SOCI1025 Courtship and Marriage- Test One Study Guide
SOCI1025 Courtship and Marriage- Test One Study Guide SOCI1025
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Karlie on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCI1025 at East Carolina University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 113 views. For similar materials see Courtship and Marriage in Sociology at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/24/16
SOCI1025: Courtship and Marriage Test One Study Guide Family: Social institution found in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another, including any children Kinship: Social bond based on blood, marriage, or adoption Marriage: A legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation, exclusive sexual activity, and childbearing Extended Family: Parents, children, aunts, uncles, grandparents, step families, etc. Nuclear Family: Parent /parents and their children Monogamy: Marriage between two individuals Polygamy: An individual having more than one spouse Homogamy: Marriage between people with the same social characteristics Cohabitation: The sharing of a household by an unmarried couple Incest taboo: Norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives Stages of Family Life Courtship and romantic love Shift from arranged to romantic choice Ideal and real marriage American culture gives idolized picture of marriage Sexual issues: the new and exciting declines over time, infidelity. Child rearing Expense Lifelong commitment: development delays, disabled, terminal illness Family in later life Empty nest syndrome Adults in midlife caring for ailing parents Death of significant other Problems in Family life Transition from ideal to real marriage Divorce: love fades, people change, divorces are easily gotten…creates new issues with transition period for blended families MH issues within family Family Violence Patterns in Family definitions Exclusionists: Most restrictive” traditional” definition of family. Strongly emphasize heterosexual, married households with children. Inclusionists: Broad definition that includes each living arrangement as family as long as the living arrangement feels like and functions like a family. Moderates: Positioned between the two prior definitions of family. Units of analysis Macro level: Focus on the interconnectedness of marriage, families, and intimate relationships with the rest of society. Micro level: Focus on the individual and his or her interactions in a specific setting Gender differences Sex biological category of being genetically male or female Gender Culturally and socially constructed differences between males and females found in meaning, beliefs, and practices associated with being male or female. (this varies by culture, by location, and over history.) There is far more variation and difference in our socially defined gender category than there is between biological sex category. In fact, we as females and males are far more similar than different. The differences we perceive between women and men are socially constructed not genetically pre determined. This is important to keep in mind because gender socialization and social construction of gender helps support patterns of inequality between women and men by magnifying differences between the two and ultimately assigning greater value to men and lesser value to women. Gender socialization: Teaching cultural norms associated with being male or female Heterosexism a system of inequality in which heterosexuals and heterosexuality are valued more than homosexuals and homosexuality Homophobia devaluing anyone who appears to be homosexual; for men, being afraid not to appear masculine enough. How one appears and how one is perceived may actually have little to do with who the person is (straight, gay, lesbian). Homophobia comes about BECAUSE of heterosexism Homophobia is also based on sexism many people are worried about boys reinforcing traditional masculine gender roles because they believe that femininity is bad and they devalue it. Androcentrism: the valuing of allthingsmasculine over allthingsfeminine, comes into play when discussing gender construction and homophobia. It’s okay for everyone to do things deemed masculine but only women can be feminine because femininity is not associated with power and is devalued. A boy who does things that girls like to do may be perceived as not being a real boy this is where homophobia comes into play. Gay men are typically devalued because they have sex with other men, which is viewed as the upmost feminine act. Citations nd Risman & Rutter. Families As They Really Are. (2 ed.). Norton. Professor Wilson
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