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HSC16 EXAM 2 Study Guide

by: Jennifer Miner

HSC16 EXAM 2 Study Guide HSC 160

Marketplace > Ball State University > HSC 160 > HSC16 EXAM 2 Study Guide
Jennifer Miner
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

These notes cover Chapters 5,6,7, and 12
Fundamentals of Human Health
Dr. Otiam
Study Guide
Fundamentals of Human Health
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Miner on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HSC 160 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Otiam in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 506 views.


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Date Created: 02/25/16
HSC Midterm Study Guide Chapters 5, 6, 7, 12 Bold questions are from iclicker points ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 5 Review 1. What lubricant could you safely use with latex condom a. WATER­BASED LUBRICANT 2. Why is it recommended to not use lamb skin condoms a. THEY DON’T PROTECT AGAINST STDS 3. What does it mean by the failure rates of contraceptive use? a. THE NUMBER OF TIMES A WOMEN GETS PREGNANT WHEN  SHE DOESN’T WANT TO 4. Which of the following is a barrier contraceptive? a. FEMCAP 5. Twenty year old Emily is in her monogamous relationship with her boyfriend. She  has a hard time remembering to take the pill. Which contraceptive would you  recommend a. NEXPLANON 6. What is the most commonly used method of first­trimester abortion a. SUCTION CURETTAGE  7. Toxic chemicals, pesticides, x­rays, and other hazardous compounds causing birth  defects are called: a. TERATOGENS 8. What prenatal test involves snipping tissue from the developing fetal sac? a. CHRIONIC VILLUS SAMPLING 9. In an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg implants itself in the a. FALLOPIAN TUBE 10. The number of American couples who experience infertility is a. 1/10 11. Provides most effective protection against sexually transmitted diseases: a. Male/female condoms when used correctly 12. Other contraceptive methods include: a. Spermicides, the diaphragm, cervical cap, sponge, oral contraceptives, Ortho  Evra, NuvaRing, Nexaplon 13. Emergency contraceptives should be used within _____ hours of unprotected sex. a. 72 14. Fertility awareness methods rely on altering sexual practices to avoid ______ a. Pregnancy 15. Ways to not get pregnant: a. Abstinence, outer course, withdrawal, sterilization 16. _______ is legal in the United States. a. Abortion 17. Abortion methods include: a. Suction curettage, dialation and evacuation (D&E), and medical abortions 18. _______ is not legal in United States. a. Intact dilation and extraction (D&X) 19. Expecting parents should consider: a. Emotional health, physical health, and financial plans 20. Full term pregnancy is _______ trimesters a. 3 21. Prenatal care includes: a. A complete physical exam within the first trimester, follow­up check ups  throughout pregnancy, nutrition and exercise, and avoidance of substances  that could have teratogenic effects on the fetus 22. Child birth occurs in _______ stages. a. 3 23. Possible pregnancy complications include: a. Preeclampsia/eclampsia, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, and still birth 24. Infertility in women may be caused by ________ & _________. a. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometriosis  25. Infertility in men may be caused by: a. Fertility drugs, alternative insemination, in vitro fertilization (IVF), assisted  reproductive technology (ART) ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 6 Review 1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of addiction? a. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SELF­DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR 2. Aaliyah is addicted to the internet. She is so preoccupied with it that she is failing  her classes. What symptom of addiction does her preoccupation characterize? a. NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES 3. An individual who knowingly tries to protect an addict from natural consequences of his  or her destructive behavior a. ENABLING  4. Cross­tolerance occurs when: a. PERSON DEVELOPS A PHYSIOL//OGICAL TOLERANCE TO ONE DRUG  THAT SHOWS A SIMILAR TOLERANCE TO SELECTED OTHER DRUG AS RESULT 5. Jayden takes Prinivil, insulin, and Claritin. This is an example of: a. POLYDRUG USE 6. The most widely used illicit drug is: a. MARIJUANA 7. Which of the following is classified as a stimulant drug? a. AMPHETAMINES 8. Drugs that depress the central nervous system are called: a. DEPRESSANTS 9. The psychoactive drug mescaline is found in what plant? a. PEYOTE CACTUS 10. Chemical dependency “relapse” refers to: a. A FULL RETURN TO ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR  11. Definition of addiction: a. A continued use of a substance or activity despite ongoing negative consequences 12. 