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UA / History / HY 104 / What is lincoln’s ten percent plan?

What is lincoln’s ten percent plan?

What is lincoln’s ten percent plan?


School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: History
Course: America Civilization Since 1865
Professor: Kari frederickson
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: HY 104 Elmore Study Guide
Cost: 50
Name: HY 104 Unit 1 Study Guide
Description: Elmore HY 104 study guide key terms and central questions
Uploaded: 02/26/2016
7 Pages 195 Views 23 Unlocks

HY 104 Exam 1 Study Guide

What is lincoln’s ten percent plan?

Key terms and central questions

January 19,2016

1. Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan- southern state could be readmitted into the  Union once 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the  Union.

2. Thaddeus Stevens & Charles Sumner- leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s.

3. Wade-Davis Bill- 1864 was a bill proposed for the Reconstruction of the  South written by two Radical Republicans, Senator Benjamin Wade of  Ohio and Representative Henry Winter Davis of Maryland.

4. Copperheads Republicans & Democrats in 1865- a vocal faction of  Democrats in the Northern United States of the Union who opposed the American Civil War, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the  Confederates.

5. 13th Amendment- abolished slavery in the United States 6. Corwin Amendment- No amendment shall be made to the Constitution  which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or  interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof,  including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said  State.

What year did andrew johnson serve as president of the united states?

7. Andrew Johnson- 17th President of the United States, serving from  1865 to 1869.

8. Johnson’s reconstruction plan- voided or repealed their ordinances of  secession, abolished slavery, and (except South Carolina) repudiated  Confederate debts.

9. Black Codes- laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after  the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting  African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor  economy based on low wages or debt.

10. Freedman’s Bureau- established in 1865 by Congress to help  former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of  the U.S. Civil War Don't forget about the age old question of In the novel the great gatsby, written by f. scott fitzgerald, she is nick carraway’s cousin?

11. 14th Amendment- defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons. 12. Reconstruction Act of 1867- applied to all the ex-Confederate  states in the South, except Tennessee who had already ratified the  Fourteenth Amendment.

What are the laws passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the civil war?

13. Tenure of Office Act of 1867- intended to restrict the power of the President of the United States to remove certain office-holders without  the approval of the Senate

January 21, 2016

1. Andrew Jonson’s impeachment trial- House of Representatives votes to  impeach him Senate vote impeach: 35/not impeach: 19 (hangs onto  job by one vote)

2. Election of 1868- the first presidential election to take place after the  American Civil War, during the period referred to as Reconstruction  (Andrew Johnson won) Don't forget about the age old question of How many principles economics have?

3. 15th amendment- prohibits the federal and state governments from  denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color,  or previous condition of servitude."

4. Hiram Revels & Blanche K. Bruce- he was the first elected black  senator to serve a full term, Hiram was the first African American to  serve in the U.S. Senate, but did not serve a full term We also discuss several other topics like How did hunter-gatherer societies allocate resources?

5. KKK & White League- opposed social change and black emancipation  by violence and terrorism. If you want to learn more check out Who said, “government is best which governs the least”?

6. Colfax- The Colfax massacre, or Colfax riot as the events are termed on the 1950 state historic marker, occurred on Easter Sunday, April 13,  1873, in Colfax, Louisiana, the seat of Grant Parish, during  confrontation between opposing political forces of the Republicans and  Democrats. If you want to learn more check out What is accrual accounting?

7. Enforcement Acts- protected African-Americans' right to vote, to hold  office, to serve on juries, and receive equal protection of laws. 8. Liberal republicans- political party of dissident Republicans formed in  opposition to the first Grant administration We also discuss several other topics like What is an example of psychological noise?

9. Whiskey ring- scandal, exposed in 1875, involving diversion of tax  revenues in a conspiracy among government agents, politicians,  whiskey distillers, and distributors.

10. Panic of 1873- financial crisis that triggered a depression in  Europe and North America that lasted from 1873 until 1879 11. Redemption- Southern Democratic term for the end of  Reconstruction and the return of white southern Democratic rule to the South.

12. Compromise of 1877- unwritten deal that settled the intensely  disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of  state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction Era. Central Question: why did reconstruction end when it did?

January 26, 2016

1. Golden age- A name for the late 1800s, coined by Mark Twain to  describe the tremendous increase in wealth caused by the  industrial age and the ostentatious lifestyles it allowed the very  rich. The great industrial success of the U.S. and the fabulous  lifestyles of the wealthy hid the many social problems of the time,  including a high poverty rate, a high crime rate, and corruption in  the government.

2. Union Pacific- The Union Pacific Railroad (reporting mark UP) is a Class I line haul freight railroad that operates nearly 8,500 locomotives over

32,000 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago, Illinois and New  Orleans, Louisiana.

3. Transcontinental telegraph- a line that connected an existing network  in the eastern United States to a small network in California by a link  between Omaha and Carson City via Salt Lake City.

