Chapter 13 Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kortney Keane on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Iowa Central Community College taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
Kortney Keane Developmental Psychology Study Guide Ch. 13 Introduction: Make sure you YouTube the song “Time in a Bottle” by Jim Croce. Bet most of your parents will recognize it! 1. How (or at what age) would you define middleage? Statistically, at what age would you reach “middle age”? How has that definition changed since the early 1900’s? I personally think middle age would be about 45. Statistically middle adulthood beings at about 39. Most 39 year old’s don’t like to think of themselves as middleaged. This is different from the 1900’s because today, people have a longer life expectancy. 2. By what shape is the age structure of our population being represented now—and how does that compare to what it was in previous decades? What is most likely the cause of this change? If I understand this question correctly, there are more middle aged people now than before because of the changed life expectancy and the baby boomers. 3. Study the physical changes that are typical for the Middle Adulthood years. Comment on some common changes that occur physically. As you age you experience physical changes. Common physical changes include wrinkles, sagging skin, loss of height, and weight gain. 4. What are the leading causes of death in middle age? The leading cause of death is currently cancer, followed by cardiovascular disease. 5. Define menopause. Is there validity in a “male menopause”? This is a period in middle age, usually around the late 40’s, when a women’s menstrual cycle ends completely. Males do experience changes in middle age but not as much as women do. They experience about a one percent drop in testosterone every year. 6. Differentiate between fluid and crystallized intelligence. What happens to both in middle age? Crystallized intelligence An individual’s verbal skills and accumulated knowledge. This increases as you age. Fluid intelligence One’s ability to reason abstractly. This decreases as you age. 7. Explain changes that take place in information processing during middle age. The speed of information processing decreases. Memory declines during middle adulthood. Expertise is often reached. 8. How is religion related to health? Give three reasons to support your answer. Some studies have shown that people who practice a religion have a longer life. This is because these people are less likely to abuse drugs. This is categorized as lifestyle issues. The next is social networks. Religious groups and clubs offer a chance for people to socialize which is beneficial to your health. The third reason is that religion helps you cope with stress. It offers a source of comfort and support during stressful times. 9. Discuss your current leisure interests. Also indicate and explain which of these interests you expect to change and which you expect to remain stable as you age. Will any of these interests eventually help you bridge the transition to retirement some day? (3 pts.) I enjoy dancing, painting, and photography. I will not be able to dance my whole life, obviously. I do hope to continue painting and photography, though. I can see them helping me transition into retirement. Kortney Keane 10. What would you tell someone who confides in you that they are turning 40 years old and have heard that everything begins to fall apart after 40? Include facts, statistics, etc. from this chapter that would reassure them life can be good…. Even at the age of 40! (3 pts.) Studies show that those who are active in religion live happier lives. Finding the meaning of life is also important. Those who know the meaning of life are also proven to be happier than their counterparts. People also have more motivation to live healthier and take care of themselves if they know the meaning to their life. 11. Did you listen to “Time in a Bottle” by Jim Croce? Explain the meaning of this song and why it’s applicable to this age group. (3 pts.) This group of people are realizing that they aren’t so young anymore. They realize that they don’t have a lifetime ahead of them anymore. They want to cherish every moment they have and don’t want to waste any time on wishing and hoping. They want to make things happen and make them count.
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