Study guide exam 1
Study guide exam 1
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by JustAnotherStudent on Sunday February 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 86 views.
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Date Created: 02/08/15
9 Q1 Exam 1 9 15 mm 93qu NH far SEWmg m k m L TD m L L39 Things you should know Ecologicol Theory of developmenT o Who Bronfenbrenner ond whoT ore They o Individuol mesosysTem microsysTem MocrosysTem ChronosysTem Three domoins of developmenT ConcepT of Theories Resiliency ond risllt focTor KNOW THEM WELLlllll SE3 Fomilior wiTh The concest of heoring ond visuol developmenT generol sense Know The difference beTween gross moTor sltills ond fine moTor sltills Types of reseorch Broinneurol developmenT WhoT ore geneTics vs environmenT noTure v nurTure 8 InfonT reflexes nomes Times WhoT ore common TeroTogens WhoT do They do Review orenoTol core nuTriTion eorly infoncy Know ond be reody To Tolt obouT o couple TheoreTicoI conceoTs buT you wonT To know 0 liTTle biT obouT oil of Them Mony of These quesTions ore oslted in The 2 ocTiviTies included in The sTudy guide Ecological Systems Theory httpwwwtr nsitionalcareorgwpcontent uplogdsZO1308ecolog lsvstemstheorvpng Yn o39h39onowt 391 39 socwo39nslovo ordttorw and mm 1 e le cvmts Malnutrition Type Consequences Marasmus diel low in all essenlial Lgs nq physicc damage Ulr39l39onl learning and behavioural effecls risk of dealh Kwoshiorkor ldiel very lowin prolein Lasling physical damage learning and behavioural effecls Food insecurily 2l of American Effecls on physical growlh learning children will suffer problems Vision and Hearing Developmenls in Hearinq Age Slage 4 7 monlhs Sense of musical phrasing 6 7 monlhs Dislinguishes musical lunes based on varialions in rhylhmic pallerns 6 8 monlhs Screens oul sounds nol used in nalive language 6 12 monlhs Delecls sound regularilies in human speech 7 9 monlhs Begins lo divide speech slream inlo word like unils Development in Vision Supported by rapid maturation of eyes and visual centres in the brain Age Stage 2 months Focus 4 months Adult level colour vision 6 months Acuity scanning and tracking 6 7 months Depth perception Milestones in depth perception Ages Stages 3 4 weeks Sensitivity to motion cues 2 3 months Sensitivity to binocular depth cues how far away something is or how close objects are to another 5 7 months Sensitivity to pictorial depth cues how artists can make a picture look realistic Three Periods of Prenatal Development Period of the Zygote 0 Last 2 weeks 0 During initial days the zygote is undergoing cell multiplication 0 Days 79 implantation occurs during which the blastocyst burrows into the uterine lining o The chorion what surrounds the amnion begins to form 0 Villi grow from the chorion in the uterine wall and the placentas starts to develop 0 The placenta is connected to the baby via the umbilical cord Period of the embryo o Lasts 6 weeks 0 First month ectoderm mesoderm and endoderm are formed 0 Neural tube is formed 0 Second month Growth is continuing rapidly pg64 Period of the foetus 0 Third month organs muscles and nervous system start to become organised and connected 0 Second Trimester 0 Many organs are well developed by 20 weeks 0 Most of the brain neurons are in place 0 Third trimester 0 Age of viability 2226 weeks 0 Fetus takes on beginnings of personality Brain Growth and Maturation 0 Brain is approximately 25 it s adult weight at birth 75 at about two years 0 Head circumference measurements provide a rough estimate of brain growth Regions of the Cerebral Cortex o Frontal lobe body movement and coordination o Parietal lobe body sensation o Occipital lobe visual cortex 0 Temporal lobe auditory cortex Brain Development 0 Cells 0 Neurons specialized cells of the nervous system basic unit of the brain 0 Dendrites allow neurons to receive input 0 Synapses connections between neurons 0 Increase brain weight 0 Transient exuberance rapid dendrite increase number 0 Pruning redundant unused o Hemispheres left and right halves 0 Brain plasticity extent to which the brain organization is flexible 0 Parts of brain are not yet specialized 0 Recovery is better from brain injury Language better than spatial skills 0 Shaken Baby Syndrome 0 Babies do not have the muscle support in their head and neck which in turn if shaken roughly will rattle their brain and can cause terrible damage if not kill them 0 Head sparing last part of the body to be damaged by malnutrition Newborn reflexes o Moro if baby falls back baby reaches 0 Rooting if you touch moth mouth looks for nipple o Sucking feeding o Stepping trying to get footing on surface Theoretical Concepts Psychosexual theory Freud Psychosocial theory Erikson Behaviourism Watson Social Learning theory Bandura CognitiveDevelopmental theory Piaget Sociocultural theory Vygotsky Ecological Systems theory Bronfenbrenner NP P PP N Activity 1 Answers on the last page of the study guide worked on this in class as groups typed of sheet of 0 s Readings Pages Topic 6166 Prenatal development 6674 Prenatal environmental influences 7681 Approaches to childbirth and medical interventions Questions to answer 1 S F 10 What are the three prenatal development periods What occurs developmentally during each period What is a teratogen What factors influence the effects of teratogen What are at least two potential child outcomes when moms and dads consume or are exposed to the following teratogens a IHegaldrugs b Tobacco c Alcohol d Radiation e Environmental pollution f Infectious disease What are some potential outcomes of mom s malnutrition during pregnancy Why is it important for mom to include sources of folic acid in her diet during pregnancy What are at least three reasons that it is important to have regular quality prenatal care during pregnancy What are two conditions for which medical intervention may be necessary during labour and delivery What is the role of foetal monitoring in these situation Explain the difference between preterm infants and smallfordate infants What are some of the consequences for preterm babies Include both characteristics of the child and caregiving