4. Andrew Carnegie- led the enormous expansion of the American steel  industry in the late 19th century.

5. Vertical integration- the combination in one company of two or more  stages of production normally operated by separate companies. 6. Johnson D Rockefeller and standard oil- co-founder of the Standard Oil  Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust.

7. Horizontal integration- strategy where a company creates or acquires  production units for outputs which are alike - either complementary or  competitive. One example would be when a company acquires  competitors in the same industry doing the same stage of production  for the creation of a monopoly.

8. state incorporation laws (NJ & DE)-  

9. immigrant labor- cheap labor, taking advantage of unskilled laborers in  the golden age

10. mass marketing- market (a product) on a large scale 11. Coca-Cola- John Pemberton’s wine of coca

January 28, 2016

1. Sugar trust- a United States Supreme Court case that limited the  government's power to control monopolies

2. Battle of little bighorn- A battle in which General George Custer and his forces were defeated by Sioux warriors on 25 June 1876, popularly  known as Custer's Last Stand.

3. Dawes act- A federal law intended to turn Native Americans into  farmers and landowners by providing cooperating families with 160  acres of reservation land for farming or 320 acres for grazing.

4. Wounded knee- located on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in  southwestern South Dakota, was the site of two conflicts between  North American Indians and representatives of the U.S. government.  An 1890 massacre left some 15 0Native Americans dead, in what was  the final clash between federal troops and the Sioux.

5. Presidential politics (1880s)-  

6. Populist movement- a revolt by farmers in the South and Midwest  against the Democratic and Republican Parties for ignoring their  interests and difficulties. For over a decade, farmers were suffering  from crop failures, falling prices, poor marketing, and lack of credit  facilities.

7. Farmers alliance- an informal name for various regional political  organizations that farmers established in the 1880s and that led to the  formation of the Peoples' party in 1891–92

8. Anne L. Diggs- a Populist orator and editor from Kansas who supported  women's rights and the Populist movement. she toured the nation to  promote her causes in 1892. She allied herself with the Farmer's  Alliance, and aided in the creation of the Populist Party.

9. Omaha platform- the party program adopted at the formative  convention of the Populist (or People's) Party held in Omaha, Nebraska  on July 4, 1892.

10. Peoples parties- a political party (1891–1904), advocating  expansion of currency, state control of railroads, the placing of  restrictions upon ownership of land

Central question: what caused the populist movement and what did the  populist want?

February 2, 2016

1. Omaha platform and the peoples party

2. Jacob Riis- Early 1900's muckraker who exposed social and political  evils in the U.S. with his novel "How The Other Half Lives"; exposed the poor conditions of the poor tenements in NYC

3. Knights of labor and the AFL- was a national federation of labor unions  in the United States. It was founded in Columbus, Ohio, in May 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a  national labor association

4. Haymarket uprising- the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a  labor demonstration on Tuesday May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in  Chicago.

5. Pullman strike- a nationwide railroad strike in the United States on May  11, 1894. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) against the  Pullman Company,

6. Election of 1896- Republican candidate William McKinley (a former  Governor of Ohio) defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan (a former Representative from Nebraska) in one of the most dramatic and  complex races in American history.

7. Jim crow- a practice or policy of segregating or discriminating against  blacks, as in public places, public vehicles, or employment. 8. Poll taxes, grandfather clauses and literary tests- designed to keep  blacks and some poor whites from voting  

9. Plessy V. Ferguson- upheld the rights of states to pass laws allowing or  even requiring racial segregation in public and private institutions such as schools, public transportation, restrooms, and restaurants (separate  but equal)

10. Lynchings- kill someone, especially by hanging, for an alleged  offense with or without a legal trial.

11. Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois- A former slave.  Encouraged blacks to keep to themselves and focus on the daily tasks  of survival, rather than leading a grand uprising. WEB- One of

Washington's harshest critics, believing that Washington's pacifist plan  would only perpetuate the second-class-citizen mindset

Central question: how did Jim crow segregation undermine American  democracy in the late nineteenth century?

February 4, 2016

1. Berlin conference- divides up colonial America and regulated European  colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period 2. Alaska- United States Secretary of State William Henry Seward purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867

3. Monroe doctrine- (1823) said that any intervention by external powers  in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US 4. Panic of 1893- financial crisis that triggered a depression in Europe and North America

5. Frederick Jackson Turner- writes “Significance of the Frontier in  American Society”, says that US is going to become weak once we do  not have any more frontier to discover, says we must go oversees

6. Manifest destiny- belief that the expansion of the US throughout the  American continents was both justified and inevitable

7. Dwight Moody- creates missionary programs to spread Christianity  oversees

8. The influence of sea upon history- book written in 1890 by Alfred  Thayer, discussed the necessity of sea power during the 17th and 18th century  

9. Spanish American war- A war between Spain and the United States,  fought in 1898, only lasting 4 months. An intervention by the United  States on Cuba’s behalf

10. Insular cases- denied the Filipinos constitutional rights because  they look different than us

11. African American soldiers in 1898- African Americans soldiers,  called Buffalo Soldiers, fought in the Spanish American war. Some  people questioned whether African Americans should be able to fight  for the US

Central question: why did America seek imperial expansion overseas in the  1800s?

