SPP 101 chapters 9-13
SPP 101 chapters 9-13 SPP 101
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashley hughes on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPP 101 at West Chester University of Pennsylvania taught by Supraja Anand in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Intro to Communication Sciences and Disorders in Language at West Chester University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Chapter 9 Definitions: Consistency Effect- the greater-than-chance tendency for stutterers to stutterers to stutter on words to stutter on words that they stuttered on previously. Expectancy Phenomenon-the ability of stutterers to predict moments of stuttering with greater-than- chance accuracy. Secondary Behaviors- behaviors that accompany moments of stuttering, particularly those of adults (ex. Using interjections or eye blinking) Also referred to as secondaries. Diagnosogenic Theory- an anticipatory struggle theory for stuttering that states that the disorder is precipitated by parents diagnosing normal childhood syllable repetitions as stuttering and encouraging the child to avoid repeating them. Cluttering- a fluency disorder in which the person speaks very rapidly and hesitates a great deal because of doing so. Also referred to as tachyphemia. Chapter 9 Concepts: Types of disfluencies- syllable repetition and interjections Situational variability in stuttering- public speaking, speaking to authority. Less stutter when singing or talking to animals Difference between psychogenic and neurogenic stuttering- Psychogenic: stuttering caused by psychological event. Neurogenic: damage to the CNS situational stuttering is less Chapter 10 Definitions: Waveform- the manner in which particles of air that are perceived as sound vibrate. There is a unique vibration pattern for each speech sound. Otitis Media- inflammation of the middle ear. Cholesteotoma- type of tumor that can occur in the middle ear and cause conductive hearing loss. Otosclerosis- the stapes become fixated in the oval window, causing conductive hearing loss. Ossicular Chain Discontinuity- one of the three bones breaks or becomes disconnected from the other two. Resulting in conductive hearing loss. Tinnitus- constant ringing, whistling, or roaring sound that appears to the person experiencing it to be located in one or both ears or somewhere in the head. Presbycusis- sensorimotor hearing loss resulting from the effect of the aging process on the inner ear. Chapter 10 Concepts: Types of tones/waves- Sine Wave: wave form for a pure tone Pure Tone: particles of air vibrate Parts of the ear and their functions Outer Ear Auricle: projecting portion of the outer ear. Acts as a funnel to direct sound-induced vibration of air particles into the ear canal. External Auditory Meatus: ear canal. Contains the cilia and ceruminous glands. Cilia: small hairs Ceruminous Glands: glands that secrete cerumen. Cerumen: ear wax. Tympanic Membrane: ear drum, separates the outer ear from the middle ear. Middle Ear Malleus: The first of three tiny bones in the middle ear (hammer) attached to the ear drum. Incus: The second of the three bones in the middle ear (anvil) attached to the oval window. Stapes: The third of the three bones in the middle ear (stirrup) the smallest bone in the human body. Ossicular Chain: The three tiny bones in the middle ear. Oval Window: The membrane that separates the middle ear from the inner ear. Located in the bony wall that separates the middle ear from the inner ear. Eustachian Tube: A hollow structure that connects the middle ear to the back wall of the throat. Aerates the middle ear so that the air pressure behind the eardrum equals that in front of it Inner Ear Semicircular Canals: responsible for the detection of rotation (balance and equilibrium) Vestibule: responsible for detection of linear acceleration and gravity (balance) Cochlea: responsible for hearing. Contains many microscopic structures that transduce sound-induced vibration into a form of electrochemical energy. Transduce: convert energy from one form into another. Auditory Nerve: transmits electrochemical generated by the inner ear to the central auditory nervous system. Difference between types of hearing loss- Conductive: Sensorineural: Chapter 11 Definitions: Threshold- lowest intensity level that a person hears for a frequency. Audiogram- graph for plotting the results of a hearing test that was administered with a pure-tone audiometer. Tympanometry- the measurement of the energy of a sound signal reflected by the tympanic membrane at different levels of pressure. Cochlear Implant- surgically implanted inner ear prosthesis that can enable persons who are deaf to hear some sounds. Chapter 11 Concepts: Types of hearing testing (pure tone audiometry primarily)- Types of management strategies- Differentiate ASL and SEE ASL: visual-gestural language used as a primary mode of communication by people with hearing loss. SEE: manual communication system based on spoken English. Chapter 13 Definitions: Individualized Education Program (IEP)- a program developed for each child who is eligible for special education, based on the child’s unique needs, to provide the student with a free, appropriate, public education. IEP contains a statement of the child’s present level of performance, educational needs, and measurable goals and objectives. Viewed at least annually. Paraprofessionals- people who assist professionals in a particular field. Evidence Based Practice- Chapter 13 Concepts: Process of obtaining certification-
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