COMM 288 SUT JHALLY EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE
COMM 288 SUT JHALLY EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE Comm 288
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Date Created: 02/08/15
COMM 288 STUDY GUIDE EXAM 2 Readings Michael Kimmel quotBros Before Hos The Guy Code CJ Pascoe quotDude You re a Fagquot Allan Johnson quotFatal Distraction Manhood Guns and Violencequot Jason Schultz quotGetting Off on Feminismquot Films Wrestling with Manhood Boys Bullying and battering Michael Kimmel Venus Mars or Planet Earth The Bro Code Michael Kimmel quot Bros before Hos39 The Guy Codequot What is the unifying emotional subtext of what it means to be a man p 45 involves never showing emotion or admitting to weakness the face you must show must show that everything is going just ne and that everything is under control What is not an option in what it means to be a man p 45 kindness nor compassion Who is masculinity largely performed for p 47 other guys What is the status of women in the performance of masculinity p 47 women are for possessing not for emulating women have a low place Who are the gender policequot p 47 our peers How is a manly front maintained p 48 everything we do what we wear how we walk every mannerism every movement contains a gender code How do women suspect a man might be gay p 49 women focus on emotional aspects such as if the man is interested in what she39s talking about knows what she39s talking about or is sensitive What is the animating fear of American guys masculinity p 50 homophobia 12 13 14 15 16 How does Kimmel characterize the deepest aspect of homophobia p 50 it is the fear of other men it is the fear that other men will perceive you as a failure as a fraud 10 What would happen to a young man who refused the limiting parameters of the guy code p 50 they are questioned for being a fag 11 Why do young men expose themselves to health risks workplace hazards and stressrelated illnesses p 51 the stakes are so enormous so they take huge chances to prove their manhood What do biological theories of manhood fail to account for p 51 the way masculinity is coerced and policed relentlessly by other guys How old was the young AfricanAmerican boy who was taken to the barbers p 5152 three and a half What did Freud believe was the key to boys development p 52 separation the boy must separate from the mother to the father What is the culture of crueltyquot p 53 peers force other boys to deny their emotional needs and disguise their feelings What does the Boy Code disconnect boys from p 53 leaves them disconnected from a wide range of emotions and are prohibited from sharing those emotions 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 Why do boys turn to anger and violence p 54 they believe it is the only acceptable form of emotional expression How does Kimmel describe the conforming pressure of the Guy Code p 54 reinforces the message of boy code suppressing what was left of boyhood and turning it into sullen indifference How does Guyland enable young men to be strategic in their expression of masculinity p 55 this intermediate moment poised between adolescence and adulthood enables young men to be strategic they can be men when it suits them and they can also be boys when it suits them 20 According to James Gilligan what is the primary or ultimate cause of all violence p 55 the emotion of shame How do Americans like to think of wars p 56 our understanding of violence helps us to grow aggression quot so unsure of ourselves it has to be provedquot Where does the contemporary Guy Code descend from p 57 older notions of honor a man had to be ready to ght to prove himself in the eyes of others What is the main element of the Guy Code p 57 violence of the threat of violence What do hospitals near a college campus do at the 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 weekend p 58 stock extra supplies such as rape kits ivs for those who are dehydrated from drinking blood for drunk driving accidents What is the culture of entitlement based on p 59 the reward for subscribing to the guy code What is one of the ways that boys become men p 61sHence Why do boys cheer ghts when they don t really like them p 62 if you don39t they39ll turn on you and you39ll be the next one in the ring Why do girls participate in the culture of silence p 62 if they go along with it the cool guys will like them What does the culture of violence gives everyone who participates in it p 62 a mark of shame What is the culture of protection p 63 protective bubble of community support that surrounds Guyland What does parents natural instinct to protect children also do p 63 may also infantilize them keep them from accepting responsibility for their actions or confronting the negative consequences of their mistakes What often happens to those who challenge the culture of protection p 64 they are vili ed ostracized from their