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Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Robert Kessinger

Exam 2 Study Guide 1010

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > 1010 > Exam 2 Study Guide
Robert Kessinger
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History 1010 with Dr. Ray study guide for Exam 2
World History 1
Daren Ray
Study Guide
History 1010, Study Guide, Dr. Ray
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Robert Kessinger on Monday February 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 1010 at Auburn University taught by Daren Ray in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 279 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 02/22/16
Bobby Kessinger 2/21/16 History Study Guide Test 2 Week 5 Review Questions CH. 4 pp. 113-117  How did geography influence he transmission of culture in the Americas and Africa?  Chronology: North America o Civilizations developing btw 1000 and 500 BC o Dorset Culture- Northwest Canada to the Arctic o Poverty Point- Gulf of Mississippi o Foraging communities of Ohio River Valley o San Juan and Tucson basins- Southwest United States  See Maps** pg.114-117  Chronology: Africa o 1000s BC- Bantu Languages expanding southward o 750 BC- Nubian Kingdom reemerges o 500 BC- First iron foundries along Niger River o Bantu Languages reach South Africa CH. 9 pp. 263-267  How did Pacific Islanders succeed in colonizing the Pacific?  Map of Colonization of the Pacific** see pg. 264  Chronology: Polynesian Expansion o 3,000-2,000 yrs. Ago- Origins of Polynesian civilization o 600- “Take-off” of Polynesian expansion o ca. 800- Settlement of Hawaii o ca. 1000- Colonization of New Zealand CH. 4/9 Quiz Questions  Which people ventured into the Arctic wilderness of North America using  blubber­fueled soapstone lamps? o Dorset  The iron­producing Nubians of Napata and Meroe had extensive contacts with  which river empire? o Egypt  At the end of the first millennium BCE, the Garamantes started developing a slave trade across which desert? o Sahara  The Bantu languages expanded in which general direction. o From Northwest to Southwest  The two major "cultures" to settle the Pacific Ocean were o Caroline and Polynesian  The Polynesians continued to settle new islands: o to diversity their resources base, to accommodate growing populations,  and to extend economic opportunities CH. 5 Vocabulary:  Zoroastrianism­ conflicting forces of good and evil shape the world  Ahura Mazda­ the good deity of Zoro., present in fire and light   Ahriman­ night and darkness (the good of evil)  Jainism­ a way of life designed to free the soul from evil.  Prophet(Mahavira)  Nirvana­ “extinction of flame” the ultimate extinction of all sense of self  in a mystical state  Daoism­ identification of detachment from the world with the pursuit of  immortality is explicit  Messiah­ “the anointed one” chosen one of Judaism  Atomic theory­ the theory that matter is not a continuous whole, but is  composed of tiny particles  Guardians­ political power should be concentrated in a self­electing class  of philosopher­rulers  Legalism­ “goodness” was meaningless  Confucianism­ demanded that the state should liberate subjects to fulfill  their potential  Rationalism­ the doctrine that unaided reason can reach the truth and solve the world’s problems  Syllogisms­ can infer a necessary conclusion from two premises that prior  demonstration or agreement have established to be true  Stoicism­ nature is morally neutral and humans make evil and good  decisions  What was new in the thinking of the age of sages?  What were the main areas of thinking and some of the important concepts that  emerged in these areas?  Chronology: Science and Medicine o 6  Century BC­ Susutra (India) th o late 5  Century BC­ Hippocrates (Greece) o ca. 250 BC­ Archimedes (Greece) o d. 235 BC­ Xunzi (China) o ca. 200 BC­ Eratosthenes (Greece)  Chronology: Skeptics and Stoics o 4  Century BC­ Pyrrho of Ellis (Greece) o Late 4  Century BC­ Zeno of Citium (Greece) o D. st0 BC­ Epicurus (Greece) o 1  Century CE­ Wangchong (China) o 1  Century CE­ Sextus Empiricus (Rome)  How do networks, institutions, and states help explain the occurrence of the age  of sages in Eurasia? CH. 5 and Ehret Reading Quiz  Who’s Who (Southwest Asia) o Judaism­Moses o Christianity­ Jesus o Zoroastrianiam­ Zoroaster  Who’s Who S. Asia o Buddhism­ Gautama Siddharta o Jainism­ Mahavira o Brahmans­ Brahmanism  Who’s Who Philosophers o Math Cults­ Pythagoras o Skepticism­ Epicurus o Secular Philosophy­ Plato and Aristotle o Parmenides­ Rationalism  Who’s Who China o Confucianism­ Master Kong o Legalism­ Han Feizi o Daoism­ Laozi  The Jews of Jerusalem were forced to migrate to which imperial capital in the  sixth century BCE? o Babylon  Sages described in Chapter 5 came from what categories of people o professional intellectuals, political advisors, prophets, and charismatic  leaders  The religions of Niger­Congo societies included devotion to o A God, territorial spirits, and personal ancestors CH. 6  How did trade routes affect the new Eurasian empires?  