Topic 5: Sound Recording Pop Music
Topic 5: Sound Recording Pop Music MC 101-740
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Destiny Giebe on Monday February 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MC 101-740 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Frederick Christopher Jones in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Mass Comm & Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at Southeast Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Sound Recording: Pop Music So you say you like polka music? The slick grooves of the accordion just get your heart pumping. Or maybe you're into jazz. Or reggae. Or the Mormon Tabernacle Choir. The great thing about America is that we can listen to anything we like. However, polka never bought anyone their own Leer jet. The recording industry has made their billions from pop music. Now pop music doesn't just mean singers from "American Idol" -‐ in fact, if you look at the charts, you’ll find all sorts of styles. But it is mainstream music that appeals to a large segment of the population. ROCK AND ROLL Probably the one style of music that has had the greatest impact on modern day popular music is rock and roll. Almost all pop music -‐ dance, hip-‐hop, metal -‐ has evolved from rock and roll. It's been so influential because it developed from such a diverse mix of music. It combines aspects of 1940s pop (like Frank Sinatra), country and folk. But primarily, it derived from the blues. For an example of how closely the two sounds are related, listen to Nirvana's version of "Where Did You Sleep Last Night?", a song originally recorded by blues legend Leadbelly. Rock and roll exploded onto the scene in the 1950s. There were three main factors that helped it grow in popularity: • Radio competing against television • Kids rebelling against repressive 50s society • Brown v. Board of Education In the early days of radio, much of its programming came from dramatic programs like "The Shadow" or "Superman". However, television gained popularity in the 1950s, so those types of programs moved there. In search of new content, radio switched to music, which was an inexpensive source of programming. And rock and roll was the music kids wanted. Now there's nothing new about teenagers defying society -‐ but the 1950s were tailor-‐made for a rebellion. There was a cold war with the Russians, Sen. McCarthy was accusing everyone of being a Communist and we had squeaky clean Dwight Eisenhower as the president. But from the midst of this repression came rock and roll -‐ the salvation of young people everywhere who were just looking to have a good time. The last factor that led to the rise of rock and roll was the Brown v. Board of Education ruling in 1954, which officially ended segregation. With society being integrated, mainstream American culture was introduced to other types of music -‐ like blues and rockabilly. These styles blended with other forms of music to create the rock and roll sound. Brown vs. Board of Education didn’t bring an end to inequality in America -‐ and the recording industry was no different. African-‐American artists, like Fats Domino and Little Richard, had to sign with small labels because the major labels wouldn't take them. The major labels had much more marketing power than the small labels -‐ so their records were more successful. For example, Fats Domino released "Ain't That a Shame", which went to No. 10 on the charts. Pat Boone re-‐made the song and it went to No. 1. It wasn't until the 1960s that this trend finally started to reverse. Elvis Presley was the King of Rock and It's hard to imagine anyone else singing because he effectively blended diverse music styles "Blueberry Hill", but African-‐American artists like blues and rockabilly -‐ and kids lovlike Fats Domino often lost out to white cover because their parents hated him. artists with major label support. CONTROVERSY IN POP MUSIC Alright, I'm sure you've heard it before -‐ you hear critics say that music these days is worse than ever. Today's songs promote drug use, sex, violence and hate. Music is the cause of all society's problems. Do you agree? Before you respond, let's take a quick walk through the history of pop music over the past 60 years: The Doors: Jim Morrison exposes himself on stage and writes songs about having sex with his mother 1960s The Velvet Underground: teenagers everywhere sing along to the hit song "Heroin" Black Sabbath: Ozzy Osbourne bites off a variety of live animal heads 1970s Sex Pistols: teenagers everywhere sing along to the hit song "Anarchy in the U.K." Slayer: Sample lyrics -‐ "Bones and blood lie on the ground/Rotten limbs 1980s e dead/Decapitated bodies found on my wall" -‐ how nice! Motley Crue: teenagers everywhere sing along to the hit song "Shout at the Devil" Marilyn Manson: their sole purpose is to offend, with album titles such 1990s "Smells Like Children" and "Antichrist Superstar" 2 Live Crew: teenagers everywhere sing along to the hit song "Me So Horny" 2000s nem: makes lewd accusations about Christina Aguielira and writes songs about hiding the body of his murdered wife Nelly: teenagers everywhere sing along to the hit song "Hot in Herre" Nicki Minaj: her Grammy Awards' date is a Pope look-‐alike, and she 2010s performs her song "Stupid Hoe" from inside a cage Ke$ha: teenagers everywhere sing along to the hit song "Die Young" Obviously, one vital component of rock and roll music is to cause a commotion. But does that justify some of the messages that pop music delivers to the public? That's what you have to decide. In the 1970s, KISS was very Nikki Minaj and the Pope really do make controversial, but looking back, they're a cute couple. Just another in a long line actually kind of goofy. Grown men in of controversial moments for this chains and face paint -‐ what were they thinking? popular music artist.
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