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exam 1 : pg 1 ANSC 221: Animal health and Nutrition
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Abby Klinker on Monday February 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ANSC 221: Animal health and Nutrition at Purdue University taught by Forsyth in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 1245 views.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
2212110 things to know for examl Page 2 of 9 procedure is analyzegtd by N X 625 er l 3L 7564 0 a How much energy do fats carbohydrates and proteinsghave in relation to each other 5 Wb 0 w 1 ch39b P301611 4 lLCLELLj gt 9 I L How much water loss is fatal c 5 What are 3 sourcesofwatepr 1 V 726m 3 amp fig 1 0 ltd Mata 9 mt are ro crtleso watert at a1 anima 1e n 1 o A mg39n flirting from M5 high Sworn tit 01 h up tirequot5 Marcy39 wiper aroma WhatdoesarrexaimWWmpwh EwMWaWtoddw hnutriuonquot Explain the importance of High Dielectric Constant High Latent Heat of Vaporization and High Speci c Heat to the animal and give an example What do each of these mean and what oes their consequence mean for animals 39thfl CU mill l lt HEWW S play lib ma nil Cm n birdi3 14301 01quot If it Z will a 161 aquot prim 39j 2 no p 1y31ca pr cip e is39w r mg to e p coo a og w en 1t pants 2quot r v 39 I 39 quotx Wan 70 Q galgs C mm itth 70mm l Which p ysical principle is working to help move nutrients to the cells m 5 ct Gumquot c 00715th What are the major functions of water for animals Wrought 07 trimTiff ttttsmnt twat El tramp 7 for a m 3quot WWquot all m to What are the consequenggs oftoo little water a wt PM WW 1 9 W Mr r metmuse vr tEmP r 459th are mmmmamm Why is water such a good substance for maintaining constant ody temperature Uy m How does water 1e p maintain constant bo temper ture anus lo pf m at to Chmgt mwmre Y In what circumstance is metabolic water important in animals 39 I twibemaahn am Mats 1 water Yawning Wilmalt5 CARBOHYDRATES t x 5Qtb53K a t w Maggi How are carbohydrates classi ed Listg pentoses 4 hexoses 4 dissacharides and the m Knosaccharides A q 1 39 they are made of 3 polysaccharides 39 39 ESE v Altkbl g Q lGSE ill i 1363 3quot 39 WWW IllUC SiQ Klmi g dllSttth sz tstllliami WW la ivid G lurid atheism Mavi lrcstlti mgcggg tmm E m V me What is the difference between starch and cellulose ism40 a Sparfx f 3 iguana Q Elttr h39is Mew d E catalog 3 glue 5 5113 l 3 39 What is gl cogen and what is it most Si ilar to 44 n S lk i tkil39 1H lgwwbn ammovlS Slmtlttt i C Citru tl r What are 2 forms of starch and what is their ifference K om ts 39 sir0 W cm 0 li l Ms l tttttt its bl mm illrug n pa bywax What h ppens to the extra starch i too much is consumed m 39What is lignin and what effect does it have on otherxcar ohydrates H i V 1 atquot quot I N it Yams Wm El mt rmrtturd W1 Lemme this n transom S RUB A Mlm l What is blood sugar milk sugar table sugar 53m cost trims mm M httpsmycoursespurdueedubbcswebdavpid1894072dtcontentrid25lO25lcoursesw 952013 3w team A Yflmh n ta g gt 1 he Thy W s quotN If iiuj 39i39opitlrl I saw ML Me fm W N 1 which 3 new is he arms 21 2110 things to know for exam Page 3 of 9 What are the major sources of carbohydrates in animal diets Suki m What is the resul of digestio of starch in the pig in the cow 39 it W ifldCOgQ m COLD139 quot g vrV m What is lign1 hy is it present What is its nutritional signi cance Which portion of proximate a f 4 analysis is it present in ix Allibi hill Wd gmhbw l391 ltll gts ith om Sitammant quot ditllti l a mg w ttt tbs 9 939 Ji What are the groupsof 39 ids BESIDES the mono di and triglycerides r W ohmtits 150339 new acts at to as lij ftbmjldts with Mails lamM De ne trig ycerides de ne ats w at atomsan what moleculdlsare they ma e of soluble in what WWW 335 Gl dx quot 39tntitll 0t Witt dads 5mm in Mar What are the differences and si ilarities betyv en carbohydrates and lipids p 2 q be t Pm CU tomt i i teas mtg gag st to 7mm 46W 3 w litHy maw Why and hon do fats contain more energy Cl yy much no 4 I T7515 quotth3 W 3 51 39rvtmitm 39 mmttt 3 has 0 