Eurasian Trade map** see pg. 152  Chronology: China and the Silk Road o Ca. 500 BC­ Chinese silks appear in Europe o Ca. 139 BC­ Zhang Qian sets out for Bactria o 111 BC­ Chinese found Dunhuang o 102 BC­ Chinese invade Ferghania  What role did geography play in the rise and expansion of the Persian Empire?  Chronology: Rise and Fall of the Persian Empire o 6  Century BC­ Cyrus the Great founds Achaemenid dynasty o Early 5  Century BC­ Completion of royal road from Susa to Sardis o 490 and 480 BC­ Unsuccessful efforts to conquer Greece o 334 BC­ Alexander conquers Persian Empire  How was Rome able to conquer and rule a vast empire?  Chronology: Roman Expansion o Ca. 290 BC­ Rome reaches limit of expansion in Italy o 146 BC­ Rome destroys Carthage o 148 BC­ Rome annexes Macedon o 133 BC­ Pergamum added to Roman Empire o 51 BC­ Conquest of Gaul completed  o 30 BC­ Rome annexes Egypt o 43 CE­ Rome invades Britain o 106 CE­ Conquest of Dacia completed  What were the main characteristics and enduring legacy of Asoka’s empire?  Chronology: The Reign of Asoka o Ca. 268­232 BC­ Reign of Asoka o 260 BC­ Conquest if Kalinga o 258 BC­ Accomodation with Buddhism o ca. 200 BC­ Breakup of Asoka’s empire  How did Han rule in China differ from that of the Qin?  Chronology: The Qin and the Han o Ca. 256 BC­ Ruler of Qin discontinues imperial rites o Ca. 247 BC­ Shi Huangdi becomes ruler of Qin state; beginning of Qin  expansion o 214 BC­ Construction of Great Wall begins o 210 BC­ Death of Shi Huangdi o 206 BC­ Beginning of Han Dynasty o 141 BC­ Han Wudi becomes the Han emperor o ca. 139 BC­ Embassy f Zhang Qian to Central Asia o 220 CE­ Collapse of Han dynasty  Chronologrd The Han and the Xiongnu o 3  Century BC­ First xiongnu state emerges o ca. 176 BC­ Xiongnu conquers Gansu o 127­120 BC­ Chinese mount successful operations against the Xiongnu o 78­94 CE­ Ban Zhao leads celebrated campaigns against the Xiongnu  How and why did significant states emerge beyond the great empires? CH. 6 Reading Quiz  True or False: Roman and Chinese emperors corresponded with each other  personally. o False  Vocab Check o Empire­ A state that binds many political communities in allegiance to a  single source of authority o Ahura Mazda­ the Zoroastrain God o Dunhuang­ a Chinese outpost on the Silk roads o Greek name of the Indian Ocean­ Eryhraen Sea  Why did the Romans and other Europeans have to pay for Chinese goods with  gold and silver? o They had few products to trade that Asians wanted  Who founded the Persian Empire? o Cyrus the Great  When Rome was first founded, what was its greatest resource? o Warriors  What was Rome's most vulnerable border? o North towards the Germanic Tribes  Which of the following was a political title in Rome? o Consul, tribune, and imperator  Asoka converted to what religion after conquering most of India? o Buddhism  Shi Huangdi was an emperor in which dynasty? o Qin Comparing Silk Road and the Erythraean Sea  How does commerce over sea differ from commerce over land?  Why do traders need to know about the politics of the places they enter?  Why did they need to know about the products available?  What other logistics need to be managed to engage in commerce?  How does the merchant’s handbook (the Periplus) differ from the Chinese court  chronicles?  Chinese court chronicles were called Jih­Li which means Daily Chronicles Commerce over Land and Sea Reading Quiz  Match Chinese names with English placenames: o Ta­t’sin­ Rome o Ar­Hsi­ Parthia o T’iao­Chih­ Babylon o Zhongguo­ China o Hai­hsi­ Egypt  What impressed the Chinese in the reports they heard about Rome? o Kings chosen by merit instead of lineage, Government archives, and  Smooth succession between rulers  Why did the Chinese emissary Kan­Ying not proceed to Rome o He was told the sea causes fatal homesickness CH. 7  What difficulties did the Western Roman Empire face?  