communities and 33 35 36 37 threatened with retaliation that they might as well join the Witness Protection Program How did the community see the boys of Glen Ridge who participated in the gang rape of a 17year old girl p 65 they were not pathological deviants they were high status athletes well respected they were regular guys 34 What did the boys who refused to participate in the rape and left do afterwards p 66 they did not call the police or the school or anyone What is another way that Kimmel describes the culture of silence p 67 culture of complicity What relationship is crucial in Guyland p 68 the relationship between perpertrators and bystanders What does Kimmel believe we need to do to get boys beyond the borders of Guyland p 69 CJ Pascoe quotDude You39re a Fag Adolescent Male Homophobiaquot What do boys learn long before adolescence about faggots p 53 they learned that faggots were simultaneously predatory and passive and that they were at all costs to be avoided In addition to sexual identity what else does becoming a fagquot have to do with p 54 failing as 10 11 the masculine tasks of competence heterosexual prowess or strength or in any way revealing weakness or femininity What does DL King s work point out about homophobia p 55 homophobia is characterized by racial identities as well as sexual and gendered ones Why did boys call lesbians good p 56 because of their place in heterosexual male fantasy What does gay seem to be a synonym for p 56 stupid What did some boys eg Darnell go to pains to point out about the term quotfagquot p 57 it did not imply sexuality What does the Eminem Exceptionquot say about the term quotfagquot p58 he does not call people faggot because of their sexual orientation but because they are weak and unmanly In the contemporary psychological literature what is pathologized p 59 gay male effeminancy How can the war against fag as the specter of unmasculine manhood reveal itself in gay male personal ads Men look straightappearing straight acting men What is the fag discourse central to p 60 boys39 joking relationship How the fag identity be escaped p 61 by 12 13 14 15 thrusting another boy into that position What is masculinity a carefully crafted appearance of p 63 not caring about appearance What is the term metrosexual mean p 63 straight men who care about their appearance Why did dancing put boys at risk of being labeled a fag p 63 feminized meaning in dancing Why did Jacob and Liam have such a hard time following the instruction in the dance class p 64 65 it was so dangerous to dance like this because of the fag discourse 16 Why did Ricky embody the fag p 65 had multicolored hair extensions sported mascara and sometimes a skirt 17 What did Ricky have to contend with p 66 intense harassment 18 What did the straight boys face in Ricky p 69 a terrifying embodied abject not just some specter of a fag 19 How did boys claim they would react to Rick s going to the prom p 6970 they wouldn t go 20 How did Ricky respond to the harassment p 70 walked with his eyes down varied his route to and from school 21 What did the administration s lack of protection for Ricky mean p 71 meant facing torture on a regular basis 22 Why was white the standin for fag for African American boys p 71 they were more likely teasing each other for being white than being a fag white men are by default feminized 23 What is the cool pose p 72 pants are usually several sizes too big shirts and sweaters are also oversized tags are left on hats askewed meticulously clean shoes 24 What meanings did dancing carry for African American boys who participated in hiphop culture p 73 masculine meanings 25 Why were AfricanAmerican boys punished more stringently than whites when using the fag discourse p 76 because they were regarded as so hypersexual 26 What were places of escape from the fag discourse p 78 drama class and drama performances 27 Why was the dramatic performance a space of liberation and relaxation p 81 the boys were able to try on gender identities integrating masculine and feminine without fear of being teased 28 Why does Pascoe talk about a fag discourse as opposed to homophobia p 81 it is not just homophobia but a gendered and racialized homophobia 29 What is an quotabjectquot p 81 a position outside masculinity that actually constitutes masculinity 30 What weight did Ricky bear for the straight boys p 82 he bore the weight of the fears and anxieties of the boys in the school who frantically lobbed the fag epithet at each other Allan Johnson quotFatal Distractionquot Why is it dif cult forJohnson to listen to the latest national conversation about gun violence He has grandchildren the same age as the children that were killed What are denial and willful ignorance used for Self protection What is the most immediate reason why we do not ask about the connection between men and violence Men won t like if you do When Johnson has testi ed before government