outcomes Activity 2 These are questions that the class as a whole came up and where answered in class The bolded questions are one that the instructor said were important to know However even it not bolded does not mean to disregard NO ATTACHMENT STYLES ON THIS EXAM l 2 10 ll 12 13 14 15 lo l7 l8 19 20 2t 22 What is the recommend time to breast feed your child Benefits of breast feeding Who s ecological theory What are they Does adoption change genetic makeup What are some risks of medication while pregnant How does SES potentially effect ones development Environment vs genetics Why would the left or right hemisphere develop more slowly excluding drugs How can foster care effect a child How many stages are there in the birth process What are the three phases of embryotic development Can twins have the same genotype but different phenotype What is a theory What are some teratogens Risks associated with preterm birth and low birth weight What does cephelo caudle mean What is the normal birthing presentation of the baby Last part of the body to suffer from malnutrition Does the brain develop all at once or at different rate What is neural plasticity What is pruning What are three different experiment types 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 What is the APGAR test What is the difference between preterm and small for date What are the difference between Critical and Sensitive periods What is the zone of proximal development What are the three domains of development What brain cells are involved when a primate sees an action and then imitates the same action What theory do mirror neurons help explain Activity 1 answers 1 The Periods of Prenatal Development What Occurs During This Period 1 The period of the zygote 0 Last about 2 weeks 0 Rapid cell division 0 Implantation occurs 0 Placenta and umbilical cord form 2 The period of the embryo o Lasts from implantation to week 8 o The ectoderm mesoderm and endoderm form 0 Rapid continuous growth 3 The period of the foetus con nues o Is about linch wrong at the end of this period 0 From week 9 to the end of pregnancy 0 Organs muscle and nervous system become organized o By week 12 the foetus can be sexed o Becomes responsive to stimulation 0 Month 7 is the age of viability 2 An environmental factor that causes damage during prenatal development 3 The does hereditary the age of the embryofetus and the presence of several negative factors at once 4 ANSWER FOR 4 IS ON THE NEXT PAGE TABLE DID NOT FIT 5 Loss in brain weight distorted iverkidneypancreascardiovascuIar system anencephaly spina bifida low birth weight 6 Folic acid is important in mom s diet because it reduces neural tube abnormalities by more than 70 anencephaly and spina bifida are two examples 7 Make sure mom is healthy monitor the health of the fetus if something does go wrong it can be treated and monitored quickly Medical Intervention May be Necessary Role of Foetal Monitoring Anoxia inadequate oxygen supply 0 Abnormal heart beat is noticed immediately 0 Baby can be delivered via caesarean once distress has begun Breech presentation 0 Shows if baby is under stress 0 Allows doctors to see the position the baby is in Preterm infants are born before their due date but are the right size for their age Small for date infants may be born preterm or on time but are smaller than they should be for their age and tend to have more serious problems 10 Preterm babies are more likely to have to stay in the hospital longer and have a greater chance of illness and may have motor and cognitive development delays during early and midchildhood Caregivers may have a harder time forming attachment with their baby since they get less contact if their baby is sick The outcomes of these babies weigh greatly on the parentchild relationship 4 There are more corrected options but these are four possibilities for the six listed Teratogen Potential Outcomes o Premature birth Illegal Drugs 0 Low birth weight 0 Physical defects 0 Born addicted 0 Low birth weight Tobacco o Cleft lip and palate 0 Asthma later childhood 0 Miscarriage 0 Fetal alcohol syndrome FAS 0 Partial fetal alcohol syndrome pFAS AICOhOI 0 Alcohol related neurodevelopment disorder ARND o Miscarriage Radiation o Underdeveloped brains 0 Physical abnormalities 0 Slow physical growth 0 Widespread brain damage Environmental Influence 0 Reduced birth weight 0 Smaller head size 0 Poor metal and motor development 0 Increased chance of SIDS Infectious Disease 0 Being born infected 0 Brain damage 0 Mentally disabled Activity 2 Answers 1 2 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 monfhs of lean Proper balance of amino acids nufrienfs bonding Bronfenbrenner Individual Microsysfem Ivlesosysfem Exosysfem Macrosysfem Chronosysfem No Deformifies menfal issues depends on medicafion Access fo medical care nufrifion educafion family dynamics Phenofype Genofype Environmenf Head injury inferacfionslack of More likely fo encounfer nufrifional social affachmenf defiance Three prep baby being born afferbirfh Zygofe embryo foefus Yes A fheory has been fesfed and is made up of hypofhesis These are also organized and sfrucfured Alcohol drugs pollufion some medicafions smoking Underdeveloped lungs may have a hard fime feeding From head fo fail fop fo boffom Facedown head down Head sparing fhe brain Differenf rafes fronfal grows 1an When fhe brain has a higher abilify fo adapf and heal ifself When fhe brain sfarfs fo comparfmenfalize and pick whaf s more and less imporfanf happens around 10 Longifudinal cross secfional experimenfal 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 The TesT given To new borns righT dfTer birTh The higher The beTTer PreTerm ore born edrly buT The righT size for dge Smdll for ddTe is when d bdby is smdller Thon They should be for Their dge CriTicol period is d Timefrdme when ceerin Things should hoppen dnd sensiTive hoppen prendelly The Time frdme when or child con ledrn To do someThing For exomple Tying shoes you con T Tedch on infonT or smdll Toddler how To do so MoTor sociol neurdl Mirror neurons you need To know This Socidl ledrning Theory
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