Fashion Final Exam
Popular in Fashion since the 1900
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Markus Daniels on Monday February 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to RFPD 1100 at Ohio State University taught by Professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 142 views.
Reviews for Fashion Final Exam
If you want to pass this class, use these notes. Period. I for sure will!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/09/15
00 9 10 11 12 Fashion Final Exam 197039s hippiespeople felt threatened that they would take over the world The fun and colorful fashions that emerged were popularized by iconic rock stars and celebrities of the era The Beatles Rolling Stones Jimi Hendrix and Cher The emerging hippie culture adopted an eclectic highly individual look mixing vintage and ethnic clothing with fashions inspired by contemporary psychedelic Pop art nature fantasy and ethnographic art Hippie Chicquot celebrates the designs of innovative boutiques and young designers and includes 54 ensembles in materials crushed velvet eyelet satin leather techniques and embellishments tiedye patchwork beads and fringe and styles from psychedelic to retro Rockers greaser style leatherjackets sunglasses platform shoes RAMONES Glam Funk Dress for successback to standard suit mid 70 s 1976John M quotdressing for successquot increased sale of suits development of new lines with polyester Cerruti and Sayre Mini and midi mini is very short skirt midimid calf length dresses Hot pants 1971 short lived phase of tight tting short shorts Biba and ParaphernaliaBiba was a London fashion store of the 19605 and 19705 Biba was started and primarily run by the Polishborn Barbara Hulanicki with help of her husband Stephen FitzSimon Rainbow restauranthang out for rockstars 1974big biba Leisure suits and polyester1972 leisure suitmore casual ESQUIRE lots of pockets relaxed could still be made from polyester Safari suits and YSL YSL introduced safari apparel 1968 didn t introduce as polyester collarextension of peacock belt on outside In uential lms The Man in the White Suit Wrangler Sat night fever Mao Jacket1971 also called Nehru jacket chinese origin could be worn over a turtleneck four pockets 198039s historical moderetro fashions see notes Le Pouf 1985 Christian Lacroix short puffball skirt or dress 1987 opened haute couture house Japanese designerslssey Miyake sculptured worked for Guy Laroche and Jeoffrey Beane before own company in 1970 In uenced by vionett and traditional Japanese folkwear Todayavant garde styles Frankfurt ballet uses natural and synthetic fabrics pleated last line created in 2000 DANDY line Rei Kawakubo 1942 Commes des Garcons 1973 established own company 1975 first boutique in Tokyo women s clothing 1982opens boutique in paris specializes in antifashion deconstructed garments black dark grey colors draped materials asymmetric shape 4 Power dressing women wearing suits vests wskirts refers to a style of clothing and m intended to make wearers seem authoritative and competent especially in professional settings in business law and government While references to the style apply more typically to women the look is the same for both sexes mediumlength parted hair trimmed on the back and sides for men dark conservative usually matching trousers and jacket sometimes a long skirt for women and bold colorful quotaccentsquot such as ties kerchiefs or brooches Giorgio Armani Ralph Lauren and Anne Klein all embraced the powersuit in their designs 5 Movie and TV in uences introduction of primetime soap operas SlTCOMSthe cosby show married with children the golden girls quotgreed is goodquot wallstreet VALLEY GIRLS introduced words gnarly tubular and LIKE FLASHDANCE makes lycra sportswear popular DALLAS CBS primetimes soap opera 7891 in uenced fashion through use of bold colors and shoulder pads MIAMI VlCEversace started men s suits with tshirts underneath SUIT DESIGNER Armani the brat pack in uential group of young actors BREAKFAST CLUB MTV lauched in 1981 in uenced every aspect of American culture ROCK FASHION Madonna and MJvideos 6 Madonna big bows messy chic look wavy hair with highlights skirt worn over tight pants pattern or lace pointed bustiers originality controversy music But one thing most everyone can agree upon is the fact that Madonna is a fashion icon Particularly during her rst years as a celebrity in the 198039s Madonna pioneered a signature eighties look one that is recognized and copied even today Religious jewelry rubber bracelets and headbands are among the trends that Madonna started Additionally her original and risque style opened the door for a perhaps more individualistic and empowering trend in fashion Madonna39s style not only created a signature eighties