commissions what does he point out The response has been the same quotwe can39t do that Men will get upset they will think we re talking about themquot What becomes the focus when men engage in murder the murder but not the men What does the evidence from the rest of the world show about what happens when you limit access to guns Lowers rate of murders and suicide What is it much easier to talk about than the 10 11 12 13 14 15 question of men and violence It is much easier to argue the ne points of the rst and second amendments What are guns and violence instruments of control If violence is not an aberration or a product of mental illness what is it Integral part of the American way of life What challenge does every man or boy face of signaling either their own capacity for violence or their support if not admiration for that potential in other males What does every Presidential candidate have to demonstrate Their quali cations to be the Commander in Chief their willingness and readiness to make use of the US military39s massive capacity for violence What is the voice of complicity Mere silence What shapes every man s standing as real man in this society An obsession with control What is a characteristic of a patriarchal society Maleidenti ed men are de ned as the standard for the society What is the capacity for violence and owning a gun seen as Universally human 16 What is inevitable as gender limitations are broken down by the women s movement many 17 18 19 women will adopt male identi ed ideals about power and control as their own What has the obsession with control become Shapes every social institution What is the national silence about manhood really about it is about protecting a way of life even if it means failing to protect our children When a society is dominated by ideas of control and violence what kind of place is it Frightening place to be 20 What does Johnson say we have to do if we want to change the pattern of violence Break the sHence Jason Schultz quotGetting Off on Feminismquot What is there no powerful alternative image of in the culture Sexy party in the absence of female sex workers What do strippers provide in male relationships Bonding connecting with each other without becoming vulnerable What do female sex workers at a bachelor party allow men to do easier to be a guy with other guys when a chick is around When men discuss sex in terms of actions what do 10 11 they gain from other men They can gain recognition and validation of their sexuality from other men without having to expose their feelings about sex What did Schultz nd himself wondering as the bachelor party approached Whether his friends and him could come together and chill and af rm their status as sexual straight men without buying into homophobic or sexist expressions What cultural tugof war are straight men caught in between the Marlboro man and the wimp What belief does Choice A re ect Re ects the belief that straight male desire inherently contradicts the goals of feminism and fails to contribute to the empowerment of women What does assumption about hetero male sex does Choice B make That hetero male sex is inherently patriarchal What does Choice C say about how a feminist man should act sexually with women He should take no dominant or aggressive position How is gay male culture different than straight male culture When does straight male culture experience a void Whenever it tries to assert some image other than the sexist hetero male 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 What must we do if we truly want to change straight male sexuality We must move beyond private one on one af rmations and change public and commercial ones What is the dichotomy of desire that is confusing and frustrating Women complain about a man who is misogynist while af rming his desirability Why do some straight feminists seek out traditional men not only because it is the type of man they have been taught to desire but because he is familiar to them In a new feminist sexuality for men where do we need to nd strength and desire outside of macho antiwomen ways of being masculine What does breeding prioritize and what does it limit its goals to Prioritizes heterosexuality and within straight sex limits its goal to the act of vaginal intercourse If we want hetero men to change what do we have to give them Viable choices What is the silence of straight men based on What are the reasons that Schulz rejects the whole stripper thing the real issues of economics the treat ment of women and the limitation of my own sexual personae push me to reject the whole stripper thing in favor of some thing elsequot 20 What was the most important aspect of the bachelor 21 party that Schultz organized For men to be both good and sexy what has to happen Generate our own demands and desires in an honest equitable way for feminist straight women to hear Film Wrestling With Manhood 1 Why is it a mistake