See Western Roman Empire and its Invaders Map** pg. 187  Chronology: The Transformation of Empire in the West o 162­180­ Reign of Emporer Marcus Aurellius o 3  and 4  Century­ Germanis migrants enter empire in increasing numbers o 323­ Founding of Constantinople o 378­ Battle of Adrianople, Roman Emperor killed th o Late 4  Century­ Huns break out of Central Asia o 410­ Visigoths sack Rome o 476­ Last co­emporer in the west deposed  The Barbarian West ca. 526 Map** see pg. 190  Why was China better adapted for long­term survival than Rome or India?  Making Connections:  Rome: o Geography­ Long land frontier and narrow sea lanes impede movement of  troops and info o Culture­ Germanic peoples beyond empire’s borders covet Roman wealth,  with prosperity gap leading to envy and hostility; limited identification by  barbarians with Rome o Economy­ Adverse balance of trade drains wealth out of empire  China:  o Geography­ Round shape ensures that centrally located armies can get  quickly to any point on frontier; numerous rivers and canals facilitate  communication o Culture­ Subject peoples embrace Chinese identity; barbarian immigrants  adopt Chinese customs and language o Economy­ Size, productivity, and technical inventiveness lead to self­ sufficiency  Chronology: The End of Dynasties in China and India o 220­ Last Han emperor forced to abdicate o 304­ Contenders for Chinese throne call in barbarian armies o 415­ Huns begin to infiltrate India o ca. 467­ Demise of Gupta Empire  How did some new states in Asia indirectly benefit from the steppelanders’  invasions?  What were the bases of Ethiopia’s prosperity?  Chronology: The Rise of Ethiopia o 340s­ Spread of Christianity in Ethiopia o Early 6  Century­ King Kaleb begins conquest of southern Arabia o 530s­ Environmental crisis undermines control of Southern Arabia  What were the crises of the sixth and seventh centuries?  What were the results of Justinian’s attempts to reunify the Roman Empire?  Who were the “new barbarians”?  How were the Arabs able to conquer a vast empire so quickly?  How did Islam shape the politics of the Muslim world?  Chronology: Islamic Expansion o 570­632­ Life of Muhammad o 630­early 650s­ Muslim conquest of Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and  Persian Empire o ca. 700­ Muslim conquest of North America o ca. 715­ Muslim conquest of Spain o 751­ Battle of Talas; Arabs victorious against Chinese  What were the achievements of the Tang dynasty?  How did Tibet and Japan differ in their relationships with China in the seventh  and eighth centuries? CH. 7 Reading Quiz  Islam Vocab o Quran­ Islamic Scriptures o Caliph­ successor to Prophet Muhammad o Shia­ political faction supporting Ali nephew of Muhammad o Sharia­ Islamic Law  What is one of the two ways Japan solved the problem of succession? o Emperors abdicated before death and chose their successor  The Eastern Roman Empire is commonly called: o Byzantium  The Vandals ext. a kingdom in: o North Africa  Japan adopted Buddhism from: o Korea  Muhammad, the Islamic Prophet, was from: o The Arabian Peninsula  True or False: Pastoralists who invaded China from the steppe lands usually  adopted Chinese language and culture: o True  Which of the following was NOT a kingdom in the Korean Peninsula? o Yamato  What contributed to Ethiopia’s success? o Economic base of agricultural surplus, adoption of Christianity as its  official ideology, and strategic trading position of its port on the Indian  Ocean CH. 8  Vocabulary: o Jihad­ “striving” o Dharma­ the teachings of Buddha o Manichaeanism­ religion of obscure origin, probably rooted in a heretical  form of Zoroastrianism o Shinto­ “way of the gods” o Bon­ similar and heavily indebted to Buddhism o Sati­ the burning to death of a widow on her husband’s funeral pyre  o Lotus Sutra­ most famous of Buddhist scriptures  What role did war and commerce each play in spreading religion in parts of  Eurasia and Africa??  See Rise of World Religions Map** pg. 217  Chronology: War, Trade, and Religion o 366­ Founding of Dunhuang th th o 7  and 8thCenturies­ Rapid Islamic expansion o mid­8  century­ Uighurs adopt Manichaeanism o 9  century­ Seaborne pilgrims begin to arrive in Mecca; Muslim merchant  communities thrive in major Chinese ports and in East African ports th o mid­11  century­ King Anuruddha introduces Buddhism to Burma; Islam  begins to penetrate West Africa  What are some examples of ways in which kings’ conversion to Christianity or  Buddhism mutually benefitted kings and missionaries?  