39r 39 neat What are VFA s i i W 13 L hich a ids are the YFA39s What is the autri ional role of VF A St i Z 39 39 39 h39icxh t can acidiS CW 9 MW 16 0 if tit d mutt 6f mmtn itrmc nttttldmbttttu Name 3 VFA39S long c ain saturated fatty acids 1 Ion chain monounsaturated fatty acid that is no 39 essential 3 longcha39n polyunsaturated fatty acids 3 essential fatty acids r O 1 fl mm 3 C automatic OWCeggmml 3G39lij tt liming WOW 9 L1 WWIdeth rammix I Wm What is the meaning of saturated fat y acid and unsaturated fatty acid What are some of tl dehog WQM idem ngfo quotW ue uquot consequences ofa fatty acid be39ng unsaturated30ti f 3 hm 39 i mod lSS H unseat 6W6 mrdorwtc been Lagoon PROTEINS How are proteins de ned W atelements arfgthey composed of What molecules Ctmhwx NW N low them 3 How IS pro ein analyzed What is Kj eldahl What is crude protein Why is it called cru de39p How much Nisin protein on average What signi cance is the Value 625 1 360435 3quot 1mm Within brad39ch down i U lt70 H N n Wyen 39 What does quotessential am 0 acidquot mean my m on used GAEr5 n q H A What doies F irst and Second etc Limiting Amino Acid Fmean 39LSYUL 53 l HOKH I Iiill l fkljt tit MG MS quotW um i out With 3 tl la tlx What are the rst and second limiting amino acids in corn for pigs for chickens 4 3081 it WSW MT ti mm quotWritten M whim Est Spelled correctly the 1 52 9 L d 9 ssential amino acids for the pig an rat otein39 NCLtp ha 0 i m N US 9 UV UQ ml at is a polypeptide r WM o 6 3 om WEquot U 5L3 Which EAA contains sulfur fvi t39hie N01 httns mvnnnrses mn dne eduhhcswehdaVnidl 894072dtCOHtCHt1 id251025 lCOUTS SW 952013 3w team A Yflmh n ta g gt 1 he Thy W s quotN If iiuj 39i39opitlrl I saw ML Me fm W N 1 which 3 new is he arms 21 2110 things to know for exam Page 3 of 9 What are the major sources of carbohydrates in animal diets Suki m What is the resul of digestio of starch in the pig in the cow 39 it W ifldCOgQ m COLD139 quot g vrV m What is lign1 hy is it present What is its nutritional signi cance Which portion of proximate a f 4 analysis is it present in ix Allibi hill Wd gmhbw l391 ltll gts ith om Sitammant quot ditllti l a mg w ttt tbs 9 939 Ji What are the groupsof 39 ids BESIDES the mono di and triglycerides r W ohmtits 150339 new acts at to as lij ftbmjldts with Mails lamM De ne trig ycerides de ne ats w at atomsan what moleculdlsare they ma e of soluble in what WWW 335 Gl dx quot 39tntitll 0t Witt dads 5mm in Mar What are the differences and si ilarities betyv en carbohydrates and lipids p 2 q be t Pm CU tomt i i teas mtg gag st to 7mm 46W 3 w litHy maw Why and hon do fats contain more energy Cl yy much no 4 I T7515 quotth3 W 3 51 39rvtmitm 39 mmttt 3 has 0 39r 39 neat What are VFA s i i W 13 L hich a ids are the YFA39s What is the autri ional role of VF A St i Z 39 39 39 h39icxh t can acidiS CW 9 MW 16 0 if tit d mutt 6f mmtn itrmc nttttldmbttttu Name 3 VFA39S long c ain saturated fatty acids 1 Ion chain monounsaturated fatty acid that is no 39 essential 3 longcha39n polyunsaturated fatty acids 3 essential fatty acids r O 1 fl mm 3 C automatic OWCeggmml 3G39lij tt liming WOW 9 L1 WWIdeth rammix I Wm What is the meaning of saturated fat y acid and unsaturated fatty acid What are some of tl dehog WQM idem ngfo quotW ue uquot consequences ofa fatty acid be39ng unsaturated30ti f 3 hm 39 i mod lSS H unseat 6W6 mrdorwtc been Lagoon PROTEINS How are proteins de ned W atelements arfgthey composed of What molecules Ctmhwx NW N low them 3 How IS pro ein analyzed What is Kj eldahl What is crude protein Why is it called cru de39p How much Nisin protein on average What signi cance is the Value 625 1 360435 3quot 1mm Within brad39ch down i U lt70 H N n Wyen 39 What does quotessential am 0 acidquot mean my m on used GAEr5 n q H A What doies F irst and Second etc Limiting Amino Acid Fmean 39LSYUL 53 l HOKH I Iiill l fkljt tit MG MS quotW um i out With 3 tl la tlx What are the rst and second limiting amino acids in corn for pigs for chickens 4 3081 it WSW MT ti mm quotWritten M whim Est Spelled correctly the 1 52 9 L d 9 ssential amino acids