SOCI201 Study Guide 1
SOCI201 Study Guide 1 SOCI201013
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by mtraub on Sunday February 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCI201013 at University of Delaware taught by Perez,Victor W. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 02/21/16
1. Sociology studies how A. chemicals react with one another B. humans’ biology determines their destiny C. chemicals in the brain inﬂuence behavior D. people who live in a society are interdependent on one another 2. Common sense beliefs are NOT always reliable because they lack which of the following? A. a systematic analysis of the facts B. a basis in commonly held beliefs C. an individual’s own experiences and feelings D. the proper application of personal biases 3. Which of the following are three major sociological perspectives? A. foundationalist B. functionalist C. intentionalist D. integrationist E. conﬂict F. interactionist 4. An experiment is A. a method of collecting information through direct participation or by closely watching a group or community B. an artiﬁcially created situation that allows researchers to manipulate variables C. any method that is considered by the scientiﬁc community to be both unethical and unscientiﬁc D. a series of identical questions asked of a large number of participants 5. Casual logic is best deﬁned as A. a scientiﬁc process needed to test whether a hypothesis is true B. a personal opinion that illustrates the causes and effects of the topics being studied C. the transition between an abstract concept into a measurable factor D. the relationship between a condition and a consequence, with one leading to the other 6. A type of survey in which a researcher directly questions a person (in person or over the telephone) is known as A. an examination B. an interview C. a ﬂowchart D. a memorandum 7. This approach to gathering data focuses on listening to and observing people and allowing them to interpret what is happening in their own lives A. qualitative B. quantitative C. elective D. native 8. The sociologist who said that people should study behavior as if people were actors on a stage was A. C. Wright Mills B. Robert Merton C. Karl Marx D. Erving Goffman 9. The sociological imagination is the ability to A. focus on the individual without regarding the larger surrounding society B. use common sense to provide scientiﬁcally approved explanations C. recognize the connection between our own lives and larger social trends D. predict how a person will cope when exposed to certain diseases 10. Sociobiologists assert a genetic basis for man nearly universal cultural traits, including which of the following? (circle all that apply) A. the expectation that couples will marry for economic gain B. the expectation that couples will marry for love C. the expectation that women will be nurturers D. the expectation that men will be providers 11. In recent decades researchers in both the natural sciences and sociology have sought a better understanding of the relationship between biology and A. Intelligence B. Dominance C. Wealth D. Culture 12. Sociobiology is the systematic study of how biology affects human A. social behavior B. anatomy C. shelter building D. genetics 13. Critics often point to fact that people in developing nations lose their traditional values, forms of dress, and native language and begin to identify with the culture of more dominant nations due to A. cultural relativism B. isolation C. globalization D. ethnocentrism E. balkanization 14. From a feminist perspective, which best describes how women are viewed and treated in a male-dominated society? A. subservient and inferior to male counterparts B. equal to male counterparts C. encouraged to challenge the assumptions of male counterparts D. superior to male counterparts 15. When we attempt to understand another society’s culture rather than dismissing it as abnormal or exotic, we are practicing A. ethnocentrism B. diffusion C. culture shock D. cultural relativism 16. Sociologists recognize discovery and invention as the two forms of cultural A. destruction B. innovation C. stabilization D. revitalization 17. Having a common culture assumes that cultural patterns reﬂect A. the impact of globalization B. the geological patterns of the area C. conﬂicting cultural standards and norms D. basic values, beliefs, and customs of the culture 18. Which of the following serves to distinguish one society from another despite the existence of cultural universals? A. cultural variation B. dominant ideology C. material variation D. cultural relativism 19. Cultural Values include positive conceptions, such as what is good or desirable, but not negative conceptions, such as what is undesirable or improper True or False 20. Culture is the totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and A. geography B. behavior C. globalization D. ethnicity 21. The Marxist theoreticians Georg Lukacs of Hungary and Antonio Gramsci of Italy promoted the concept of A. invented languages B. positive sanctions C. dominant ideology D. acquired characters 22. Mores regulate behavior that A. is commonplace and has little impact B. reinforces male dominance C. is unimportant to the welfare of a society D. is important to the welfare of a society 23. To the extent that Esperanto has succeeded, it has done so on much the same terms asa naturally evolved language by A. creating community of shared participants B. translating and publishing as much of the world’s literature as possible C. establishing an identity closely tied with an ethnic group and a land base D. gaining worldwide recognition through treaties and rulings in the courts of international justice 24. If a company’s accountants improve the company’s ﬁnancial standing using questionable techniques, the accountants may be adhering to standards even if they violate society’s norms. True or False 25. Which of the following inﬂuence people’s behavior, serve as criteria for evaluating the actions of others, and form a culture’s shared ideas of what is good? A. sanctions B. neurons C. values D. norms Answer Key 1. D 2. A 3. A, E, F 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. A 8. D 9. C 10. C, D 11.D 12.A 13.C 14. A 15. D 16.B 17. D 18. A 19. False 20. B 21. C 22. D 23. A 24. True 25.C
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