SOC 2181 Study Guide: Test 1
SOC 2181 Study Guide: Test 1 SOC 2181
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by -deleted-apierson on Sunday February 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 2181 at George Washington University taught by Buntman in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see South African Political Sociology in Sociology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/08/15
Conflict theory Marxist theory that argues law is defined by people who have power in such a way as to protect their power Garmsci s hegemony dominant ways of thinking where the dominated are coerced to give their consent to be dominated Bantu term that reflects prejudice an marginalization refers to the black African peoples of South Africa Apartheid literal meaning of separateness a comprehensive legal political economic social repressive and ideological system of minority white racial rule over a black majority that structured the South African state and society in virtually all respects Bartholomeu Dias Portuguese explorer who reached Mossel Bay in 1487 Helen Suzman South African women very involved in prison reform Steve Biko founder of the South African Student Organization SASO Was also a major player in the Black Consciousness Movement BCM Played a major role in reigniting black resistance to apartheid in the late 60s South Africa s conception of race is very similar to the US s quotone drop rulequot There are strong community ties Gender and age are the two main forms of social hierarchy men had more respect than women and the old had more respect than the young Although early South Africa was not a democracy the politics were still based on consent rather than coercion Power based on legitimacy will be a theme in this course Europeans settled the nomadic west and moved to the moresettled east As they moved east Europeans were met with more resistance Hegel s dialectal tension anytime you have something in existence it s going to have a response This is the thesis and the antithesis The assimilation of these two ideas creates the synthesis which in turn produces another antithesis and so on That dynamism is what Hegel calls quotdialectal tensionquot British used the quotdivide and rulequot strategy to emphasize ethnic cleavages in South Africa 4 Cs of influence communism capitalism colonialism Christianity Discovery of diamonds and gold in the 1870s and 1880s increases importance of land to the British Legal foundation of Apartheid it s not just about understanding structures but rather the deep ideological commitments and how people see themselves Whites wanted apartheid to be of legal legitimacy the right to rule through law l948 l980 white support grows under Apartheid in part due to a growing diversified economy Increased sophistication in the economy occurs l980s we hit the structural constraints of Apartheid economically South Africa needed more skilled labor but there are not enough Afrikaaners or English speakers to fill that quota The black population is under trained so they can t fulfill that need CQDCQF Apartheid was helped by the Cold War because they solidified themselves as anti communist Antiapartheid movement becomes of social efficacy in the 80s ANC is particularly strong in the 50s due to new leadership under Mandela Tambo and Sisulu PAC breaks from the ANC in 59 and plays a major role in dissembling Apartheid 6570 is the quietest time of resistance to apartheid and also contains apartheid s greatest efforts to remain in power security legislation increases organizations are banned dissent was classified as terrorism imprisonment increases Steve Biko is the first to encourage Indians blacks and colored people to join together against apartheid Black school students lead a huge resistance especially in l976 when students rebel against the requirement that Afrikaans will be the language in which they learn That marks the beginning of the end of apartheid National party is desperate to remain in control makes a few half hearted economic reforms and begins the tricameral parliament Indian colored white parliament But ensured that whites still held the majority Idea of legality versus legitimacy Truth and Reconciliation Commission only challenged the illegal acts committed under apartheid most notably torture But law is what made apartheid powerful so many quotcrimesquot were legal and not challenged United Democratic Front UDF one of the most important anti apartheid organization of South Africa Put a lot of pressure on the government in the 80s which led to increased torture but also apartheid s fall 1956 Development Trust and Land Act says blacks cannot own land 1949 Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act restricts marriage between races 1950 Immortality Amendment Act restricts seX between races 1950 Population Registration Act Classifies everyone into one of four racial groups colors whites blacks Indians 0 The cruX of Apartheid o Leads to the Group Areas Acts 1950 1950 Group Areas Acts based partially on economics both segregated residential areas and also coerced blacks into low level jobs
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