to not take wrestling seriously Tremendous and widespread population it enjoys today 2 What does Vince McMahon say wrestling is trying to evoke from people Some sort of emotion 3 Which media genre can wrestling best be compared to Soap opera HAPPY amp ESCALATING VIOLENCE 4 What is the predominant way that people have paid attention to wrestling They imitate it 5 What is the most extreme manifestation of the phenomena of imitation Young boys have killed or harmed other kids while imitating the things seen on WWE People do not understand that these people are professionals they do it at home and hurt each other Backyard wrestling 6 What is quothappy violencequot Cartoon style violence Real life consequences of violence are pushed out of view People get hurt and its all forgotten very quickly 7 What are wrestlers coconspirators in 8 What is the lesson to be drawn from Mick Foley s kids They were brought backstage and told numerous times that their father would not actually be hurt but they were still hysterical when they saw him wrestling If they were upset what does it do to others who are not being reassured no one gets hurt 9 What two stories could explain what is going on with backyard wrestling Stories of wrestling tell them no matter what they do they will somehow escape a real injury Also is telling them stories of how to be a real mean BULLYING 10What was demonstrated clearly by the character played by Vince McMahon Humiliating your opponent physically and mentally 11What does the widespread phenomena of bullying in schools suggest Must be something in the culture that suggests a real man is a bully someone who scares and intimidates other people 12 What was unusual when Steve Austin became a heel in his career The crowd cheered him and turned him into one of the most popular wrestlers of all time He was supposed to be a villain where people ruled against him happened to be the opposite 13 What is the danger with Steve Austin s popularity Because bullying is part of his character people identify with the bully not the person being bullied It is glamorizing bullying HOMOPHOBIA amp CONSTRUCTING HETEROSEXUALITY 14 What is constantly bubbling just under the surface in professional wrestling They are in close intimate contact with each other Sexual desire between men is just under the surface 15 What techniques are used to compensate for the homoerotic tension Clearly proving the masculinity on display is not homosexual Do this by using derogatory terms to separate themselves from homosexuals Try to feminize each other 16 What was the function of Chuck and Billy They are gay characters When people are making fun of them calling them gay it makes the other men look straight People in the audience don39t like them because they are gay They are there to prove the straight sexuality of the other wrestlers 17 Why did Triple H ridicule Kurt Angle as a quotsissyquot Because he cried when he accepted his gold medal at the Olympics 18 How did Kurt Angle prove he was not a sissy Brutally beating the man who questioned his man hood proving his sexuality by kissing triple H s wife DIVAS 19 What is one of the major functions of the female stars of wrestling Help demonstrate the heterosexual identity of the men 20 What is the basic function of matches between female wrestlers Provide a spectacle for men strip each other whip cream match etc winner strips the other of their dress Lots of story lines of them teasing and distracting men 21 What is the lesson to be learnt from the lesson on Chyna She is extremely athletic she becomes a major character in her own right She had to become softer more vulnerable women She had plastic surgery to transform herself into the real man fantasy NORMALIZING GENDER VIOLENCE 22 If wrestling does not directly cause boys and men to become abusive what is its role It contributes to an atmosphere where violence towards women is not taken seriously 23 What plotline does the stripping of women s power maturity and basic humanity lead to 24 How can we say that men s violence against women is sexuaHzed Men say that the violence and anguish in their eyes turns them on 25 How did the violent relationship between Triple H and Stephanie mirror the structure of abuse in battering relationships in the real world She is seen as cheating and manipulating so when he is beating her it is presented as inevitable or deserved 26 What did Stone Cold Austin and his wife demonstrate in the summer of 2002 Austin abuses his wife in real life she calls police and had huge welt on her face 27 What is perhaps the most disturbing aspect of the scene played out between Vince McMahon and Trish Stratus it is sexual harassment making a joke of sexual assault in the workplace 28 How did Vince McMahon justify his treatment of Trish Stratus He says that Trish deserved it because she is trash and a tramp IT S ONLY ENTERTAINMENT 29 What has never taken place in the cartoon world