History of Psychology STUDY GUIDE: TEST 3
History of Psychology STUDY GUIDE: TEST 3 PSYCH 4013
Arkansas Tech University
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Katherine Notetaker on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 4013 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. David M. Osburn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see History of Psychology in Psychlogy at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
H ERGENHAHN ’S AN NTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY , 6E C HAPTER 5 Empiricism, Sensationalism, and Positivism STUDY GUIDE 5.1 Understand the basic tenets of empiricism. 5.2 Be familiar with the ideas and conceptions of the British empiricists. 1. Thomas Hobbes 1. Humans are machines functioning within a larger machine, the universe 2. Role of government 3. All ideas come from experience 4. Explanations of materialism, psychological phenomena, and motivation 5. Explanation of motivation, denial of free will, and complex thought processes 2. John Locke 1. All ideas come from experience 2. Sensation and reflection 3. Simple and complex ideas 4. Emotions 5. Primary and secondary qualities 6. Association of ideas 7. Education 8. Government 3. George Berkeley 1. Opposition to materialism 2. “To be is to be perceived” 3. Secondary qualities 4. Principle of association 5. Theory of distance perception 4. David Hume H ERGENHAHN S A N INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY , E 1. Goal – to create science of human nature 2. Impressions, simple and complex ideas, and imagination 3. Association of ideas 4. Analysis of causation 5. Analysis of mind and self 6. Emotions 5. David Hartley 1. Goal was to synthesize Newton’s conception of nerve transmission with previous versions of empiricism 2. Explanation of association 3. Simple and complex ideas and emotion 6. James Mill 1. Utilitarianism and association 2. Analysis of association 7. John Stuart Mill 1. Mental chemistry vs. mental physics 2. Science of human nature 3. Science of ethology 4. Social reform 8. Alexander Bain 1. Goal was to describe the physiological correlates of mental and behavioral 2. Phenomena 3. Laws of association and voluntary behavior 5.3 Be familiar with the ideas of the French sensationalists. 1. Pierre Gassendi 1. Goal was to replace Descartes’s deductive, dualistic philosophy with inductive science based on physical monism 2. Julien de La Mettrie 1. Man is a machine; humans and animals differ only in degree H ERGENHAHN ’S AN NTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY , 6E 2. Acceptance of materialism 3. Etienne Bonnet de Condillac 1. Mind’s attributes result from the ability to sense, to remember, and to experience pleasure and pain 4. Claude Helvétius 1. Explored implication of empiricism and sensationalism 5.4 Understand the tenets of positivism and the concepts of the positivists. 1. Auguste Comte 1. Positivism equates knowledge with empirical public observations 2. Law of three stages 3. Proposed a religion of humanity and a hierarchy of science 2. Ernst Mach – a second form of positivism C HAPTER 6 Rationalism STUDY GUIDE 6.1 Understand the basic differences in viewpoints between the empiricists and rationalists. 6.2 Be familiar with Spinoza’s view on the nature of God, mindbody relationship, determinism and free will, selfpreservation, and emotion. 6.3 Be aware of the concept of occasionalism of Malebranche. 6.4 Be acquainted with the views of Leibniz, including monadology, mindbody relationship, and conscious and unconscious perception. H ERGENHAHN S A N NTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY , E 6.5 Be familiar with the common sense, direct realism, and faculty psychology of Thomas Reid. 6.6 Be acquainted with Kant’s categories of thought, views on mental experience, perception of time and space, and categorical imperative. 6.7 Be familiar with Herbart’s views on psychology as a science, psychic mechanics, apperceptive mass, and educational psychology. 6.8 Be aware of Hegel’s views, including The Absolute, and the dialectic process. **Even though these are the main points I suggest to study every slide
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