Unit 1 Quiz Study guide
Unit 1 Quiz Study guide HD 305
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Steves on Friday February 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HD 305 at Washington State University taught by Wendy Ewest in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 985 views. For similar materials see Gerontology in Human Development at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
CHAPTER 1 0 life course perspective 0 p 2 0 must understand that old age is a part of the entire course of human life 0 age differentiation 0 p 3 o from early childhood we are socialized to think about what it means to act yourage 0 age grading o p 3 0 refers to the way people are assigned different roles in society depending on their age 0 age stratification o p 3 o emphasizes that a person s position in the age structure affects behavior or a udes 0 social clock 0 p 4 o socially appropriate age for life events 0 old age categories 0 p 6 o youngold I age 6574 0 OldOld I age 7584 0 oldestold I age 85 and over 0 longitudinal research 0 p 7 0 follow individuals over long periods of time 0 key research tool to reinforce the life course perspective because it allows researchers to view developmental changes as they unfold within the same people 0 rites of passage 0 p7 0 special events that mark the transition from one role to another I ex bar mitzvah confirmation graduation ceremony or wedding 0 modernization theory of aging o p 8 o theory that states that the status of older adults declines as societies become more modern 0 modern societies have tended to devalue older people 0 suggests that the role and status of older adults are inversely related to technological progress 0 disengagement theory of aging o p 10 0 one of the earliest comprehensive attempts to explain the position of old age in modern society 0 this theory looks at old age as a time when both the older person and society engage in mutual separation like retirement from work 0 the disengagement is understood to be a natural and normal tendency reflecting a basic biological rhythm of life therefore it is functional 0 related to modernization theory because it is assumed that the status of older adults must decline as society became more modern and efficient so it is natural for older adults to disengage 0 activity theory of aging o p 12 o at the opposite pole from the disengagement theory 0 argues that the more active people are the more likely they are to be satisfied with life 0 assumes that how we think of ourselves is based on the roles or activities in which we engage we are what we do recognizes that most people in later life continue with the roles and life activities established earlier because they continue to have the same needs and values 0 continuity theory of aging o p 12 0 similar to activity theory of aging o as people grow older they are inclined to maintain as much as they can the same habits personality and style of life they developed in earlier years 0 ageism o p 13 o prejudice or negative stereotypes about people based on age 0 learned helplessness o p 14 o a pattern of dependency and depression resulting from a social environment that reinforces passivity o locus of control 0 p 14 o a range of subjectively perceived abilities to manage oneself in the environment 0 crosssectional methodology 0 p 18 o a research methodology in which people at different ages are studied at a single point in time biomarkers o p 18 0 specific physiological or functional processes that change with chronological age reserve capacity 0 p 19 o the ability of the body to recover from assaults and to withstand peakload demands on organic systems func onalage o p 19 0 age based on a measurement of performance abilities such as strength mobility and mental capacity that are distinct from chronological age life span 0 p 19 o the hypothetical maximum possible length of life determined by observing the longest any member of a species has lived life expectancy o p 19 o the predicted length of life usually from some specific point in time such as birth antagonistic pleiotropy o p 19 o the idea that some genetically determined trait can be beneficial early in life but harmful in later life free radicals o p 21 o molecules of oxygen ionized because of an extra electron glycosylation o p 21 o a process commonly known as caramelization in which proteins combine with sugar as when food turns brown after cooking role loss 0 p 23 o the process of giving up or losing previous roles such as the role of spouse with widowhood or the role of worker with retirement cognitive theory of aging o p 23 o a view of aging that emphasizes individual subjective perception rather than actual objective change itself as the factor that determines behavior associated with advance age activities of daily living ADLs o p 24 o everyday tasks that are required for people to live on their own such as the abilities to feed oneself go to the toilet take a bath and get out of bed compression of morbidity o p 26 o the postponement of illness until later and later into advanced age spiritual wellbeing o p 35 o a measure of the role of religion in its positive impact on individual mental hea h hab ua on o p 51 o the idea R Kastenbaum that aging can be understood as gradually becoming more and more mechanical in response to the environment a process that can begin early in life Gompertz law 0 p 57 o the statistical tendency of mortality or death rate to double with every 8 years of advancing age rateof living concept 0 p 58 o the idea that the level of metabolism and average length of life are statistically related to one another wearandtear theory of aging o p 59 o the idea that changes associated with aging are the result of chance damage to the body that accumulates over time somatic mutation theory of aging o p 60 o the biological theory that aging results from damage to the genetic integrity of the body s cells accumulative waste theory of aging o p60 0 the biological theory of aging that points to a buildup of cells of waste products that presumably interferes with metabolism autoimmune theory of aging o p 60 o the idea that aging results from gradual decline to the body s autoimmune system agingclock theory of aging o p 61 o the idea that aging results from a preprogrammed sequence as in a clock built into the operation of the nervous or endocrine system of the body collagen o p 61 o a protein that makes up the connective tissue found in skin bones and tendons of the body crosslinkage theory of aging o p 62 o the idea that aging results from accumulation of crosslinked compounds that interfere with normal cell function freeradical theory of aging o p 62 o the idea that free radicals unstable and highly reactive organic molecules create damage that gives rise to symptoms we recognize as aging antioxidant o p 62 o a substance that destroys free radicals thereby preventing damage to cell structures cellular theory of aging o p 62 o the view that aging can be explained largely by changes in structure and function taking place in the cells of an organism Hayflick limit 0 p 62 o a maximum number of cell divisions that normal cells undergo as typically measured in a laboratory dish online textbook study site wwwsagebubcommoody8e
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