Study Guide PHL 100
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ajané Notetaker on Monday February 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHL 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Katz, Matthew in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Craig 1 Ajane Craig 2/29/16 PHL 100 Study Guide Terms: Be able to give/ recognize the basic definition of each of the following Cosmological Omnipotent Teleological Ontological Contingent Priori Posteriori Free Will Contology Names: Know what names are associated with what topics Aquinas Clarke Paley Anslem Craig 2 Ajane Craig 2/29/16 Things to think about: Does God exist? What's the explanation for God? Who thinks God is self caused? If the universe consists of an infinite series of dependent beings every object would be explained but not every fact. Why does this series exist, rather than an empty universe? What is the difference between cosmology and teleology? What reasons does Aquinas give on cosmology? Does he believe that there is a omnipotent higher being? Be sure to know the different "Ways" and who is responsible for each ( 3rd way, 5th way) Know what Paley's argument on teleology was vs. Aquinas argument. Be able to understand the difference of things that contingently exist vs. things that incontinently exist. Anslem: 1. God is the greatest conceivable being 2. Suppose God does not exist 3. If God does not exist then we can conceive of being that is greater than god: namely, one with all Gods qualities, plus existence 4. It's a contradiction to conceive a being greater than the greatest conceivable being 5. So our supposition (2), is false 6. Therefore, God exists! Side Notes: Problem of Evil 1. God is omniscient Craig 3 Ajane Craig 2/29/16 2. God is omnipotent 3. God is benevolent 4. There is evil/ suffering in the world However one must be false 4. sees nearly impossible to deny so (1) or (2) or (3) must be false So, if God is omniscient, then God doesn't exist Possible Measures? (Expectations why 14 can all be there after all) (1) use a test of character, faith, loyalty, etc. But why do we need to be tested? Free Will: God gives us the ability to abuse suffering, because we need suffering to appreciate good things or a world in which we share in creation is better than a world in which we don't, even though we suffer in the world we help create. Why does there have to be so much suffering? If there was less suffering would the world be better perfect?
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