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German 200 Study Guide

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by: Kristen Notetaker

German 200 Study Guide GER200

Kristen Notetaker
Pennsylvania State University Altoona
GPA 3.87

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Here's the study guide for quiz 2
Contemporary German Culture
Ilse-Rose Warg
Study Guide
50 ?




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"Please tell me you're going to be posting these awesome notes every week.."
Dr. Theron Bogan

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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kristen Notetaker on Wednesday February 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GER200 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona taught by Ilse-Rose Warg in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views.

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Please tell me you're going to be posting these awesome notes every week..

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Date Created: 02/24/16
Wednesday, February 24, 2016 German 200 Study Guide Quiz 2 - Naturalism • anti-historical, anti-metaphysical, anti-academic • had a goal; was to make society aware of the poor people - showed miners factory workers, poor farmers, slums, bad working conditions etc. - painted those who were on the 4th class section of the train • they painted facts, painted how it was • influenced by English & some French artists • followed tropical res for paintings & drawings - Impressionism • anti-historical, anti-metaphysical, anti-academic • supported no cause; was art for arts sake • didn’t focus on any specific topics/ideas • they painted the light, air shadows, etc. • they were against traditional academic rules for painting - they painted what impressed them about something - only remember the surface appearance of things they paint - light changes can give a new object • world of objects becomes a bundle of sense perceptions - you could paint “sound” • they applied the principles of positivity’s philosophy • overlapped naturalism & Jugendstil - Neo-Romanticism • period in Bavaria that overlapped Germany & realism 1 Wednesday, February 24, 2016 • German folklore & songs were popular • literature wasn’t as important, architecture was • railroad stations, courthouses, etc. had net-gothic style • Ludwig II of Bavaria • Neu Scwanstein castle • Richard Wagner’s operas popular - German Realism • ~1865-1898 • Theodor Fontane & Theodor Storm • different from English or French realism - German realism had humor - portrayed the time period accurately (ex. street names were the same in reality as in books) - novellas were popular • authors wouldn’t be censored form this, so they’d still have their job & not be in prison • painted small portraits of famous people, landscape & rich bourgeoisie • Leila paints plain people - he also establishes the school of realism - Naturalism • started in the late 19th century • found in literature, paintings & sculptures • focuses on the life of poverty & poor conditions - it became a revolutionary social movement due to sympathy of the poor • didn’t last long in Germany - Jugendstil, Art Nouveau, Secession 2 Wednesday, February 24, 2016 • started around the same time as naturalism • decorative, artistic style - artists turned away from historians • used for posters, book decorations, paintings & stucco on walls of houses • lasted until 1920 in Cafe houses • it ended when WW1 started - Expressionism • 1910-1920s • found in music, paintings, literature, photography & films • used kaleidoscope themes • Arnold Schoenberg developed 12 tone music • new types of poetry was written • at the end of the movement it was in works of German cubists, futurists constructivists & Dadaists - How did _______ (railroads, cars, engine, canal system, medical discoveries) help the Germany economy in the late 19-early 20th century? - Author of All Quiet on the Western Front: Erich Maria Remarque • Know 5 characters in the book - Paul Baumer- narrator of the novel - Stanislaus Katczinsky- in Paul’s company & is Paul’s best friend, is 40 & has a family at home - Albert Kropp- 1 of Paul’s classmates, he served with Paul in the 2nd company, very critical/anti-war - Muller- 1 of Paul’s classmates, always questions about postwar plans - Tjaden- 1 of Paul’s friends in the 2nd company, he’s always hungry throughout the novel - Franz Kimmerich- 1 of Paul’s classmates & friends in the war, gets gangrene in his leg & dies in chapter 2 3 Wednesday, February 24, 2016 - Joseph Behm- 1 of Paul’s classmates, the 1st to die - Detering- young man with a wife & a farm, is very homesick - Gerard Duval- French solider who Paul kills in No Man’s Land • *** Be able to match accomplishments/things that happened in the book to each character! - Joyeux Noel film • created by the French film industry • all 3 fronts sang Silent Night on Christmas Eve • The German Lt. is Jewish • The German battalion was shipped from the western front to the eastern front because they didn’t want to kill • Tammenburg- where Hindenburg had victories - *** Select a scene from the film & write about it - Erich Maria Remarque • born in 1898 in Esworth(?) he studied to be a teacher but got drafted to the western front • - he eventually got drafted back to the eastern front & was able to be a teacher, merchant, journalist, etc. • All Quiet on the Western Front became a US best seller during the Great Depression - he depicted the language of the soldiers in the book • 1931 he moved from France to Switzerland • 1933 the Nazi’s burned his books in public 1938 he lost German citizenship, moved to NYC • • 1948 he lived in NYC • 1970 he died in Switzerland - Fascism= Italy 4 Wednesday, February 24, 2016 - Nazism= Germany - Neue Sachlichkeit= New Objectivity • called literature of the lost but confirmed reality • they would feature report-like stories - Communist Manifesto- Carl Marx, was a new concept in history 5


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