys  together.)   Do  most  crimes  violate  state  or  federal  laws?  (State)   Review  the  Classical  Criminology  of  thought?  (Have  a  strong  emphasis  on   nationalism  and  humanitarianism.  Builds  on  the  idea  of  the  social  contract  of   Thomas  Hobbes.  Main  theorists  were  Cesare  Beccaria  and  Jeremy  Bentham.  They   focused  on  the  rational  choice  theory.  And  one  of  their  main  points  was  to  make   sure  that  the  crime  fit  the  punishment.)   Review  the  Positivist  Criminology?  (Focus  on  the  scientific  data  of  crime.  Looked   towards  behavior  as  a  reaction  to  the  failure  of  classical  criminology.  One  key   thing  they  focused  on  was  that  the  “treatment  should  fit  the  criminal”  by  focusing   more  on  the  individual.  Their  criminal  behavior  arose  due  to  biological,   psychological,  economic  and  social  forces.  Main  positivist  was  Adolphe  Quetelet.)   Who  coined  the  term  “social  contract”?  (Thomas  Hobbes)   What  are  Quetelet  3  causes  of  crime?  (accidental-­‐  wars,  famines,  tsunamis.   Variable-­‐personality.  Constant-­‐  age,  gender,  occupation)   How  does  the  author  describe  race?  (Socially  defined  by  a  constellation  of  traits   that  include  physical  characteristics,  national  origin,  language,  culture,  and   religion.  Racial  and  ethnic  categories  are  made  up  based  on  prevailing  beliefs,   political  pressures,  and  a  host  of  nonobjective  reasons.)   Why  were  women  not  important  to  researchers  prior  to  the  mid  1970’s?  (Men   have  been  the  vast  majority  of  crime  offenders  and  have  dominated  the  criminal   justice  system  from  law  making  to  parole  officer.  Women  make  up  a  small   percentage  of  offenders  and  tend  to  commit  less  serious  crimes  than  men.  But   over  the  past  40  years  interest  in  the  study  of  women,  gender  and  crime  had   increased)   Who  is  known  as  the  “father  of  criminology”?  (Cesare  Lombroso)   Who  discovered  differential  association  theory?  (Edwin  Sutherland)   Define  the  perspective  of  Critical  Criminologist  (They  are  skeptical  about   objectivity  and  point  out  that  there  are  no  “value  free”  standpoints.  They   acknowledge  their  subjectivity.  Their  arguments  revolve  around  social  and   cultural  interactions  along  with  structural  relationship  of  the  political  economy.     “Who’s  law  and  what  order”)   What  types  of  crimes  have  academics  mostly  focused  on?  (Street  crimes.   Although  crime  is  about  oppression  by  the  dominant  economic  class.  For  example   white  collar  crime  is  also  one  they  have  focused  on=  crimes  of  the  powerful  vs.   crimes  of  the  powerless.)   What  are  the  crimes  of  accommodation?  (Predatory  crimes-­‐burglary/robbery.   Personal  crimes-­‐muder/assault.  Crimes  of  Resistance-­‐  protest/sabotage.)  


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