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Arkansas Tech University - SBS 4043 - Study Guide

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Schools > Arkansas Tech University > Behavioral Science > BE SC 4043 > Arkansas Tech University - SBS 4043 - Study Guide

Arkansas Tech University - SBS 4043 - Study Guide

School: Arkansas Tech University
Department: Behavioral Science
Course: Social Psychology
Professor: Ilan Shrira
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: These notes cover the material on the study guide from chapters 5 - 7.
Uploaded: 02/27/2016
0 5 3 73 Reviews
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background image Mid Term Social Psychology Study Guide      Availability Heuristic   o  Judgements of likelihood of event occurring are based on how easily you can  think of examples of it. The easier we can think of something happening, the more 
we believe it will happen. Most of the time it serves us well. 
  Representative Heuristic  o  Judging whether something belongs to a category based on how well it represents  a typical member.  o  It this thing or the person typical of putting someone into a category. Related to  stereotypes.    Anchoring Heuristic  o  When making a number judgement, we over rely on the first number that comes  to mind.    Priming  o  When recently used material influences how we respond to new information. Say  ten 10 times.  o  What are aluminum cans made out of?    Illusory Correlations  o  Over estimating the link between 2 things happening together, when there isn’t a  link. “I always get in the slow lines.”    Why do we perceive illusory correlations?  o  Relying on small samples 
o  Availability heuristic 
  Confirmation Bias  o  Tendency to look for, notice, and interpret information that confirms our  expectations.    Self-Fulfilling Prophecy  o  When your expectations lead you to behave in ways that cause the expectations to  come true.    Overcoming these biases  o  Be aware of our biases 
o  seek evidence that goes against our preconceptions 
  Similarity Heuristic  o  Appearance equals reality.    voodoo dolls 
  American flag 
  Fudge that looks like shit 
  Shooting a picture of a loved one 
  Contagion Heuristic  o  When two objects touch some property or essence, an invisible abstract property,  passes from one object to another, contaminating it. Physical contact is critical. 
The amount of contact is irrelevant. And once in contact, always in contact. 
  Cockroach in the mashed potatoes 
background image   Substitution Principle  o  If a suitable answer to a question isn’t found quickly, we give an answer to a  related question - one that’s easier to answer.    Affect Heuristic  o  Using feelings to determine your beliefs.    Belief In A Just World  o  Victim blaming helps maintain belief in a just world    “they must have deserved it; bad things can’t possibly happen to good  people.”    Hazing: we justify our suffering; “I did this really horrible thing for a  really good reason”        Attributions  o  The causal explanations people give for their own and others behaviors and for  events in general.    Self-Serving Bias  o  Making internal attributions for success and external attributions for failures.    Psychological Immune System  o  Our ability to handle distress and negative events. Our coping process.    Affective Forecasting  o  Predicting our emotions. The process of predicting how future events will  influence emotional wellbeing.    Impact bias  o  We overestimate the emotional impact events will have on us.    Why the impact bias matters  o  Big decisions are often based on how we think we will feel. 
o  Understanding this bias can lead to more accurate predictions and better 
decisions.    What’s the purpose of the impact bias?  o  Forces us to take things seriously. Sometimes more seriously than they actually  are. Can be beneficial.    Focalism  o  We focus on the predicted event to the exclusion of others.    Immune neglect  o  The tendency to overlook the important value of coping processes ( our  psychological immune system), leading people to overestimate the intensity and 
duration of distress, experienced in response to negative events. This bias disrupts 
affective forecasting, which leads people to make faulty decisions. 
  Two Sides Of Anger  o  Describe an incident in which you angered someone else, (you as the instigator)  and describe an incident in which someone angered you, (you were the victim).    Different perspectives  o  Seeing behavior as reasonable vs incomprehensible.    Was there really a good reason for the instigator to act that way?  o  Isolated incident vs multiple offenses.    Victim sees a longer time lapse of these issues.  The problems linger. 

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School: Arkansas Tech University
Department: Behavioral Science
Course: Social Psychology
Professor: Ilan Shrira
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: These notes cover the material on the study guide from chapters 5 - 7.
Uploaded: 02/27/2016
6 Pages 81 Views 64 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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