for the pig an rat otein39 NCLtp ha 0 i m N US 9 UV UQ ml at is a polypeptide r WM o 6 3 om WEquot U 5L3 Which EAA contains sulfur fvi t39hie N01 httns mvnnnrses mn dne eduhhcswehdaVnidl 894072dtCOHtCHt1 id251025 lCOUTS SW 952013 22l 2no things to know for examL Page 4 oi a gt main W i Which 2 EAA s are most economical to buy 39in a bag39 ie synthetically xii ratLi Arleyv24 rm mg 1981 we batM7 p L tm aggjvyg Which form of the amino acids D L is the natural form and usually the active form 1 t s Hle captive Fm m Which amino acid is used equally well in both D and L forms 1 fvtolquotl0t lt 3 i Which amino a01d is tested at a baby39s birth to be sure it IS metabolized properly Phtnii i at an r M VITAMINS quot How arc Vitamins classi ed I 7quot I LA I 39 i A full watlfr SCiMUb the fat soluble Vitamins 39 Det Ks What are the GENERAL functions of the fat soluble Vita ins dam Qtw 6 ofquot 51m more CH 1136 What are the GENERAL functions offthe water soluble Vitamins Wit 3990 l iquot W magma ML NWZOLW i n Isist Which vitamin i needed by man but not by arm animals i W t i i lt5 hich Vitamin dc c1ency results in militia kmi tgtzfbrQg nth r x Diced epithelial integiity problems reprodgctiyegagoblems night blindness xeropthalmia bone malformation rickets exudati 39ediathesis white muscu ld isease stiff la 1 disease encephaloma acia celhiEu membrane perofidation problems scuryy pell ag a reducedjlittter Size in pig ac on us perosistWii aiiicmia pericious anemia mulberry heart digeMaLse beri beri neu39rgl tube disorders iilg 39lspina bifida Q 39 6amp9 l 951 i 39 39 l 39 f 4 Trixie LTH S JlST IN NOT ALL lNCLUSlVE bJJJW WA f9 4 Vi Which vitamin would be supplemented in cases of milk fever Which vitamin i eracts with selenium 2 if 7 Which Vitamin contains cobalt v f 3 Q r quotya ma 3 Qitkpib Which Vitamin is or 181 ost related to carotene retinol retinal retinoic acid cholecalciferol ergosterol 125 dihydroxychccalciferol dalphatocopherol menadione ascorbic acid thiamine ribo avin pyridoxine cyano alamine fquot 39 quot 0 l 2 Q 1 3 9m at Which vitamin acts like a hormone Which Vitamin is necessary to use Ca and P What is the diiil erencgoetweenVitamin D2 and D3 D Pitts t ilJQ W l mu Which Vitamins are toxic i Which vitamin can you get from sunshine on the skin N 5 2 Which is the main vitamin that is a biological antioXidant httpsmycoursespurdueedubbcswebdaVpid l 894072dt content rid 25 lO251coursesw 952013 j necessary for blood clotting H 39 cations that control acid base balance and osmotic balance J 421 2no things to know for examl Page 5 of 9 Phyloquinone and menadione have which vitamin activity What is dicoum erol I N a a x e Wbsmi s We Web b Q EQ G C WQQW W mu v What IS the function for Vitamin K D A E 5 Which vitamin is inyolved in avbprot 39Q Y i a spo quot 5 nomad o Curled toe paralysis Amino ac1d decarboxvlation and deamination QM Rbf i kom Nb Pellegra l sac o Goose tepping in pigs an it min i c Requires intrinsic factor for absorption Biotin is involved in what F 0110 aCid is involved in what quoti0 WWW3 9 4 ll WW 391le y S Which vitamin most poor the de nition of a vitamin Which is added to incre se litter size in otherwise normal pigs mo H ML What Vitamin prern siletal aborm ities of neural tube closure such as spma bi da it fie MINERALS List the macro minerals Which minerals isare necessary for normal bone CCquot7 39 needed for structural purposes needed as enzyme activators Adj 1 Mn 39 present asapart of protein 9 provided in salt my involved in grass tetany I unnecessary to supplement to pigs as the element obalfi SUVi39i LU necessary to transport oxygen in the blood the principle extracellular cation intracellular cation primary anion K necessary to prevent hyperirritibility abnormal mineralization of soft tissue P CALCIUM Where is calcium tor d wings r d i What are calcium39s functions in the body 4 6 MWth 0 Storm if rug laffnn Hmwnnnvr on nnrrlna grin akr c nrpl riQWhirinl n77rlfr nntpntrirl7 l lPHHTQPQVv Of awash national mwgu ae dn 94 quot 6 Q Wll39i 2212no things to know for examl Page 6 of How is calcium regulated