that Vince McMahon has created Women and men working together as peers It is as if the women s movement never happened 30 What is one effect of making bullying and violence against women and gays just entertainment What does it mean that we are entertained by beating up women stereotypical depiction of homosexuals humiliating others When we see it in the real world we do not take it seriously 31 What gets men off the hook from having to take responsibility for violence The use of humor 32 If Stone Cold and Triple H were real rebels what would they be doing Organizing a union against the boss not beating him up They would organize with the women to ght domestic abuse not glorifying it 33 What trick has Vince McMahon pulled off Took a conservative 19505 version of the world and sold it as conservative McMahon has pulled off a great trick he has manipulated people into paying millions of dollars for a fake world Film Michael Kimmel Mars Venus or Planet Earth 1What according to Kimmel is the living refutation ofJohn Gray s book Men are from Mars and Women are from Venus Men and women coeducation Men and women are more alike than different 2 When it comes to gender what is the real story of variation Variation between men variation between women 3What happened to reporting of sexual harassment after Anita Hill testi ed in the Clarence Thomas hearings They said she made the whole thing up they treated her horribly quota chilling affectquot on American women saying that women would now be afraid to come forward and report sexual harassment 4What do the surveys that Kimmel references dealing with how women feel about men tell us Kimmel believes that the data shows the enormous changes in women s lives He thinks that women expect more from men and they get disappointed 5n what areas of life have women s lives changed in the past 3540 years 1 Women made gender visible 2 Transformation of the workplace 3 Being able to have a family and a job 4 Sexuality women today can feel pleasure in sex 6What do the surveys that Kimmel references dealing with masturbation and faking orgasm tell us Shows us that women now feel entitled to sexual pleasure they are not ashamed of it 7What has happened to men s lives in the last 40 years Women have been introduced in virtually every aspect of their life Work school family etc 8What has happened to the ideology of masculinity in the last 40 years Not a lot Virtually remains the same 9What are the rules of masculinity 1 nothing that hints at femininity 2 Making a lot of money wealth and power 3 Physically strong 4 Take risks live life on the edge 10Why is making gender visible to men a political act 11When does Kimmel say he became a middleclass white man When he looked in the mirror and simply saw a human being 12What does the quotdot eduquot at the end of American educational email addresses reveal Every other country has an identi er at the end of email address saying what country they are from Our country is privileged and when you are dominant every other country is quototherquot 13What will making gender visible do for young boys 14What has to be confronted to make sure that masculinity does not become a relentless test always having to be demonstrated Homophobia the fear that other men will see us as gay 15What do we have to confront to understand why men resist gender equality Men39s entitlement 16 According to Kimmel when gender is made visible what else is also made visible P v ege 17According to Kimmel what is nurturing A set of practices things people do 18What has to happen before women get family friendly workplaces Men have to support this and get involved 19What is the difference between a politics of passion and a politics of friendship Politics of passion is feeling powerless out of control vulnerable Politics of friendship are peer relationships equals 20What happens when men share housework and childcare responsibilities The more egalitarian the marriage is the more equal Kids do better in school happier healthier Wives are happier healthier less likely to see psychologists stay physically t etc men are healthier and happier have more sex 21What do most American high school students hear is the best way to reduce risk of HIV transmission Abstinence 22What Kimmel say we have to do to safe sex to make it appeaHng Have to make it sexy 23What is the difference between men and women when it comes to safety in sexuality Men feel that safety is a negation to sexiness women cannot feel sexual without feeling safe She needs to know her body will be respected 24 What does all the advice to women about how to prevent becoming the victim of sexual assault Teaches them ways to avoid sexual assault It implies that men are wild out of control animals that will be all over you if you do not police yourself 25What does sexual assault depend upon The choices that men make 26What did the writer Floyd Dell think feminism would make possible