Yes YES!! Thank you for these. I'm such a bad notetaker :/ will definitely be looking forward to these
Subliminal Perception - detection occurs below "absolute" threshold (forming impressions); psychologist place little importance for unconscious communication
Circadian Phythms - generated internally (suprachiasmatic nucle:) + "regulated externally (bright lights, hibernation); clears brain of waste products Theories of Dreaming: Biological - Cactivation Synthesis), brain is doing its best to synthesize meaning out of random garbled signals Cognitive-(problem solving), dreams are re-evocations of sights, sounds, and other stimuli from mental life Psychoanalytic-dreams provide partial, temporary fufillment of unconscious sexual and aggressive impulses Physiology of Drug Actions behavior is caused by chemical interactions between neurons: body's equillibrium to responding Ichanges with chronic drug use; 1-Tolerances increased amount required to get the same effect |-Dependence: body requires drug to function normally
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Alcohol-metabolized by the liver, relaxes inhibitions against antisocial behavior, continued drinking affects motor areas of brain stimulants-cuphoria, alertness, energy; cocaine initially. legal substance
Opiates - CNS depressants that relieves pain & induce sleep ti as tolerance increases the effective dose approaches
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INO) IN VI 10 7 nad We also discuss several other topics like What are the differences in trading activities between equities and corporate bonds?
... mera ---- Use .... / Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) - stimulus that automatically produces L las observable response Cro learning required)
Unconditioned Response (UCRJ- response that occurs automatically following a us Conditioned Stimulus. (CS) - neutral stimulus paired with Jus during training Calways product in ad) Conditioned Response (CR) - learned response produced following CS Extinction-weakening of (S-CR.connection with repeated labsence of us. Spontaneous Recovery reapperance of CR in pressence of lis, after extinction If you want to learn more check out What are his motivations?
Generalization - LR occurs in response to a stimulus that is similar to CS Discrimination - distinguishing between CS and similar stimuli that are irrelevant
- -Law of Effect (Thorndike)-behavior that is followed
[by positive consequences is more likely to be performed Lagain; if followed by negative consequences will be less likeby to be performed again Shaping process of reinforcing successive approximations to desired response (ex. train circus animals). Secondary Reinforcement-reinforcers meet learned needs If you want to learn more check out What is political paternalism?
Negative Reinforcement - response or behavior is I strengthed by removing a stimulus
Punishment consequence that reduces a targeted behavior
olp Ele ANTCONDI
Schedules of Reinforcementi Fixed Ratio CFR)-every Nth Response (5 th 20th.etc) is freinforced (ex. sales comission) tovaciable Ratio (VR)- ON THE AVERAGE every Nth If you want to learn more check out Why national defense is important?
response is reinforced (ex. gambling devices) 1. Fixed Interval CF I) - first response made after a laiven time interval is reinforced lex paycheck) to variable Interval (VI)-elapsed time prior to reinforcement
is, ON THE AVERAGE a given length(ex. pop quiz Sensory Memory- part of memory system which is first | contact for stimuli, received through senses
Episodic Memory- for events & occasions you experienced is the past Semantic Memory for knowledge Procedural Memory- for well-practiced skills (shaping & reinforcement) Short-term Memory-information held briefly, unless
e hearsed: capacity = 7 items + 2 "chunks" - Long-term Memory-information held for life time
Mnenomic Devices techniques that can be used to help limprove ability to remember something
- Chunking: organizing information into familiar
groupings, enhances memory & retention |- Serial Position - tendency to recall information
that is showed first & last better than in the middle Clike things on a list)
1. Older - decay of memory trace
Newer-retrieval failure + - Proactive Intereference: previous learning intefeces.
with new information 1 - Retroactive Intéference: new learning inteferes with (previous information
Constructive memory - utilization of basic linsights retained from memory to build a more
thorough report of an experience L-some info dropped out lif illogical)
- details are added to make more sense out of original story