Midterm Study Guide
Midterm Study Guide JAPN315
Cal State Fullerton
Popular in Intro to Japanese Civilization
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Denise Gomez on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to JAPN315 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Dr. Kazuha Watanabe in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 123 views. For similar materials see Intro to Japanese Civilization in Japanese at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 02/23/16
JAPN 315 Study guide for midterm exam 1 Please review the following topics (this is not an exhaustive list; this is just to give you an idea to see what sort of things you should study for the exam.) Good luck! Answers will be in this color! Additional information will be in this color! 1) What sort of basic geographic info did we learn? (you don’t have to remember the exact numbers for the area and population of Japan) . (JP) 145,834 square miles < (CA, USA) 163,696 square miles (JP) 70% mountainous > (USA) 1/25 mountainous (JP population) 127,767,994 > (CA, USA population) 36,457,549 < (USA population) 199,398,484 Japan’s sides are marked by the islands: (North) Etoro Island (West) Yonaguni Japan (East) Minami tori (South) Okino tori *Also keep in mind the countries it’s surrounded by in case she asks during midterm! 2) Where are the Japanese mythology written? Who created Japan according to the mythology? How did they create Japan? What happened to them? Where did they go? What did sun goddess and storm god do? What is the significance of three divine items? (714) Kojiki written by Hidano Arei & Oono Yasumaro OR (many theories speculate..) (720) Nihongi/Nihonshoki written by Toneri Shinnou, ‘Shinnou’ is closest to the king during that period The 2 Gods in Takamaga hara; Izanagi & Izanami Salty water + hook (spear) = islands (made in middle of a marsh, rich, soil fertile) Izanami dies after giving birth to Izanagi’s son; fire god Kagutsuchi. When a god/goddess dies, they are to go to the Yumi (underworld). Izanagi longed for his Izanami that he goes into the Yumi through Yomotsuhirasaka (gate). But not knowing the consequences of seeing his decaying wife, out of terror from the sight he runs away and blocks the entrance with a rock called michigaeshino ookami. Seeing the sight of his decaying wife caused him to feel impure, unclean so he cleanses himself in which new gods/goddesses were born: Left eye; Amaterasu the Sun Goddess, Right eye; Tsukuyomi the Moon God, & nose; Susano wono mikoto the Storm God. Amaterasu, a warm natured goddess & Susano, a cold trickster god clashed violently to the point Amaterasu no longer could stand Susano that she secluded herself and her warm light in a cave called Amano Iwato. The Gods, needed her light so they lured her by offerings, festive dancing & merrymaking. Offerings included Yasakanino magatama (jewel) & Yatano kagami (mirror). After overhearing the Gods talk about a new beautiful sun goddess, she fell for their trick and they seal the cave with a sacred rope (the very same rope seen in a few Shino shrines) after pulling her out. The Gods exiled Sasano to Toyo ashiharano nakatsukuni (Earth) as punishment. Susa no enters Earth to see an elderly couple weeping over the creature’s desire for their 8 last daughter when he has already taken her other sisters. After having a sight of their last beautiful daughter, Susano agrees to defeat Yamatono orochi (8 headed snake w/ 4 tails) & requests carts of sake to trick Yamato. While Yamato enjoys his beverage, Susa no grabs the sword (Ameno murakumi no tsurugi) found in Yamato’s tail and smites him. He later presents the sword to Amaterasu as an apology to which she accepts. She offers him to return to their land but he refuses and wishes to stay on Earth with his new bride Kushinada hime. Time passed by and Amaterasu sends her grandson Ninigino mikoto to Earth to rule. He brings with him the three divine items as proof that he is a powerful descendent of Amaterasu: Yatano kagami (mirror used as an offering to Amaterasu when she secluded herself), Yasamanino magatama (jewel another offering used to lure Amaterasu out of her seclusion), & Ameno murakumino tsurugi (sword). These three divine items were passed on by their descendents; Ninigono mikoto’s great grandson is supposedly the first emperor “Jinmu tenno” thus began that only emperors can see and hold these divine items. 