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UA / Psychology / PY 358 / What are the symptoms of unipolar depression?

What are the symptoms of unipolar depression?

What are the symptoms of unipolar depression?

Description

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Theodore tomeny
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: PY 358 Test #2 Study Guide
Description: Mood Disorders
Uploaded: 02/27/2016
34 Pages 41 Views 3 Unlocks
Reviews


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"}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-2,lower-roman) ") "}.lst-kix_wg30djm6hm2j-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_bv75ybl2obp3-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-0 0}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1pvavellmpr6-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6sgz3k5lotez-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-2}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-6}.lst-kix_8ag4hlxznohx-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1pvavellmpr6-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6sgz3k5lotez-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_8ag4hlxznohx-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1pvavellmpr6-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-4 0}.lst-kix_6sgz3k5lotez-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-4}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-2,lower-roman) ") "}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-1,lower-latin) ") "}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-6}.lst-kix_zgedsy2inuzi-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-1 0}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-1 0}.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_zgedsy2inuzi-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-4 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-4,lower-latin) ") "}.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_zgedsy2inuzi-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-1}.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sfrdey38jzsm-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-6 0}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-3 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-3,decimal) ") "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_4ck613ixncyn-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_8yxmmmeuh747-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-0,decimal) ") "}.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-8}.lst-kix_8yxmmmeuh747-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8yxmmmeuh747-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_372n3qfqg1z9-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_372n3qfqg1z9-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_wg30djm6hm2j-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-8 0}.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-8}.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-7 0}.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_bv75ybl2obp3-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bv75ybl2obp3-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_4ck613ixncyn-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-8 0}.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_4ck613ixncyn-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-1}.lst-kix_1pvavellmpr6-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1pvavellmpr6-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-6 0}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vi6kos9dhhk7-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_en25pw48g5ia-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_vi6kos9dhhk7-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ishlax8l2lm4-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-2}.lst-kix_vi6kos9dhhk7-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_en25pw48g5ia-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_en25pw48g5ia-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-0 0}.lst-kix_ishlax8l2lm4-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-6 0}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-5}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-4 0}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2ouid2axdwu9-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-5 0}.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-3}.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_372n3qfqg1z9-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_45k1vfu6ey07-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4ck613ixncyn-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wms38nxy3mkp-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_8yxmmmeuh747-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hlk097dfpptu-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-4 0}.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-0,decimal) ") "}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-5 0}.lst-kix_bv75ybl2obp3-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wg30djm6hm2j-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tbff1pyl4th6-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-5}.lst-kix_x7kyaxmoyczl-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1pvavellmpr6-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-2 0}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-1 0}.lst-kix_zgedsy2inuzi-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8ag4hlxznohx-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-3 0}ol.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-2 0}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-3}.lst-kix_6sgz3k5lotez-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_8ag4hlxznohx-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-3}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-6}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_69pusxcb4i7-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-4}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qq3hmsisopch-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-3 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-3,decimal) ") "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-4 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-4,lower-latin) ") "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-0,decimal) ") "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-1,lower-latin) ") "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-2,lower-roman) ") "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-7,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-0 0}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wmlxv8rqdn94-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-5 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-5,lower-roman) ") "}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_2ouid2axdwu9-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2ouid2axdwu9-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-7 0}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_4tld9foroesu-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vpobeqd5n0f6-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_en25pw48g5ia-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_en25pw48g5ia-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_z0t7hldcic5p-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vi6kos9dhhk7-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-5}.lst-kix_vi6kos9dhhk7-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_en25pw48g5ia-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-2 0}ol.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-8 0}.lst-kix_en25pw48g5ia-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-2}.lst-kix_2ouid2axdwu9-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2ouid2axdwu9-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-7 0}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-4}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2ouid2axdwu9-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a3d2rm852dee-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_93kxp9189knf-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-3 0}.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_udf551o8c558-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_udf551o8c558-4}.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_8yxmmmeuh747-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_c7jofnbygggf-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_f2z66wrhpnnt-1,lower-latin) ") "}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_72zr9zvcto4o-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8yxmmmeuh747-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-2 0}.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ih0yvmnnvd6a-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_w86q2n5hsos4-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1u05vf5i6eh-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y787ixsthgu4-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cvxmhxwrfdj1-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_52795hgrljx7-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_2ouid2axdwu9-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_73q07j2mxtji-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_73q07j2mxtji-3 0}.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_cmgdr3ksuh23-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_vi6kos9dhhk7-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s0z515utt2h5-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_57ea2mn5s6jg-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-3 > li:before{content:"(" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-3,decimal) ") "}ul.lst-kix_ishlax8l2lm4-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ishlax8l2lm4-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-0,decimal) ") "}.lst-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5w56s9u8jrr8-1}ul.lst-kix_ishlax8l2lm4-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ishlax8l2lm4-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ishlax8l2lm4-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zgedsy2inuzi-0 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ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY- MOOD DISORDERSWe also discuss several other topics like Who were the nobilities during industrialism period?