in the blpod f m Riiomjmd Cite lt36 What IS nutrltionaln sec ndary hyperparathyrmdlsm Rmrtts Ol39 llLR lOLx Cor W hat is rickets A I r C33 It i 5 I DU EbbCr Ll n frz1 i What are thisigns 0 calcium deficiency 39 Mama stelrlm 39 Mun bull 3615 t3 bro a em 392 t raw What ins milk fever aid how do you treat it How do you prevent it J n i l lit i M51 GOG Elll ill iquottt3 501 it llIquot16339quot W J low Ca CW quotWM55 file 765m Carequot 0 What are the main sources of calcium j mtg tttllv Q1395 Explain the 1m ortance of calciumzp hosphorus ratio it in I tori P W0 733amp lwlt PHOSPHORUS J jjl W ere is phospxhorus at in the body corppargp calcium W on Ca Dam 3 3634M How is phosphorus level in the blood controlled What are the important signs of phosphorusde ciency z W 3 K tquot J 103 t it ewemo v 1 etc in boat tS o b nwwlii c004 TE gm Jotu m ll Why is p osphorus lack in the dietof greater practical importance than calcium lack But why is Pic nichen calcium lack in the diet so stupid V iaw 99 hum J Whlf d my 1 d h E b a 9 s It at actors ar vlect cac1 5 p rusqa sorption A h A 1 r a a H mm 92 in mi will tellig tantalum OpYightqggg a Zquotlt3r amar39m How are calciu and phosphorus excreted from the body diligerks dif ereii 39 ahi igl s f xquot 22 litt elttt j 018 in ght til an m an aim 9 M 7 quot To What l eedrs flairgry in hosphorus hat is the problem with most feed phosphorus quot is m it 13 j hilt m m rm w We law What can be done to increae phosph rus availability 5 m What ar the main 1nor nic hosphorus and calcium su plements l in 39 Cu at mm ms llllil tell at um g M umnruaaf pizjaquotgtgt3awp What is phytic acid phytin phytase quot Uf AC 672 Cquot OTHER MACRO MINERALS What is the main intracellular cation What is the main extracellular cation Which cation above must ALWAYS be added to diets and which is seldom added When might you expect a chloride de ciency 139 f if quot quotA 1 gilt 5 yo i 9 I39 KM l fl ix Chic lingr When woul you expect to add otassmm to the diet t E I H P y l W M Mb 08mm it 0 i What form is sodium usua y added to the diet r r r it t 4 httpsmycoursespurduecdubbcswebdavpid1894072dtcontentrid2510251coursesw 952013 J ZZl Zno things to know for examl Page 7 of 9 Why can you add inorganic sulfur to ruminant diets but it would do no good to add it to swine or 9 WWW die Ul itgt m m WWW lay in USE C mt39ftli Ofg thm C What mineral can prevent grass tetany How would you supplement it In what form What other conditions contribute to grass tetany What is it What are the uses for magnesium in the diet Do we usually add it supplementally Why or why not What are the de ciency symptoms of magnesium de ciency rLQj Wyatta Ck llkittk toadA writ41ml binds otlt3Pt h i TRACE MINERALS Which mineral deficiency results in anemia 3 3 Q0 peros1s M g01ter j parakeratosis at r Vitamin E deficiency symptoms l U swayback in lambs depigmentation of wool Which essential minerals are quite toxic SC lliblC 3 it I l7 Which nonessential minerals are quite toxic A S My L cl H3 E01 Which mineral is part of Vitamin B12 Which mineral is part of hemoglobin 6 L Which mineral is part of thyroxine L Which mineral is fed at high levels to pigs for a growth promotant effect like that of antibiotics a 39 Lt Which mineral lS necessary in order to use 1ron O a I I Which mineral IS necessary for proper carbohydrate metabolism Wth wvt mm V L gt Which of the trace m1nerals are the most tox1c What are some non essential minerals that are toxic What are some of the minerals that have been proposed as essential but proof is still lacking or uncertain at least in Dr Forsyth39s opinion Which mineral is in toxic levels in raw rock phosphate Which mineral is useful in the prevention of tooth decay for people What is the status of this mineral for livestock in terms of essentiality tox101ty CUL i 8 I ail4ng Q Which mineral is a contituent of xanthine oxidase What are the deficiency symptoms Which minerals have important interactions with copper there are 2 different 39interaction situations39 you lnnnm1rnnnrnnn nrrino or ikl r 011IQi f iQXfhifi1 RQAH77ATPnnTPntrirl 