3) What were the difference between Jomon pottery and Yayoi pottery? Jomon Yayoi Simpler pottery Various pottery Urushi nuri (lacquered pottery) Most were found in Northern Japan Found in majority locations 4) What sorts of objects were found in an excavation of a Jomon village? How about in a Yayoi village? In Jomon villages they find doguu, shell middens, shell jewelry (ibaraki), yarisakigata sentouki (sacred stone) In Yayoi villages they find rice, irrigation systems, yayoi farming, kuwa (hoe), ishi bouchou (stone knife), bronze (doutaki/bell), iron tools 5) The pottery made in the earlier Jomon period differs from the later ones. How so? Earlier Jomon period had their pottery as mumon (no pattern), otsugata mon (nail pattern), & oshiatsu mon (thumb print). 6) How did Yayoi people bury the dead? Burial grounds, holes they place the vase/pot to fit the dead. Those who were wealthy were buried by laying by their spouse and surrounded by small walls or stones 7) Is there any difference between the lifestyle of Jomon people and that of Yayoi people? If so, what are the differences? Jomon people were hunter & gatherers, pretty small villages along with friendly tolerance Yayoi people moved in later on as farmers, expanded their villages with ruthless defenses against anyone who trespasses. 8) What happened to Jomon and Yayoi people after the Jomon and Yayoi periods? Jomon people were kept driven away by the Yayoi people up north. Some speculate there are the ancestors of the modernday Ainu people who live in Hokkaido. Ainu are Japanese but grow more facial hair than native Japanese, have a smile tattoo over their mouths just like how few sources indicate the Jomon’s practice, & wear the similar jewelry as the Jomons did long ago. The Yayoi people are to be believed as modernday native Japanese (in which case over time, they expanded their village all over Japan). The native Japanese do not possess facial hair like the Yayoi, do not have creased eyes as they do, and live by the same agricultural tradition the Yayoi introduced, rice faming. 9) Where did the new technologies such as silk making and weaving come during the early period of Japanese history? Who brought such technologies? Brought by the Asian immigrants, wetrice cultivation, iron making, & magicoreligious ideas. It is believed to be province for the women for the founder of it would be one that is divine as Amaterasu or similar shaman the Queen of the West. 10) What is uji? Uji gami? Kabane? Uji is a clan during the Kofun period. Uji gami is a spirit or entity of a certain place in Shinto religion. Kabane was a naming system used in each clan to mark their rank in political standings. 11) Who brought Kanji/Chinese characters to Japan? Brought by the Koreans who were studying the Chinese scriptures or Buddhist text in Chinese. 12) What is Kofun? What do you find in Kofun? How are they shaped? What is Yama Taikoku? Who is Himiko? Who documented Yama taikoku and Himiko? Kofun = burial mounds Bodies, skeletons & some with broken pottery or shell mounds/jewelry Shaped differently but most common ones are keyholeshaped The Chinese documented Himiko in The History of Wei, & Yama taikoku is the supposed land Himiko ruled in Japan. 13) Where was the capital located during the Asuka period? Who is Suiko Tenno? Who is Shotoku Taishi? What did he do? What are the names of the temple that Shotoku Taishi built? Asuka (modernday Nara) was the capital. Suiko Tenno was the 33 empress, first to use the word ‘tenno’ & her uncle Sogano Umako supported her in ideal of Buddhism Shotoku Taishi was Suiko Tenno’s nephew who established Kan’i Junikai (12 rankings based on hats) and Junanajo/Jushichijo Kenpo (Constitution of Seventeen Aricles: Confucianism influenced, Buddhism respected, ethics for nobles/bureaucrats). ambassador Onono Imoko to Sui (delivering a letter to Chinese emperor Yodai) One of the temples he built was called Horyuji in Ikaruga 670s & enlisted in modern day’s UNESCO’s world heritage of the oldest wooden temple. 14) What was the relationship between Japan and China like during the Asuka period? Who sent the letter to the Chinese Emperor Yodai? What happened when the emperor received the letter? Shotoku Taishi sent his ambassador ambassador Onono Imoko to Sui (delivering a letter to Chinese emperor Yodai). However, Yodai became furious because the Chinese belief system suggested that there can only be one true emperor, no other. So the thought of another emperor (Shotoku) sending a letter as if he was as divinely equal as Yodai got to him. So instead of ‘returning the peaceful letter from the Chinese emperor to Shotoku’ Onono lied to Shotoku, making him believe that the ‘peaceful response letter from Yodai’ was washed away at sea. Japan gain heavily influence from the Chinese but never laid their subordinates under China. The two didn’t really seem to get along.
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