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Exam 2 Material

by: Taylor Scheffing

Exam 2 Material INR2001

Taylor Scheffing

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Topics covered for Exam 2. Review guide
Introduction to International Relations
Nolan,Richard Anthony
Study Guide
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Taylor Scheffing on Monday February 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Nolan,Richard Anthony in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
EXAM 2 MATERIAL Security  High Politics  State­nation  Sovereignty  Internal  External  Armed forces and the state  Great powers/small powers  Military power and political influence  State  Legal entity that does not exist in nature  Represented by a government  Empowered to enforce rules over people in a particular  terrain  Primary objective of a state is to protect its sovereignty  Legal principle that promises freedom from the dictates of  others  Concerned with security and survival  Sovereignty  Legal Power  Actual Security  System characteristics  Security dilemma  Threat/force/war  Military spending  Arms sales­ security Anarchy Uncertainty Sovereignty Defense   High Politics   Peace and security Low politics  Economics and welfare    Security function of power  Power function of military capabilities  Last resort­ choose to fight Costly  Money is important to states Defense burden  Military spending over GDP  Military budgets roughly equal the combined budgets of about half the world High military spending is associated with poor spending in other social avenues   2/3 of arm sales are in the Middle East (11% in 1967)  United States (largest market)  Russia  China   Saudi Arabia is the number one purchaser of American weapons   6 Day War  Israel attacked everybody  Resources became political  Money spent on arms   Power  As a variable  Characteristics  As a relationship  4 factors  Calculating power  Tangible and intangible component   Subjective Objective   Capacity­ the means to get what you want Power is reciprocal, each side brings something to this relationship  Asymmetrical  A­­>B B<­­A   Power relations  Conflict of interests  B complies with A's demands  Cost compliance is less than the cost of noncompliance  Differences are extreme/states are high, force is likely   Foreign policy  Means=ends  OR means<ends  Cut commitments or increase capabilities   Calculating power  Tangible components  Geography  Population   Power  Calculating power  Tangible components  Intangible components   Tangible components  Geography  Population  Natural resources  Economic capacity  Military strength   Dependency of South on Global North for technology   ICBM  Intercontinental ballistic missile   SLBM  Submarine launched ballistic missiles    MIRV  Multiple independently targeted research vehicles   Intangibles  Political system and leadership  National morals   Theories of War  Levels of Explanation  Individual   State  System Civil War­ reasons/types  Terrorism   Why war?  Individual level explanation  Human nature  Leadership  Misperception  Loss of control  Expected utility of war  State level explanation  Economic structures  Military­industrial complex  Undemocratic regimes  Nationalism  System level explanation  Distribution of power  Power asymmetrics   Civil Wars  Reasons  Autonomy (ethnic groups)  Control of states  Failed state  Types  Internal rebellion  Secessions  Nationalist movements­ liberation movements  Ethnonational/racial hatred  Failed states   HDI  Low    Democratic peace   Terrorism   Nuclear weapons and deterrence­ conflict resolution, diplomatic concept, credibility  WMDs  Deterrence requirements  Arms control   Terrorism targets noncombatants  Transnational  Technology   Conventional Nonconventional­ because of SCALE   Nuclear winter   4 effects  Blast­ enormous release of energy  Fire  Radiation  Fall out   1 million tons TNT 1/20 of 25 megatons   Nuclear weapons and deterrence  Deterrence requirements  Arms control  Vs. disarmament  Preemptive and preventive incentives   Commitments=credible   Deterrence= capability X perceived resolve  About the ability to retaliate  Each state has to feel confident that they can retaliate  Must have that ability at your disposal at all time  Stabilize  Delivery systems  Technology   Invulnerable  Triad    Preventive strike  Based on confidence Preemptive strike  "We're about to be hit, let's hit them first"  Based on fear   No defense against ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile)   MAD= mutually assumed destruction   Nuclear Utilization Theories= NUTS   Nuclear weapons and deterrence  Arms control requirements  Threats to stable deterrence  Risks of nuclear proliferation  Crises­ 3 characteristics   SDI= strategic defense initiative   Preemptive measures can lead back to preventive measures   Crises= situations of intense conflict   3 characteristics of crisis:  Taken by surprise  Rapid response time  Vital interests at stake   SDI (strategic defense intiative)  Star wars  Supposed to shoot down ICBM   Omegaton  Construction power of a weapon  A measure of the capacity of a weapon to destroy a million tons of TNT   4 effects of nuclear blast  Fallout  Radioactive debris of a nuclear blast that can upset thousands of miles   Weak states vs. failing states  Matter of degree  Weak states are usually poor states with low capacity   Nationalism  We are us and you're not as good as us  Sense of superiority   Preventative strike  Coolly calculated   Power transition theory related to hegemonic stability theory  Hegemon is a serious distinction      


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