4 common symptoms of addictions: a. Compulsion, loss of control, negative consequences, and denial 13. Who are Codependents: a. Typically friends or family members who are controlled by an addict’s behavior  14. Who are enablers: a. People who protect addicts from consequences of their behavior  15. What does the biopsychosocial model of addiction cover? a. Biological(genetic) factors and psychological/environmental influences in  understanding the addiction process 16. List addictive behaviors: a. Gambling, compulsive buying, compulsive internet/technology use, work  addiction, compulsive exercise, sexual addiction 17. What are the 6 categories of drugs? a. Prescription drugs, over­the­counter drugs, recreational drugs, herbal  preparations, illicit drugs, and commercial preparations  18. The most commonly abused prescription drugs are _______. a. Pain killers 19. List of controlled substances: a. Cocaine, amphetamines, methamphetamine, marijuana, opioids, depressants,  hallucinogens/psychedelics, inhalants, and steroids  20. Drug treatments begins with: a. Abstinence from drug or addictive behavior, installed intervention,  individual/group/family therapy ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 7 Review  1. When Amanda goes out with her friends, she usually has four or five beers in a row.  This type of high risk drinking is called: a. BINGE DRINKING 2. BAC is: a. RATIO OF ALCOHOL TO TOTAL BLOOD VOLUME 3. Drinking large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time that leads to passing out is  known as a. ALCOHOL POISONING 4. To adapt to his father’s alcoholic behavior, Jake played the obedient son. What role did  he assume? a. FAMILY HERO 5. The alcohol withdrawl syndrome that results in confusion, delusion, agitated behavior,  and hallucinations is known as: a. DELIRIUM TREMENS 6. What does carbon monoxide do to smokers? a. REDUCES STABILITY OF BLOOD HEMOGLOBIN TO CARRY OXYGEN 7. What is the major psychoactive ingredient in tobacco products? a. NICOTINE 8. What does nicotine do to cilia? a. PARALYZES THEM 9. A major health risk of chewing tobacco is: a. LEUKOPLAKIA 10. Quitting smoking: a. CAN BE AIDED BY NICOTINE REPLACEMENT 11. Negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption in college are: a. Academic problems, traffics accidents, dropping out of schools, unplanned sex,  alcohol poisoning, and injury 12. BAC is: a. Blood alcohol content, measures blood alcohol content and its effect on the body 13. Alcohol depresses the ________. a. Central nervous system 14. Short term effects of alcohol consumption: a. Decreased respiratory rate/pulse rate and blood pressure  15. Long term effects of alcohol consumption: a. Nervous system damage, cardiovascular damage, liver disease, and increased  cancer risk (during pregnancy: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders) 16. Alcohol impaired drivers are involved in _______ crash deaths in United States. a. 1/3 17. When does alcohol use become “alcoholism”? a. When it interferes with school, work, relationships, or involves legal violations 18. What are causes of alcoholism? a. Biological, social, cultural 19. Treatment options include: a. Detoxifications, therapy, and self­help, AA 20. Most alcoholic’s ________. a. Relapse  21. Alcoholism is a ________ and ________ addiction. a. Behavioral and chemical 22. Hazards of smoking include: a. Increased rate of cancer, heart and circulatory disorders, respiratory and gum  diseases, oral cancer (smokeless tobacco) Chapter 12 Review  1. Jennifer touched her viral herpes sore on her lip and then touched her eye. She  ended up with herpes virus in her eye. This is an example of  a. AUTOINOCULATION 2. Which of the following do NOT assist the body in fighting disease a. ANTIGENS  3. An example of passive immunity: a. THE ANTIBODY­CONTAINING PART OF THE VACCINE THAT CAME FROM SOMEONE ELSE 4. Which of the following is a viral disease: a. HEPATITIS 5. Because colds are always present to some degree throughout the world, they are said  to be: a. ENDEMIC 6. Which of the following diseases is caused by a prion? a. MAD COW DISEASE 7. Which of the following is a true statement about HIV? a. DRUGS CAN PROVIDE LONGER SURVIVAL RATES FOR HIV 8. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an: a. INFECTION OF A WOMAN’S FALLOPIAN TUBES OR UTERUS  9. The most widespread sexually transmitted bacterium is: a. CHLAMYDIA  10. Which of the following STI’s cannot be treated with antibiotics? a. HERPES 11. _______ is the body’s major protection. a. Skin 12. List the body’s defense systems: a. Immune system, fever, pain, vaccines  13. List the major classes of pathogens: a. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoans, parasitic worms, and prions 14. List bacterial infections: a. Staph infections, strep infections, meningitis, pneumonia, TB, and tick­borne  diseases  15. List major viral infections: a. Common cold, influenza, hepatitis, herpes, chickenpox, shingles,  mumps/measles, rubella 16. List emerging and resurgent diseases: a. Avian flu, West Nile virus, malaria  17. Many bacteria are evolving into ______ that are resistant to antibiotics.  a. “super bugs” (preventable through medication & non­bacterial soaps) 18. How are sexually transmitted diseases spread? a. Sexual intercourse, oral­genital contact, anal sex, hand­genital contact, mouth  to mouth contact 19. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is caused by what? a. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) 20. List ways to contract HIV: a. Engaging in high­risk sexual activities, exchanging bodily fluids, blood  transfusions, injecting drugs 21. List STI’s: a. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, HPV, genital warts, candidiasis,  trichomoniasis, public lice. 


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