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Exam 2 Study guide

by: Mackayla Notetaker

Exam 2 Study guide PSY 3003

Mackayla Notetaker
Arkansas Tech University

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About this Document

This is a detailed study guide for Friday's exam.
Abnormal Psychology
Study Guide
Abnormal psychology
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mackayla Notetaker on Monday February 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 3003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Willbanks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Arkansas Tech University.

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Date Created: 02/22/16
Abnormal MWF, Exam 2******* Multiple Choice: Chapter 5: know the major symptoms, etiology, and treatment. Know GAD (General Anxiety Disorder) excessive apprehension and worry uncontrollable Strong, persistent anxiety Somatic symptoms like muscle tension, restlessness, irritability, sleep disturbance 6 months or more Treatments: Pharmacological (Benzos, Antidepressants) Psychological (cognitive-behavioral treatments) exposure to worry process, confronting anxiety-provoking images, coping strategies. Female:male 2:1 Social Phobia: Extreme irrational fear/shyness social/performance situations Significant impairment Avoidance or distressed endurance Generalized subtype Treatment Psychological: CBT involving exposure, rehearsal, role-play, and group settings Medications: SSRIs (Paxil), Beta Blockers, MAOI Panic Disorder: Clinical description- unexpected panic attacks Anxiety or fear of another attack (like in the case study) Persists for one month or more Use and abuse of drugs and alcohol Introceptive avoidance Treatment: GABA SSRIs (ex. Prozac) Psychological exposure based Reality testing Relaxation Agoraphobia: A marked fear or anxiety about two or more of 5 situations 1. Using public transportation 2. Being in open spaces 3. Being in closed spaces 4. Standing in line or crowd 5. Being outside the home alone 75% are women Specific Phobias: know the major symptoms, etiology, and treatment. clinical description extreme and irrational fear of object or situation Impairment Adults know it’s unreasonable Examples Blood injection-Injury phobia (decreased heart rate, fainting) Situational- fear of specific situations (like transportation, small places) No uncued attacks Natural Environment- heights, storms, etc. Associated with real dangers Treatment: Cognitive- behavior therapies (CBT) Exposure is graduated, structured, and consistant Relaxation Blood-injury injection Know the difference between anxiety and panic. Anxiety is future orientated. panic is now (fight or flight.) Panic attacks is an abrupt experience of intense fear. Symptoms include palpitations, chest pain, and dizziness. There are two types: unexpected/uncued and expected/cued Know why OCD is no longer considered an anxiety disorder, as well as how to differentiate OCD from OCPD. OCD has different biological basis and treatments. OCD is more interior while anxiety is more exterior. Some individuals have small amounts of anxiety. It is not at the front of the mind. OCPD is more perfectionist (Anal Retentive) rather than actually having obsessions and compulsions like OCD. OCPD enjoys cleaning and making lists etc. Know PTSD: Clinical Description: Trauma exposure Directly experiencing (Ex. Being raped) Witnessing (Ex. Seeing someone die) Learning about event; violent or accidental Repeated exposure to events (first responders, emts, etc.) Exposure through electronic media, does NOT apply Acute Stress Disorder. You have to have 9 nine of the symptoms from 1-30 days. It is 50% likely these will develop PTSD. Essays: You will see four of the following on your exam. 1. Describe the key features of OCD. Make sure to highlight the relationship between obsessions and compulsions, as well as treatment options. ERP. Define obsessions and compulsions and have examples. 2. Describe the symptoms of GAD and the best way to effectively treat it. List the symptoms and describe with examples. Treat it with relaxation (imagining with exposure, breathing, etc) 3. What is the relationship between agoraphobia and panic disorder? How might these conditions lead to other comorbid disorders? 4. Describe the key symptoms/features of PTSD. Briefly mention etiology and treatment. Risk factors of PTSD: Being female(women 9.7% men 3.6%) low levels of social support Neuroticism Preexisting anxiety or depression Family history of anxiety or depression Substance abuse ( used to avoid memories) Appraisals soon after trauma (Could it have been avoided?) A. OCD vs. OCPD will be short answer  OCD: Thoughts, images, ideas that won’t  go away and cause distress, Impossible to control, Repetitive  behaviors/compulsions to avoid the what if, will seek help for psychological  distress OCPD: Perfectionism, Details rules lists organization, Rigidity ethically or  morally, Excessive devotion to work, Inability to discard items, Miserly spending  habits, Will seek help because of relationship distress. (Spouse usually forces  them to get help)The really is no obsession with OCPD like there is in OCD.  They do have compulsions. OCPD doesn’t see anything wrong with the way  they live.  B. Know OCD and related dxs as discussed in class. (Hoarding, BDD (Body Dysmorphic Disorder), trichotillomania, excoriation dx): Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)­ A preoccupation with some imagined defect in  appearance by someone who actually looks reasonably normal~General Pop 1­2%;  Comorbid with OCD 10%; Depression 8%~Course lifelong~Onset­ early adolescence  through 20s~Reaction to a horrible or grotesque feature~They keep checking to see if  their flaw is getting worse. The imagined defect is on their mind all the time. If they hear  someone talking, they assume people are talking about the flaw.~Two treatments    ­SSRIs   ­Exposure and response prevention Hoarding­Acquire and fail to discard limited value possessions­They assign too much  value to these possessions ­Disorganization in living space interferes with daily life­ Poorer prognosis for treatment than OCD; 10­40% of OCD have comorbid hoarding Trichotillomania­Urge to pull out hair from any body location (Could even be pulling from rug)­They show obsession with hair and the compulsion of pulling it. They may eat the  hair or run it through their teeth­Most people will wait until they are safe in their home to  do it­This is not due to any drugs like meth­Must cause clinically significant distress Excoriation Disorder­Recurrent skin picking resulting in skin lesions­Distress or  impairment­Repeated efforts to stop­3/4 female; 1.4% pre. MOSTLY FEMALE


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