February 9, 2016

1. Progressive era- period of social activism and political reform in the  United States that flourished from the 1890s to the 1920s

2. Jane Addams- pioneered the settlement house movement which meant that middle class people lived with lower class people to teach them  values and ethics

3. Theodore Roosevelt- became president after William McKinley was  assassinated, grew up tough, led the rough riders in the Spanish  American War

4. Square deal & the 3 C’s-

a. Corporate control- Breaks up monopolies to bring prices down b. Consumer protection- Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 (FDA) c. Conservation- Wanted to preserve parks and resources

5. Pure food & drug act- (1906) removed harmful and misrepresented  foods/drugs from the market and regulated the manufacture and sale  of them

6. Conservation and The gospel of efficiency- we need to “efficiently” use  resources if we want to prosper in the years ahead

7. US forest service- Roosevelt created this so we can preserve trees so  we don’t use them up

8. Gifford Pinchot- American forester, first chief of the US forest service 9. John Muir- believed that we should be protecting nature, not just  conserving it. Founded the Sierra Club to help preserve wildlands, esp. in California  

Central question: what did progressive reformers hope to accomplish?

February 16, 2016

1. Northern securities case- Northern Securities Company V. United States (1904)- wanted to control most of railroads in US to form monopoly. US argued that they violated Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. US won and  company had to be broken up

2. William H. Taft- wins election of 1908 by a landslide. He supports the  passing of the 16th amendment (1913) which gave the federal  government the right to impose income taxes in the US

3. Pinchot Ballinger Affair- Ballinger, who was the Secretary of Interior,  opened public lands in Wyoming, Montana, and Alaska against  Roosevelt's conservation policies. Pinchot supported former President  Roosevelt and demanded that Taft dismiss Ballinger. Taft dismissed  Pinchot on the basis of insubordination. This divided the Republican  Party.

4. Election of 1912- new nationalism (Roosevelt) v. new freedom (Wilson). Woodrow Wilson wins election and democrats have the white house  back. This is due to republicans being split into two parties and the  southern states vote primarily democratic

5. Socialist party and the bull moose party- when the republicans were  badly split in the 1912 election and Roosevelt broke away from the  republican party, forming his own Party called the Bull Moose Party

6. Woodrow Wilson- wins 1912 election, he was a leading progressive,  arguing for a stronger central government and fighting for anti-trust  legislation and labor rights

7. American foreign policy 1900-1917- dollar diplomacy, using a country's financial and business power to extend its influence internationally 8. World war 1- assignation of Franz Ferdinand sets of WW1, America  wants to stay neutral at first, American joins war after the Zimmerman  telegram was intercepted from Germany

9. Lusitania- A British passenger ship sunk by a German submarine in  1915, hundreds of Americans on board, Germany then goes to war with Britain  

10. Sussex pledge- Germans said they would stop unrestricted  submarine warfare

11. Zimmerman telegram- meant for Mexico, US intercept,  encourages Mexico to enter war on central powers side and take  military action against US, if they do this Germany will acquire Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas for Mexico

Central question: what caused the US to enter World War 1?

February 23, 2016

1. 18th amendment- also called prohibition, banned the sale of alcohol in  the United States

2. red scare- the fear of communism taking hold in the United States,  especially by immigrants coming into the country

3. palmer raids- root out communist within the United States, led by J.  Edgar Hoover who was head of the Radical Division of Justice Dept. 4. Warren G. Harding- president from 1921-1923 when he died of heart  attack; “return to normalcy” very pro business, reduced taxes on  wealthy, involved in lots of scandals  

5. Calvin Coolidge- becomes president after Harding dies (1923-1929),  Revenue Act of 1924 and 1926- reduced tax burden on wealthy;  doesn’t help farmers

6. Herbert Hoover- wins election of 1828 president from 1929-1933;  Hoovervilles, hoover ball; “we in America today are near to the final  triumph of poverty than ever before in the history of the land”

7. Great depression- the economic crisis and period of low business  activity in the U.S. beginning with the stock-market crash on October  29, 1929 and continued through most of the 1930s

8. Hoover ball- throwing medicine ball over volleyball net and trying to  knock over other team

Central question: what caused the great depression?

Other terms:

1. League of nations- international organization established after World  War I under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles; brought about  international cooperation on health, labor problems, etc.  

2. 19th amendment- gives women the right to vote

3. Marcus Garvey- black nationalist who founded the Universal Negro  Improvement Association (1914), advocated for nationalism and black  separatism

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