ARTICLE ON ADDICT/ABUSE OF HEROIN (NEW ENGLAND)

  • Unipolar Depression (DSM-V)
  • Symptoms: 5 main areas of functioning may be affected: 
  1. Emotional Symptoms- feeling miserable; empty, humiliated

                                    Experiencing little pleasure

  1. Motivational Symptoms- Not wanting to put effort
  2. Behavioral Symptoms- Less active, less productive
  3. Cognitive Symptoms - Hold negative views of themselves
  4. Physical Symptoms- Headaches, dizzy spell, general pain

We also discuss several other topics like What is who's definition of health?

A major depressive episode is a period of 2 or more weeks marked by 5 or more symptoms

Don't forget about the age old question of What year did the iranian revolution take place?

Major Depressive Disorder

  • People who experience depressive episode with no history of mania

Dysthymic Disorder

  • Individuals who experience a longer- lasting (a least 2 years) but less disabling pattern of depression

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Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

  • A diagnosis given to women who repeatedly experience clinically significant symptoms during a week before menstruation

Disruptive Mood regulation disorder

  • Characterized by a combo of persistent depressive symptoms and recurrent outburst

If you want to learn more check out What is the correlation between inactive precursor and active hormones?

Maja - Depression Characteristics

  • Lifetime prevalence: 26% of women vs 12% of men

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Dysthymic Disorder

  1. Depressed mood for most days, for more day than not, for at least 2 years
  2. Presence, while depressed, of

Symptoms can last 20 years or more

Late onset- Typically in the early 20’s

  • Diathesis - Stress model of Depression

Biofactor (genes, disordered biochemistry)

Genetics: Family Pedigree Studies

                 Probonds

                 20% depressed  vs 10% general population

Twin Studies:

      -  Mono: 46% chance (identical)

      - Dizygotic : 20 % change (fraternal)

Molecular Studies: 

  • Serotonin Transporter genes

Neurotransmitters:

  • Serotonin (5HT) -involved with emotion regulation; may regulate NE
  • Norepinephrine (NE)

Hormones

  • Cortisol level increase w/ depression; Response to stress
  • Melatonin: hormone involved in the sleep=wake cycle ; prepares body for sleep

Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor (BONF)

  • Promotes the growth/survival of new neurons
  • Higher levels associated with lower rates of depression

Psychological Factors of Depression

Behavioral Theory

  • Loss of positive rewards
  • Depressed people report fewer rewards in life; when rewards increase depression decreases
  • Social rewards especially important
  • Limitations

Cognitive Theory

  • Aaron Beck
  • Cognitive errors: Negative about self, world, and future

                           Negative automatic thoughts

  • Martin Seligman
  • Learned Helplessness

Learned Helplessness and a Depressive Attributional Self

  • Internal attributions
  • Stable attributions
  • Global attributions
  • 3 (all 3) contribute to hopelessness

