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Philosophy Midterm Study Guide

by: Madeline Lathrop

Philosophy Midterm Study Guide PHL 101

Marketplace > University of Rochester > PHIL-Philosophy > PHL 101 > Philosophy Midterm Study Guide
Madeline Lathrop

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These notes address what the midterm exam will cover.
Introdution to Philosophy
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madeline Lathrop on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHL 101 at University of Rochester taught by Clatterbuck in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see Introdution to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Rochester.

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Date Created: 02/24/16
Philosophy 101 Review for First Exam Wednesday, March 2 1. Be prepared to define and use the following concepts: Logic and arguments  Deductive validity   Deductive soundness  Inductive validity  Inductive soundness  A priori propositions  A posteriori propositions  Begging the question Arguments for and against belief in God  Principle of Sufficient Reason  Brute facts  Surprise Principle   Arguments by analogy  Natural evil vs. moral evil  Base rate fallacy  Expected value/ payoff of an action Epistemology  The Uniqueness Thesis  Evidentialism  The Justified True Belief theory of knowledge  Foundationalism  Descartes’s method of doubt  Certainty Criterion of knowledge  Skeptical scenarios 2. Be prepared to reconstruct and explain the following arguments, along with objections to their premises  that we discussed in class: Arguments for and against belief in God  Cosmological Argument (causal version)  Cosmological Argument (explanatory version)  Design Argument (analogy version) o Paley’s argument by analogy with the watch o Hume’s arguments for why the analogy is not very close  Design Argument (deductive version)  Design Argument (inductive version) o How does evolution affect the inductive design argument? o Panda’s Thumb argument  Problem of Evil o Evil as a means to an end response o Free will response  Hume’s argument against belief in miracles (in Blackburn’s article)  Pascal’s Wager argument  Epistemology  Feldman’s argument against reasonable disagreements  Descartes’s method of doubt (argument from the claim he can doubt p to that he does not know p)  The Cogito (“I think, therefore I am”)  Descartes’s argument for the existence of God


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