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Midterm Study Guide HST 203

by: Klawr13

Midterm Study Guide HST 203 HST 203 05

Marketplace > Grand Valley State University > History > HST 203 05 > Midterm Study Guide HST 203
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Beginning of semester gathering and foraging Paleolithic through the Urban Revolution.
SWS World History to 1500 AD
Jessica Elliot
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Klawr13 on Friday February 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HST 203 05 at Grand Valley State University taught by Jessica Elliot in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see SWS World History to 1500 AD in History at Grand Valley State University.


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Date Created: 02/26/16
Test #1 Study Guide Paleolithic Era 9600 BCE  Reliance on foraging o Hunting and gathering  Simple stone tools  Nomadic lifestyle- move where resources are available  Egalitarian society- all same jobs (gatherers)  Gendered division of labor o Men hunt/women gather  Cave art Neolithic Era 9600-4500 BCE  Advanced stone tools  Cultivation for subsidence o Wild plants and wild animals- encouraged growth o Bringing wild animals into dependence of human contact  Providing food, clearing out food, protecting from predators  Domestication of plants and animals  Population growth  Villages and towns  cities o Once settles must stay, dependent on agriculture Early Centers of Agriculture Fertile Crescent 9500 BCE Sub Saharan Africa 9000-600 BCE China 6500-5500 BCE Mesopotamia 4000 BCE Peru 3000 BCE River Valleys  Rich soil- silt comes up with water, flooding  Continuous source of water  Irrigation  Protection- natural borders, enemies must cross water Foraging- time for culture and socializing  Pros: adaptable, knowledgeable, varied diet, free time to gather  Cons: availability, poisonous food, small families, limited child bearing Farming is the opposite  Pros: large families, large supply  Cons: dependent on crops, time, theft, property, seasonal  Less productive per unit of work  More product per unit of land Social Distinctions  Landed wealth  Social class  Patriarchal society  Specialization of labor o Different occupations Health in the Neolithic Era  Height- shorter: diet lacks nutrients  Bone density: more fragile  Disease of malnutrition: anemia, rickets  Infectious disease: leprosy, TB, malaria (close contact)  Arthirtis: grinding, hard work  Tooth decay- high: enzymes react with wheat  Birth rate-high: demand for working families  Death during childbirth: birth more often, greater chances  Life expectancy- low Agriculture- more people live, quality of life decreases Domestic crops- support large populations  Afroeurasia: wheat, rice, barley, sorghum  America: corn Animals  Flexible diet  Fast growth rate  Ability to be bred in capacity  Pleasant disposition  Unlikely to panic  Social hierarchy- follow humans  Camels, horse, goats, cows, llama, alpaca, guinea pigs


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