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Study guides for exams 1 and 2

by: Claude Notetaker

Study guides for exams 1 and 2 Psych 3140

Marketplace > Georgia State University > Psychlogy > Psych 3140 > Study guides for exams 1 and 2
Claude Notetaker
GPA 3.92

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About this Document

Study guide one covers chapters 1-4 Study guide 2 covers chapters 5-7
Abnormal Psych
Dr. Weyerman
Study Guide
abnormal psych
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Claude Notetaker on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 3140 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Weyerman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psych in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 02/25/16
Peter is a hard-worker, he always shows up on time to his job, and is always ready to help a friend in need. Peter's friends are concerned because lately Peter has been late to work and and very hesitant to cover his co-workers shifts. Which of the 4 D's are Peter's friends concerned with? Deviance  Susie has been acting strange lately. She's been eating less and sleeping more. The big thing that has changed is that she is starting to lash out at the people she loves. Yesterday she almost threw a plate at her sister. Which of the 4 D's is Susie displaying? Danger  Something seems a little off, I can't eat, I can't sleep for long periods of time. I know there is something wrong. I don't know what to do. Which of the 4 D's is this person displaying? Distress  Russell is crazy. He will be doing a task and then out of no where he'll start shaking and stare off into space. I don't know what's wrong with him. Which of the 4 D's is Russell displaying? Dysfunction  Bill has a mental disorder. His peers are avoiding him now to prevent getting attacked by the evil spirits that are holding Bill's brain captive. What time period is Bill in? Ancient/Stone Age or Europe during the Middle Ages  What is Trephination? The process of drilling holes in the brain (to force demons out)  Bill has a mental disorder. Even though Bill didn't display abnormal behavior when he was young, he was destined since birth to have this mental disorder. However if we rebalance his humors he should be good in no time. What time period is Bill in? Greek/Roman  What institutions started appearing during the Renaissance Asylums  Love was a logical treatment for abnormal behavior during what time period? The Renaissance  Johann Weber? Believed the mind and body were susceptible to sickness  What happened to treatment in asylums in the 19th century? It improved. Moral and humane treatment was emphasized  What are the Duel Perspectives of the 20th century? Somatogenic and Psychogenic  What is the Somatogenic perspective? (Kraeplin) abnormal behavior has a physical cause  What is the Psychogenic perspective? (Mesmer/Freud) abnormal behavior has a psychological cause  Which of the 20th perspectives was treated with medication? Somatogenic  Which of the 20th perspectives was treated with psychotherapy? Psychogenic  Which thought is more prevalent today? Mental disorders are caused by ourselves -or- mental disorders are caused by sin and wrongdoing Mental disorders are caused by ourselves  Who is Dr. Benjamin Rusch? Endorsed shock/terror treatments and the tranquilizer chair.  What are paradigms? Perspectives used to explain phenomenon  Which model has a medical perspective? Biological Model  Biological Model Psychological abnormality is an illness brought about by malfunctioning parts of the organism  What neurotransmitters are linked with Depression? Seretonin, norepinephrine  What neurotransmitters are linked with Anxiety? GABA, norepinephrine  What neurotransmitters are linked with Schizophrenia? Dopamine  What are the sources of the Biological abnormalities? Genetics, Viral infections, evolution  What are the three treatments of the Biological Model? Drug therapy, psychotherapy, Electroconvulsive therapy  What are the strengths of the Biological Model? Quick fix, can bring great relief to patient, suggests new avenues of understanding and treating psychological struggles  What are the weaknesses of the Biological Model? Too simplistic, can limit our understanding, treatments can produce undesirable effects  Psychodynamic Model Behavior (normal & abnormal) is determined largely by underlying unconscious psychological forces  Id? Pleasure  Ego? Rational  Superego? Mediator between the id and ego  What is the cause of abnormal functioning in terms of the Psychodynamic model? Abnormal or excessive conflict among these forces (id, ego, superego)  Weaknesses of Psychodynamic model? Unsupported ideas, non-observable, inaccessible to human subjects  Treatments of Psychodynamic model? Seek to uncover past trauma and inner conflicts (free association, catharsis, working through)  Behavioral Model? Abnormality is a set of "learned" behavior patterns  Operant Conditioning Behavior is modified by its consequences (reinforcement or punishment)  Classical Conditioning Two events repeatedly occur close together & become paired in one's mind  Modeling Observational learning  Systematic Desensitization Clients with phobias learn to react calmly instead of with intense fear to the objects or situations they dread  Shaping Teaches new behavior through the use of reinforcement until the target behavior is achieved, little by little, successive approximations  Cognitive Model Cognitive process (e.g., understanding, thinking) are at the center of psychological health and psychopathology  Humanistic-Existential Model We are driven to self-actualize/Emphasize self- determination, choice, & personal responsibility  Humanist Optimistic view of human nature  Existentialist Humans have total freedom & responsibility  Carl Rogers Basic human need: unconditional positive regard. If received, leads to unconditional self-regard  Sociocultural model Family-Social Theory/Multicultural Theory  Multicultural Theory Cultural Context, External Pressures  Family-Social Theory Family or social stress  What is a case study? Detailed description of someone's life & psychological problems (history, current circumstances, & symptoms)  Correlational method Describes how variables relate to each other  Projective tests Clients interpret vague stimuli and project their personality (Rorschach, TAT, Sentence-Completion, drawings)  Personality Inventories Questions about behavior, beliefs, feelings (MMPI-2)  Response Inventories: Detailed info about a focused area of functioning (Y-BOCS, BDI)  Psychophysiological Tests Measure physiological responses (possible indicators of psychological problems)  Neurological Tests Measure brain structure & activity  Intelligence Tests Measures verbal & nonverbal skills  Clinical observation Systematically observing behavior Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording. Having trouble? Click here for help.   Using Quizlet    Sign Up    Help    Mobile  


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