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UIUC / Psychology / PSYC 100 / What was Carl Sagan's view on skepticism?

What was Carl Sagan's view on skepticism?

What was Carl Sagan's view on skepticism?

Description

School: University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Thomas srull
Term: Spring 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Chapter 1 notes
Description: These notes cover chapter 1 and what will be on the midterm
Uploaded: 02/25/2016
1 Pages 171 Views 0 Unlocks
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Scientific skeptic need proof and persuasionIf you want to learn more check out What is the major cause of suicide?

Carl sagan - skepticism

  1. Open mind
  2. Accept claims through evidence
  3. Don’t accept claims based on authority

If you want to learn more check out focused strategies keyed either to low cost or differentiation are especially appropriate for situations where

Critical thinking - evaluate claims with open mind and careful (scientific thinking)

Principles

  1. Ruling out rival hypothesis - other explanations (pill placebo)
  2. Correlation vs. causation - 3rd variables problem
  3. Falsifiability - can be disproved? If not, can’t test
  4. Replicability - can be duplicated?
  5. Extraordinary claims - evidence as strong?
  6. Ocean’s Razor - simpler explanation

Philosophers relied on common senseDon't forget about the age old question of What are the recent issues of Federalism?

Psychologists break free from spiritualismDon't forget about the age old question of What are the two majors historic periods of Greek culture and influence?

Structuralism - E.B titchener - basic elements, introspectrumWe also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of truth valve?

Functionalism - adapter purposes, thoughts, feelings, behaviors

Behaviorism - objective - underlying behavior

J.B. Watson look outside organismIf you want to learn more check out What makes a base a base?

Cognitivism cognitive - mental process involved in thinking is affects behavior

Psychoanalysis Sigmund Frued - internal, thoughts, memories unconscious drives - sexuality progression

APA - American psychological Association

Nurture vs Nature - evolutionary psychology

Fitness

Fails.

Facilitated communication

Prefrontal laboratory - frontal lobe

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