7ql lnnltrQRQVV q h 2 FEED ADDITIVES 221 2110 things to know for examl Page 8 01 should know one with one other mineral and one with 2 other minerals Which mineral is contained in th roxin x r y 39f 1 t 39 if 23 V ilw p g IL2JL b b Where 1s selemum de 01ency a problem Where 18 Se tox1c1ty a problem Why 1s Se regulated in amount you can add whereas other nutrients are not How was Se obtained in Eastern cornbelt diets before it was legal to add to the diet What forms of Se can be used gm 3g iquot Kymj J 1 Zinc de ciency looks like what other nutrient de ciency a Vitamin and another nutrient you should kIlOVV 39 ii i 3 w 391 239 x 2quot is 1 2 flquot 3 IFquot V fly l ll C kmr i tLtCl 1 3 witbf Lil 543794 wt What essential minerals is it unnecessary or of no value to add to nonruminant diets even if they are low in the diet and wh I quotquot W by does Dr Forsyth believethat too much iron supple entation might be a harmful thing I mummy MQOL 52 fl rm 5 m lg 5139 19ng nitLC 41 Ems f as Q r i b l 1 rmi Under what conditions and in what ciiicumstances do animals need iron supplementation Why don39tvi fr z lg they need it or very much of it the rest of the time r r ram m3 n rv A a t quot quot quotllQkgzl 39quotli LLBar a I 1 1 3i MW u vllltill uttrt up l lt1b2em as Oi Vt What is different about iron absorptlon excretlon and metabolism than for most other 1n111eralsqu U r r au EV OF x ary l lt5 AUKQ 7quotquot a Y PM rig if 47L L J I 7 What is the Single most important th1ng your Instructor wants you to know about fee a ditives t 0th 3 u H 39 What is a feed additive what is an antimicrobial What is an antibiotic 1 Qt z What is DES Why was it withdrawn from use Why was it withdrawn WHEN it was withdrawn 1 my What are antibiotics used for What are the objections to their use What practices can we employ that help to decrease the dependency on antibiotics What are some of the major antibiotics and other growth promotants What is a 39beta agonist What is BST PST How are they different from steroids What steroids are used in livestock and why What is zearalenone somatotropin growth hormone Why is the newspaper so often wrong when it talks about feeding growth hormone to pigs or cattle What regulations are in force regarding feed additives How can one find out what regulations are in force How can an animal feeder get the needed information Who or what office should one contact about legal issues regarding feeds including anything at all concerning feed additives Where is that office httpsmycoursespurdueedubbcswebdavpid1894072dtcontentrid25lO251coursesw 952013 a L Lg y ANSC 221 a Quiz 1 15 points Ci Fall 2012 Name 19 Form A print legiby i 531 Who proposed the single plant source feeding experiment that led to the Golden Age of Nutrition with discovery of the v39 39 Choose from Hippocrates Daniel Lind Lavoisier Beumontl abcock Forsyth Mathew 4 Most of the diet way more than 50 of MOST animals comes from which class of nutrients x 2 x t L Ma Mx ifo Vn X3 Sources of water for animals include drinking water f4j3l amp milk ll What isare the nutritional function of carbohydrates 1 List 2 hexoses 7 95 X4 t r i6 List 2 polySaccharides ix x 12 What is the chief structural difference between starch and cellulose g 39 7 l tNOIT the 1 8How would you distinguish a fat from a mixture offat carbohydrate and protein l i r l V i N L I I v I 39 R upquot No V x V t 1quotquot w 3 a t39 l r Ls v 3 whit c N aquot f r 39 quot Howr gt H g L 1 l awzn 4 quot 5 l l 39 k quotH quot w l d 39 i big 3 j 1quot ftfw39 if quot2 f X 492R Lactose is composed of all mom lawquot z x A t g g x J oKaivP390le c L v I iQJ The VFA s volatile fatty acids are acetic acid Prt qf Nlm C NM 8quot Ut yfj Ma a 41 List a long chain saturated fatty acid l t 95 4 lg How many glycerol molecules are in a diglyceride 93 11 Fats have how many more times as much energy as carbs g D x 4 g g 1 14 What substance besides cg ggg is associated with carbohydrates that interferes with I digestion 22QI39 gtlt I List an essential fatty acid r fella
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