Chronology: Early Conversions to Christianity o 312­ Emperor Constantine of Rome o ca. 301­314­ King Trdat of Armenia o ca. 325­ Georgia (King Mirian and Queen Nana) o 340s­ King Ezana of Ethiopia  Chronology: The Intro. Of Buddhism in Korea and Japan th o Late 4  century­ Chinese refugees introduce Buddhism in Koguryo o Ca. 520­530­ Kings of Paekche and Silia convert to Buddhism o 538­ First image of Buddha arrives in Japan o 574­622­ prince Shotoku, first great royal patron of Buddhism th o 7  century­ Rapid expansion of Buddhism in Japan under royal patronage  Chronology: The Spread of Christianity o Ca. 500­ Clovis, king of the Franks, converts to Christianity o 960s­ Harold Bluetooth of Denmark converts o 966­ Conversion of King Mieszko of Poland o ca. 988­ Vladimir of Kiev adopts Orthodox Christianity o ca. 997­ Norway adopts Christianity o 1000­ Iceland adopts Christianity o 1001­ Coronation of Stephen of Hungary as a Christian monarch  What were the methods by which, once adopted by rulers, Christianity and Islam  gained followers?  What role did monasticism play in world religions?  Chronology: Early Monasticism o Ca. 250­ Zhu Shixing is the first Chinese to be ordained Buddhist priest o 2  century­ Earliest Christian monastic communities (Egypt) o 6  century­ Life of Saint Benedict o 7  century­ Abbess Hilda rules important religious establishments th o late 8  century­ Rabia al­Adawiyya, Islamic Sufi mystic CH. 8 Reading Quiz  “There is no compulsion in religion” is a quote from which sacred text? o Quran  True or False: Non­Muslims in early Muslim states had to pay a special tax but  were forced to convert. o True  Long distance trade was relatively unimportant in diffusing which religion? o Christianity  Manicheaism, which teaches that the universe is divided into good and evil, was  likely a deviation from: o Zoroastrianism  Which of the following states converted to Christianity to strengthen their alliance with (Eastern) Rome? o Lazica (aka Georgia)  Who is regarded as the first royal patron of Buddhism in Japan? o Prince Shotoku  True or False: During the post­Classical Era, Buddhism gradually replaced  Hinduism as the major religion in India. o False  Match the Christian Ruler with his country/people o Vladimir­ The Rus o Trdat­ Armenia o Ezana­ Axum/Ethiopia o Thoregeirr Thorkelsson­ Norse  Benedict was a famous o Christian Monk  The first Muslims were: o Arabs CH. 9  How did geography influence the transmission of culture in sub­Saharan Africa  and the Americas?  Chronology: Civilizations of the Americas ca. 200­1200 o Ca. 200­800­ Flourishing of Moche and Nazca civilizations o Ca. 200­1000­ Maya Classic Age (lowlands) o 1000­ Andean city of Tiahuanaco abandoned o ca. 1106­1200­ Tula abandoned  What were the environmental consequences of the Islamic conquests?  What were the particular environmental challenges in Japan and the names used  to address them?  How did policy in Indian kingdoms and in China promote exploitation of the  environment  Chronology: population of China, 730­1000 o 730­ Vagrant families ordered to resettle in agricultural colonies o 734­ Rice cultivation on the Huai River o 750­ China’s population is 50 million o mid­8  century­ one­third of China’s population lives in the Huai and the  Yangzte valleys th o 11  century­ Half of China’s population lives in the Huai and Yangzte  valleys  What were the economic bases for the growth of kingdoms in Southeast Asia?  How did Pacific Islanders succeed in colonizing the Pacific?  Chronology: Polynesian Expansion o 3,000­2,000 yrs ago­ Origins of Polynesian civilization o 600­ “Take­off” of Polynesian expansion o ca. 800­ Settlement of Hawaii o ca.1000­ Colonization of New Zealand  Where did Christendom expand in the 8  and 9  centuries?  See Expansion of Christendom Map** pg. 269 CH. 9 Reading Quiz  Which of the following American civilizations was divided into competing city­ states? o Maya  Which of the following foods in English is NOT based on an Arabic word? o Lemon, Sugar, and Cotton  The Buddhist monk Gyoki was famous in Japan for: o Building bridges and Roads  How did the Tang Dynasty encourage an increase in food production in China? o Broke up large land­holdings and distributed the land among taxpayers,  Stabilized the price of grain using storehouses, and Introduced new strains  of rice taken from conquered territories  Which state or people in Southeast Asia relied on harbor tolls, piracy, and  commerce with China to sustain its economy? o Srivijaya  Who first settled Hawai'i o Polynesians  Which of the following post­classical two leaders claimed to be the successors of  the Roman Emperors o Charlemagne and Boris  Fernandez­Armesto (the textbook author) suggests that world history is best  thought of as: o Similar to climate change  Which African state grew wealthy through trade across the Sahara desert? o Ghana


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All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.