Chapter 7 Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kortney Keane on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Iowa Central Community College taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 301 views.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Kortney Keane Developmental Psychology—Middle and Late Childhood Study Guide Ch. 7 Introduction: Read pg. 188. Think back to your elementary school years. You may remember kids who were overweight and out of shape. You may remember the kids who were chosen last for the teams at recess. Childhood obesity has become a national issue drawing national attention. In the last chapter, the author mentioned that many schools are eliminating recess in order to spend more time on academics. nd 1. Accidents remain the leading cause of death in children. What is the 2 leading cause of death for this age group? Cancer. 2. List and discuss at least 3 environmental factors contributing to the rise in obesity in children. Availability of food When there is food around to eat, children eat it. Declining physical activity When children eat but have no physical activity, they don’t have any way to burn off the calories that they are eating. Parents eating habits The children eat what the parents eat. If the parents are always going out to fast food places then that’s where the kids will be eating. 3. Discuss the possible causes of ADHD. Inheritance from their parents, damage to their brain during prenatal or postnatal development, cigarette and alcohol exposure, or high levels of maternal stress during prenatal development, also low birth weight. 4. Explain the progression of Public Law 94142 from its original passage in 1975 to the present mandates of 2004. What does it mandate? It started by requiring that all handicapped children be given a free appropriate public education. As of 2004, it mandates that children with disabilities of all kinds be provided an education. The services include evaluation and eligibility determination, appropriate education and an individualized education plan, and an education in the least restrictive environment. 5. Review and list the first 3 stages in Piaget’s Cognitive theory. (See pg. 19 if you need to review these stages.) Explain at least three advancements in thought during the concrete operational stage. Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational. In the concrete operation stage children can perform operations that involve objects, they can reason logically about specific or concrete examples. 6. Contrast critical thinking and creative thinking. Which type of thinking do you think typical classrooms encourage? Critical thinking involves thinking reflectively and productively, and evaluating evidence. Creative thinking is the ability to think in novel and unusual ways and to come up with unique solutions to problems. I think the type of thinking determines on the age of the students. I think the younger students are encouraged to think more creatively while the upper level students are encouraged to think more critically. 7. How is a person’s IQ figured according to the StanfordBinet scale? A person’s mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100. Kortney Keane 8. List the 3 forms of intelligence according to Sternberg and discuss how a child with each of these might be viewed in a classroom. Analytical Intelligence refers to the ability to analyze, judge, evaluate, compare, and contrast. (Would most likely be good at reading) Creative Intelligence consists of the ability to create, design, invent, originate, and imagine. (Would most likely be good at writing and art) Practical Intelligence involves the ability to use, apply, implement, and put ideas into practice. (Would most likely be good at math and science) 9. Of the 8 types of intelligences listed under Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences, which do you think you are strongest in? Why? I am very bodilykinesthetic. I learn by doing things myself. I was in dance for 15 years so I know how my body moves. I get bored if I don’t keep moving throughout the day. 10. Contrast the two strategies your book presents for how kids should be taught to read. Which best describes the way you were taught to read? Whole language approach stresses that reading instruction should parallel children’s natural language learning. Phonics approachemphasizes that reading instruction should teach basic rules for translating written symbols into sounds. I was taught to read by the phonics approach. 11. FYI: there are reportedly 23,800 kids in the Iowa school system who are “English Language Learners”. When is it best to begin learning a second language? When, if at all, did you first begin to learn a second language? Was it at the time research says is best? (3 pts.) There are sensitive periods for learning a second language. These sensitive periods likely vary across different areas of language. Children who are learning a second language have a decreased likelihood of being able to pronounce words with a nativelike accent after the age of about 1012. I started taking Spanish in my freshman year of high school. I was really good at vocabulary but terrible at grammar. If I wanted to be somewhat fluent in Spanish, I should have started at a younger age. 12. Do you think society should be concerned about kids who are gifted? What are schools doing (or not doing) to enhance the intelligence of the gifted? (3 pts.) I think that gifted kids are very important to our society. I think that schools should pay special attention to gifted students in all areas, not only academic. I know that my elementary and middle school had a T.A.G. (Talented and Gifted) program. I don’t know how common that is in other schools. I think all schools should have a program like that.
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