New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Topic 4: Magazines Origin

by: Destiny Giebe

Topic 4: Magazines Origin MC 101-740

Destiny Giebe
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Objectives to come...
Mass Comm & Society
Frederick Christopher Jones
Study Guide
mass communication, Jouanlism, Graphic Design
50 ?




Popular in Mass Comm & Society

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Destiny Giebe on Monday February 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MC 101-740 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Frederick Christopher Jones in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Mass Comm & Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at Southeast Missouri State University.

Similar to MC 101-740 at SEMO

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications


Reviews for Topic 4: Magazines Origin


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/22/16
Magazines: Origins Think  about  all  the  great  things  magazines  do  for  you.    They   comfort  you  in  the  doctor's  office  while  you're  waiting  for  a  flu   shot.    They  brighten  your  day  at  the  check-­‐out  line,   entertaining  you  with  stories  about  celebrity  face -­‐lifts  and  UFO   sightings.    But  magazines  haven't  always  been  there  for  us.    In   fact,  magazines  are  by  far  the  youngest  of  all  the  print  media.     Magazines  first  appeared  in  17th  century  France  -­‐  the  term   magazine  comes  from  the  French  word   “magasin”,  which   means  storehouse.    But  unlike  the  colorful,  entertaining   magazines  of  today,  these  early  magazines  would  simply   reprint  text  (essays,  literature)  from  other  sources.    No   pictures,  no  color,  no  articles  about  the  50  sexiest  people  in  the   world.     EARLY  AMERICAN  MAGAZINES     The  magazine  industry  in  America  was  far  from  an  instant   success.    Although  magazines  started  appearing  in  the  mid -­‐ 18th  century,  there  were  still  only  12  magazines  operating  by   the  year  1800.    There  were  a  few  reasons  behind  this  problem   -­‐   expensive  postal  costs,  illiteracy  -­‐  but  the  main  cause  was  the   actual  magazines.    They  were  painfully  dull  -­‐  and  who  wants  to   pay  to  be  bored?    You  can  do  that  for  free.     Eventually,  publishers  caught  on  -­‐  there  had  to  be  a  better   approach.    In  the  mid-­‐19th  century,  magazines  (like  "Harper's   New  Monthly  Magazine")  began  using  illustrations  to   complement  their  articles.    They  started  targeting  specific   groups  (women,  doctors,  snooty  rich  people).    Finally,   magazines  were  gaining  an  audience.     Towards  the  end  of  the  19th  century,  there  were  close  to  5000   magazines  in  the  United  States.    This  growth  came  about  for   several  reasons:     • Postal  Act  of  1879  lowered  rates  -­‐  making  them  affordable  to   the  working  class   • Improvements  in  transportation  and  production  technology   • Magazines  devoting  more  pages  to  advertisements   • Wide  ranging  placement   -­‐  drugstores,  supermarkets,  etc.     Magazines  also  found  a  new  way  to  make  profits.    Publishers   dropped  the  price  of  their  magazine,  charging  less  than  it  cost   to  make  the  magazine.    Wait  a  second,  companies  actually   losing  money  on  each  magazine  they  sell?    Where's  the  sense  in   that?     You  probably  guessed  it.    With  lower  costs,  magazine   circulation  grew.    As  circulation  grew,  companies  could  charge   more  money  for  advertisements.    This  has  become  the   standard  approach  for  most  magazines  in  the  21st  century.           First  published  in  1821,  the  The  cover  of  an  1830  issue "Harper's  New  Monthly   "Saturday  Evening  Post"   "Ladies'  Magazine"  -­‐  the  firstMagazine"  became  one  of  the   remains  the  longest  running   magazine  for  women.    Not   first  magazines  to  heavily  use   magazine  in  U.S.  history.   exactly  "Cosmo",  is  it?   illustrations.     THE  DEVELOPMENT  OF  THE  MODERN  MAGAZINE     The  yellow  journalists  of  the  late  1800s,  aside  from  the   occasional  fake  story,  did  try  to  address  many  of  society's   problems.    This  mentality  also  rubbed  off  on  the  magazines  of   the  era,  as  they  wrote  articles  that  attacked  corruption  in   business  and  government.    President  Teddy  Roosevelt  -­‐   worried  that  these  reformers  would  turn  our  nation  into  a   bunch  of  socialists  -­‐  referred  to  these  reporters  as   muckrakers.    Roosevelt  didn't  use  this  term  adoringly,  but  the   reporters  loved  the  new  label.     One  of  the  most  famous  examples  of  muckraking  is  the  1906   novel  The  Jungle,  by  Upton  Sinclair  (maybe  you  were  forced   to  read  this  in  10th  grade  English).    The  novel  is  famous  for  its   horrifying  depiction  of  the  meat  packing  industry.    Here's  an   excerpt  (if  you  ate  hot  dogs  for  lunch,  you  may  not  want  to   read  this):     "This  floor  was  filthy,  yet  they  set  Antanas  with  his  mop  slopping  the  'pickle'   into  a  hole  that  connected  with  a  sink,  where  it  was  caught  and  used  over   again  forever;  and  if  that  were  not  enough,  there  was  a  trap  in  the  pipe,  where   all  the  scraps  of  meat  and  odds  and  ends  of  refuse  were  caught,  and  every  few   days  it  was  the  old  man's  task  to  clean  these  out,  and  shovel  their  contents  into   one  of  the  trucks  with  the  rest  of  the  meat!"     The  book  caused  such  a  sensation,  that  it  led  to  major  reforms   in  the  industry  -­‐  and  showed  the  world  just  how  powerful  the   press  could  be.     World  War  I  effectively  brought  an  end  to  the  muckraking  era   -­‐   and  general-­‐interest  magazines  started  to  grow  in   popularity.    Magazines  like  "The  Saturday  Evening  Post", "Reader's  Digest"  and  "Life",  featured  stories  on  various  topics  that   appealed  to  a  diverse  national  audience.   Photojournalism  was  one  reason  for  the  success  of  these   magazines.    With  photojournalism,  news  is  communicated  entirely,  or  in   part,  by  photographs.    These  pictures  are  often  so  striking  and  powerful,   they  leave  a  much  deeper  impression  than  any  story  could.    Take  for   instance  the  terrorist  attacks  in  Paris.    Without  seeing  images  of  the   events,  it  is  difficult  to  understand  the  scope  of  that  situation.    Take   some  time  to  examine  the  photographs  below  -­‐  the  links  will  open  a   larger  version  of  the  image.    What  makes  these  pictures  so  effective?   Vietnamese  children  run  in  terror  after   Babe  Ruth  -­‐  near  death  and  using  a  bat  for   Napalm  was  accidentally  dropped  on  their   balance  -­‐  saying  goodbye  to  New  York  Yankee   village.   fans.   American  sailor  kissing  a  nurse  in   A  migrant  worker  with  her     Times  Square  -­‐  celebrating  the   children  -­‐  without  work  after  crops     end  of  World  War  II.   freeze  in  California.    


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.