Negative Cognitive Trend

Self ⇆ World ⇆ Future

Integrative Model of Mood Disorders

Traits/Temperament and Depression

  • Personality traits are observable in infancy
  • Positive temperament - pos. Affect
  • Negative temperament- neg affect

  Negative affect is common in disorders

Treatment for Depression

  • 85% of people with unipolar

Behavioral Therapy

  • Lewein Sohn - A person’s mood is related to his/her life rewards

                     -  reintroduce clients

Cognitive Therapy

  • Therapy that helps them change their cognitive process

             4 Phase:

                1) Increasing activities and elevate mood

                2) Challenge automatic thoughts

    3) Identifying negative thinking and biases

    4) Changing their attitudes

Treatment of Mood Disorders -Suicide

  • Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
  • This model holds that 4 interpersonal problems may lead to depression and must be address:
  1. Interpersonal loss
  2. Interpersonal Role  dispute
  3. Interpersonal role transition
  4. Interpersonal deficits

Studies suggest that IPT is as effective as as therapy for treating depression

Electroconvulsive Therapy

  •  Involves applying brief electrical current to brain
  • Results in temporary seizures
  • Usually 6-10 treatments are requires
  • ECT effective for severe depression
  • Side Effects= short term memory loss
  • Uncertain why ECT works and relapse common

Antidepressant Drugs

MAOI’s

  • Monoamine Oxidase
  • Enzyme that breaks down serotonin and norepinephrine
  • MAO inhibitors (MAOI’s ) block monoamine oxidase
  • Slightly less effective than tricyclics (½ odf people are helped)
  • Must avoid food containing tyramine (eg beer, red wine. chess,bananas)

 

Tricyclies:

  • Discovered in the 1950’s
  • Widely used, lethal if taken in excess
  • Block reuptake of norepinephrine and other neurotransmitters
  • Takes 2-8 weeks to take effect
  • May take a while for neurons to adapt to the drugs
  • Negative side effects include dry mouth and constipation
  • Some people respond better to MAOI and some to tricyclics

SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors)

  • Prozac (depression)
  • Second Generation antidepressant
  • Specifically block reuptake of serotonin
  • Similar effectiveness as tricyclics
  • More difficult to overdose
  • SIde effects are common but more innocuous than other antidepressants
  • Suicide RiskL
  • May be more of a problem in adolescents, but research is mixed
  • May increase thoughts about suicide in the first few weeks, but once they start working they may prevent suicide

Comparing the treatments:

  • Depression responds to many treatment approaches
  • Cognitive, interpersonal and biological therapies are all highly effective treatments for mild to severe unipolar depression but are not replace -roof

Postpartum Depression (PPO)

  • DSM-V: Same criteria as major depressive episode, but occur within 4 weeks of childbirth
  • 5-25% of women affected
  • Men can also experience
  • May last several months-year
  • In addition to typical symptoms of depression, a mother with PPO may also:
  1. Be unable to care for herself or her baby
  2. Be afraid to be alone with her baby
  3. Have negative feelings toward the baby or even think about harming the baby
  4. Worry intensely about the baby, or have little interest in the baby

Causes;  Unknown, but may result from

                   - Changes in hormone levels

                   - Changes in body from pregnancy and delivery

                   - Having less time I freedom for yourself

                   - Lack of sleep

                   - Worries about ability to be a good mother

Risk factors:

  • Under 20 years old
  • Housing with money problems
  • Unplanned pregnancy
  • Abuse alcohol, drugs, smoking
  • Single or in a bad relationship

Bipolar Disorder

  • Symptoms of Mania
  • Emotional: energetic, powerful, elated mood, intensified pleasure
  • Cognitive: grandiosity, positive expectations, denial of problems, poor judgement, blame externalization
  • Behavioral- Productivity/bizarre, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviors
  • Motivational- excitement, seeking, reward-oriented, impulsive
  • Physical- insomnia, increased libido, appetite, very energetic

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