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CAL / Political Science / POL SCI 4 / What is the relationship of the individual to society?

What is the relationship of the individual to society?

What is the relationship of the individual to society?

Description

School: University of California Berkeley
Department: Political Science
Course: Introdoction to Political Theory
Professor: Mark bevir
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: conservatism, Political Theory, Political Ideologies, ideology, conservative, liberal, and political science
Cost: 25
Name: Poli Sci 4 - Week 6 Notes
Description: This week we began the unit on "Conservatism", covering the introduction to Conservatism with historical context and basic overview of the Conservatism ideology.
Uploaded: 02/26/2016
3 Pages 32 Views 2 Unlocks
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Political Theory Notes: Week 6


What is the relationship of the individual to society?



Lecture 9: Conservatism - Background

Interpretations of Conservatism

- Aristocratic

o Social explanation

- Pragmatic

o Politically so

o How to win

o Maintaining power

- Situational

- Dispositional

o More psychological way of explaining

o Speaks to a need of certain people

- Historical

o Should be understood as a historical movement

Varieties of Conservatism

- Traditionalist

- Whig We also discuss several other topics like What is international security studies?

- Romantic

- Evangelical

- Paternalist We also discuss several other topics like What is the main goal of a firm?

Traditionalist conservatism


Has anyone changed their mind about being a liberal after going through this reasoning?



- Tories v. Whigs

o Whigs considered more progressive

Tory ideas

- Order & natural law

o Fend off anarchy and civil war

- Hierarchical order of society

o Aristocratic society

o Believed God built this

 Church was part of state

 Church debates

o Paternalistic

Whig Conservatism Don't forget about the age old question of Why does the medical model persist?

- Whigs: constitution vs. absolutism

o Whigs can be compared to American South

o Opposed to hierarchy but not committed to radicalism of people like  Thomas Pain

o Constitutionalists

- Whigs & “radicals”


What is political paternalism?



o American revolutionists

 “whig” revolution

∙ NOT RADICAL

∙ NOT DEMOCRATIC

o French revolutionists

- Eg. Edmund Burke

o Perfectionism based on abstract doctrine

o Arbitrary

- Counter-enlightenment Don't forget about the age old question of How much freedom do you give up to get freedom?

o “conservative” only gets political connotations after French Revolution o Used to describe political restoration: 1820s France

o Tories became the new Conservative party by 1935

Romantic Conservatism

- Counter modernity

o Cities/industry/market

- Ideas of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

- Simpler life

o Architecture Don't forget about the age old question of What else can we do with these concepts?

o Slower way of being

o Traditional & Anti-modern Don't forget about the age old question of How a substance may be transported across a plasma membrane?

Evangelical Conservatism

- Questions modernity

- Suffering comes from laws of nature

- God rewards virtues

o If you suffer, it’s because of God

o If you succeed, it’s because of God

o The results of the market are God’s will

 The market will teach virtues

Paternalist Conservatism

- The social problem

- Organicism & paternalism

- Factory legislation

- Ideas of Benjamin Disraeli, Andrew Mellon

Lecture 10: Conservatism – Philosophy

Human Nature

- Humans as social beings

o Conservatives critical of liberal rights and equality concepts

o Society is a result of human nature and is necessary

- Humans as imperfect beings

o Theology and original sin

o Arguments from experience

 Ruled by passions

∙ Ideas of David Hume and behavioral economics

- Humans are historical beings

o Conservatives focus on historical claims about humans

o People are always imperfect

 Always sin

 Always greedy and passion focused

∙ Not straightforward, logical reasoning

What is the relationship of the individual to society?

- Has anyone changed their mind about being a liberal after going through this  reasoning?

The limits of reason:

- Human basis to “natural law”

- Imperfect humans

- Practical reason

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