In 1916 he said that feminism will make it possible for the rst time for men to be free Film quotThe Bro Codequot 1According to Thomas Keith what is womanizing about Power and privilege sense of entitlement 2What values does Jersey Shore re ect The most traditional old fashion sexist way possible the goal to get sex with as many women as possible 3What is the goal for woman on Jersey Shore To compete with other women to see who can be the sexiest naughtiest hottest 4What is the feedback loop that Keith refers to Kids are copying what they see on television and tv is re ecting what kids are doing 5How can we see the womanizing attitude on university campuses The slogan bros before hoes 6How did an email from a Kappa Sigma member refer to women as As targets 7How does Maxim describe itself For manly men 8n addition to nonMaxim men who else are target of insult for Maxim bro gay men and any male thought to be remotely feminine 9According to Keith what is one strategy for neutralizing a group of people Turn them into a joke 10How did Seth McFarlane defend the joke about Brokeback Mountain We are supposed to be laughing at the stupidity of the joke but the young men watching do not look at it this way 11How are gay men portrayed as comedic gures By feminizing them 12What kind of women frightens the womanizer Smart women 13What is rule one of the bro code Build men who feel the need to build and control women 14What does Michael Leahy believe is the basis of sex education for guys Pornography Get a taste at a young age because so readily available on the internet Boys are usually 12 or 13 when they rst experience porn compared to women at age 16 15What do boys learn about women in the porni ed world View that women are sexual things for their use Show that women constantly crave sex View that women love to be sexuaHzed 16What has Dominic come to relish The experience of having something more meaningful than porn 17According to Rory Reid what can overconsumption of pornography lead to They cannot get sexually aroused by a real life person They can only be aroused and reach orgasm through watching porn 18According to RobertJensen what can men who habitually use pornography withdraw from Intimacy and sexuality because so much of their energy is being used for pornogrophy 19What does the success of Gonzo porn indicate That men and boys now a days are aroused by the humiliation and degrading things they do to women in this porn Degrading women is extremely attractive to men 20What does John Stagliano the father of Gonzo porn worry about quotsome people like to abuse other people and I worry that we re creating art that feeds on that that reinforces that and says it s a good thingquot He says PEOPLE abuse other PEOPLE instead of men abusing women 21According to Shira Tarrant what does seeing more porn lead to 22What does Jenna Jameson say about whether she would let her daughter go into porn quotI d tie her in the closet because this is such a hard industry for a woman to get ahead and get the respect that she deserves 23According to Keith what is pornography an impediment to Liberatory and egalitarian porn 24According to Michael Kimmel when does Fantasy Island become a problem When you go and you cant get back when you want your real life to re ect your fantasy life 25According to Aristotle what are we quotWe are what we repeatedly do not an action but a habit 26What was Bobby Knight s advice to women who were being raped quotI think that if rape is inevitable relax and enjoy itquot 27Where do the majority of sexual assaults on college women occur Dance clubs dorms parties 28What is Seth McFarlane smart enough to know That rape jokes sell especially to young male audiences 29According to Police Lieutenant Mark Gagan what happened as word of a gang rape spread Many came to watch and some even participated while nobody called the police 30According to Keith what is a pervasive part of the male code Don t snitch or don t tell 31What advice does JW Wiley give 32Who can be masculinity cops In uences around us who show us how to be men Can be dad brothers mom coaches friends other women 33What do all masculinity cops share The desire and ability to remind boys and men the rules of masculinity to give out citations when boys break the rules 34How does male suicide compare with female suicide Men commit suicide 4 times more than women 35What did a young boy say to Tony Porter about being accused of playing like a girlquot the boy said it would destroy him 36What is the Marlboro Man ethos That men are essentially loners who keep their feelings to themselves who are more comfortable in the wild or at a boy 37Why do women often choose the bad boy Women want men to be more sensitive and affectionate but there is something in our culture that tells us that the bad guy is the sexy guy Women believe when they love men they will change
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