BIOL 1040 | EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE
BIOL 1040 | EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE BIOL 1040
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Stewart on Friday February 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1040 at Clemson University taught by Dr. William Surver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see General Biology II in Biology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Exam 2 Study Guide | Exam 2 Chapter 38: Musculoskeletal System Muscle characteristics • Most abundant tissue • Works with bone, connected by tendons • Contract by antagonistic muscles Sarcomere - must know structure and function • Myosin fibers • Actin fibers Sliding Filament Model – be able to explain this process Chapter 39: The Respiratory System Three phases • Breathing • Transport of oxygen/CO2 • Exchange of gases with tissues Mechanisms of exchange –what animals use which and how do they work? • Skin • Gills • Tracheal systems • Lungs (inhalation and exhalation) Hemoglobin –what does it do and how does it affect oxygen levels? Chapter 40: The Circulatory System Open circulatory system vs. closed circulatory system Heart Structure • Animals have 2, 3, or 4-chambered hearts – which animals have which heart? • Atrium and ventricle function Structure/Function of Blood • Plasma matrix • Erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets – function of each? • Leukemia Artery – carries blood from heart Vein – carries blood to heart Capillaries – thin walls/narrow, allow for gas exchange Chapter 41: Osmotic Regulation and Excretion Osmoregulation – homeostatic uptake/loss of water and solutes Osmoconformers vs. Osmoregulators – what is the difference? • Know how saltwater fish, freshwater fish, and land animals regulate their water and solute levels The Urinary System • Forms/excretes urine • How much filtrate produced vs. how much urine excreted? • Kidney – processing center o Nephron – functional unit of kidney o Refines filtrate o Reabsorbs water and nutrients, expels toxins o Must know the structure and function of the nephron!!! Wastes – know which animals contain which, and how toxic each one is • Nitrogenous waste • Ammonia • Urea • Uric acid
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