Unit 2 Review
Unit 2 Review BIOL 2350
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Faiqa Rahman on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 2350 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Ilya Sapozhnikov in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Biological Basis for Health and Disease in Biology at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Unit 2 Review What role does oxytocin and prolactin play in a woman’s body Prolactin produces breast milk oxytocin is responsible for secretion of breast milk. What are the local effects of progesterone on reproductive organs? Glandular development of the lobular and alveolar tissue of breasts. What hormone are produced after ovulation when the follicle becomes luteinized Estrogen and progesterone What is usually recognized as the leading cause of osteoporosis Decreased level of estrogen What is stored in the ampulla of the vas deferens and epididymis Mature sperm What is the role of the fructose in seminal fluid Sperm motility What microorganism causes candidiasis? A yeast What hormone is responsible for fluid retention during PMS Aldosterone secretion Symptoms of trichomoniasis? Copious frothy malodorous green or yellow discharge What role does NO play in erections? It involves increased inflow of blood into the corpora cavernosa What nervous system controls erection Parasympathetic nervous system What is amenorrhea? Abnormal absence of menstruation What is bacterial vaginosis? Bacterial infection of the vagina caused a malodorous white discharge What is and what causes candidiasis? What is vulvovaginal candidiasis? It is called yeast infection and the cause of it is antibiotics and high sugar diets. Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a yeast infection in the vagina What is cervicitis? Inflammation of the cervix What is and what are complications of chlamydia? It is an STD and the complications are prostate gland infection, PID, infertility, infection on baby What is cryptorchidism? Condition where one or both testes fail to fall from abdomen into the scrotum What is cystocele? It is when the bladder is herniated to the vagina. What is and what are complications of endometriosis? A condition resulting of the appearance of the endometrial tissue outside of the uterus, causing pelvic pain. The complications are infertility and ovarian cysts . What is epididymitis? Inflammation of the epididymis What is genital herpes? STD that is marked with painful genital sores What is gonorrhea? STD where inflammatory discharge comes out from urethra or vagina What is and what cancers are associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV)? A large group of viruses that lead to warts and cancers like cervical cancer and oropharynx What is hydrocele? Accumulation of serous fluid in body sac What is a leiomyoma? Smooth muscle tumor in the uterus What is menometrorrhagia? Condition in which prolonged or excessive uterine bleeding occurs irregularly and frequently than normal What is osteoporosis? Bones become brittle and fragile due to hormonal changes What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)? Condition when STD spreads to uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes from vagina What is polymenorrhea? Abnormal menstrual cycles What is a priapism? Painful and persistent erection of penis What is and what are some complications of syphilis? STD that starts as painful sore. It can cause rashes, sores, loss of hair, and swollen glands What is a testicular torsion? Twisting of the testicle What is trichomoniasis? STI affecting the vagina or urinary tract What is a tubal pregnancy? Pregnancy in the fallopian tubes What is varicocele? Mass of varicose veins in spermatic cord What is and what are causes of vaginitis? Inflammation of the vagina. The causes are changes in normal balance of vaginal bacteria or decreased levels of estrogen after menopause What is vasomotor instability? Poor communication of blood vessels and autonomic system
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