Study Guide for Exam 1
Study Guide for Exam 1 BZ 220
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Parks on Monday February 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BZ 220 at Colorado State University taught by Angeloni, Lisa Maria in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 183 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Evolution in Biology at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Study Guide Exam 1 Intro to Evolution Know what evolution is and the effects Know what Macroevolution and Microevolution is Know the applications of evolution o Diseases, agriculture, natural products etc. Know the essentials of scientific inquiry Know what the scientific method is Know what Natural selection is Define o Homology o Fact o Law o Hypothesis o Theory Know the overall idea of evolution and religion Know the 4 different hypotheses and 1. No change in evolution, all species remain the same 2. Extinction exists 3. Extinction occurs, lineages change over time 4. Complex tree of life, extinctions, changes in lineages and common descent Fossils o Know where is best to find them Sedimentary Low energy environment Prompt burial in anaerobic Basic soils o How they get discovered Must be preserved before decomposition Must be seen Must be found Bones and teeth o Different modes of preservation Carbon replica Casts Mineralization Amber or ice o Time Know what relative dating is Know what radioactive dating is and how it happens o Know the Law of succession o Know what transitional forms are o Know what a Vestigial trait is o Know what pseudogenes are Need to know people and what they did o Cuvier o Linnaeus o Lamarck o Lyell o Malthus o Darwin o Wallace Know the 4 postulates Know the major points of Darwin’s Origin of Species Know absolute and relative fitness and how to find them Vocab o Gene: sequence of DNA that codes for protein of RNA o Locus: position of gene on chromosome o Allele: one of the alternative forms of a single gene o Homozygous: in diploid organisms, an individual with the same allele on both chromosomes o Heterozygous: in diploid organisms, an individual with different alleles on each chromosomes o Genotype: genetic expression of gene o Phenotype: physical expression of genotype in particular environment o Segregation: alleles that stay separate and don’t join to make something new o Independent assortment: two unlinked genes are inherited independently of each other during meiosis Gamete contain a random assortment of combinations of alleles across different genes on different chromosomes Know the 2 tissues and the theories that support each one What is blending inheritance? Explain the early criticisms of Natural selection Know Mendel’s Pea experiment and the parts of it (dominant, recessive) What did Hugo De Vries contribute? What is discrete and continuous variation? o Who supported which side? o What were the factors of continuous variation? o What is epistasis? Know what mutations are and the different kinds o Substitutions o Insertions and deletions o Synonymous vs. nonsynonymous o Chromosome inversion o Translocation o Polyploidy o Neutral mutations What is allelic diversity? What is heterozygosity? What is allele and genotype frequency? What is the Hardy- Weinberg Equilibrium Principle and the assumptions o How do you test it? o How do you calculate the frequencies?
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