look but it helped pioneer a strong and empowered attitude among women of the 198039s 7 Supermodels BIG 6Naomi Campbell Crawford linda evangelista Christy turlington schiffer Seymourgo to designers like verace signed multi million dollar contracts 8 Blue jeans 9 unisex ANDROGYNY emerged in 19705 through changing gender roles women began to adopt more masculine way of dress male music artists adopted feminine aspectsmakeup 10 accessories costume jewelrybright colors dangling earrings quotchandelier earringsquot pearls on transparent cord HATS come backthanks princess Diana patterned tights DOCMARTEN lace up shoes shawls and scarves ngerless gloves 11 trends retro fashions body piercing and tattoos blue jeans and importance of denim origins of trends ne arts demographic changes fabrics old and new micro bers hightech footwear for sports LE POUF AND MlNlCRINOLINES wire underline of dresses and skirts SPORTSWEAR JAZZERCISER PREPPY LOOK blazers button downs polo shirts sweater draped around the shoulder penny loafers dress pants LL Beane Female preppy look tretorn tennis shoes knee high socks long shorts KEDS 198039s Designers Chambre Syndicale FRANCE Chambre Syndicale de la Couture Parisienne only members of this federation are considered members of haute couture membership based on excellence in craftsmanship and other requirements such as number of ATELIERS workrooms Haute couture French word for exquisite custom designed dress made to t for a particular customer Ateliers workrooms in fashion houses or stores Pretaporter French term for mass production READY TO WEAR fashions less expensive all courtiers also have pret a porter lines most American designers Karl Lager eld chane designed 1 Fendi h bag 2 Max mara camel coat from Germany rst worked for pierre balmain 5457 1958 moved to house of patou designed furs for fendi aunched his company 1965 designed independent from 7882 1982 designed haute couture for house of chanel the shower dress cardress and crazy hats HampM designer quotintelectua sexinessquot bright colors and shaped knitwear box jacket with mini denim skirts 1991 back shnet body KARL belt buckles and ties 805 edge skinny pants pinstripes cropped coat TRM PHYSIQUE 6 Armani from Italy known for menswear soft drapery worked for nino cerruti 1974 started own company with partner Sergio galeotti 1979american jigelow known for clean tailored lines womens wear unstructured jackets and menswear fabrics inspired by JEAN COCTEAUsurrealistdandy30s known for softness ne gauge knits molded to body garments hiking up trousers and baggy trousers Lines Armani Alta Modahaute couture Emporio Armaniyounger customer AX basics US onlylowest priced 6 Dolce amp Gabana doce sicily gabbanavenice gabbana had no fashion educationstudied graphic design the two met in 1980 while working in an atelier in Milan started business in 1982free lance designing for other people 1986 FIRST COLLECTION won national acclaim quot mainly homemade and consisted of intricate designs and complicated systems of fastenings SIGNATURE DESIGNS corset dresses gangster pinstripes and black suits animal prints quotsweet and sharpquot 7 Prada founded in Italy manufacturer of leather bags founders granddaughter did most work 1978 said to be the most prominent example of a new form of inwarddirected uxury coo graceful simple not a risk taker 8 US FASHION HEADQUARTERS NEW YORK CITY known for sportswear globalized industryamerican designers and brands have a wide global presence 9 Tommy Hil ger american opened quotthe peoples placequot products for the people president of the compant from 8289 designed clothes since 84 one of the four greatest American designers for men hip hop scheme attire casua approach cean cut simple designs inspired by rock n roll RED WHITE AND BLUE childrens footwear eyeglasses fragrances home d cor 10 Marc Jacobs born in NYC parsons school of design 1984 youngest recipient of the COUNSIL OF FASHION DESGINERS OF AMERICA 1988 joined perry eis 1993 joined Louis Vuitton known for youthful witty style use of color and silhouettes sensous fabrics inspired by grunge SOs mod look appers pre washed fabrics 0 He has a natural affinity for the protogrunge sensibility that birthed places like the Mudd Club inspired books such as Slaves ofNeW York and shaped sounds like Sonic Youth and the presence of all three could be felt in the show 0 Jacobs is too prescient a designer to simply regurgitate so what the collection fundamentally re ected was how much more sophisticated 18 yearolds are these days The stories clothes tell now are cunningly manufactured Fabrics in this collection from cotton twill to leather had been prewashed so that a short jacket in striped ticking felted wool doublebreasted cotton twill or bottlegreen corduroy already had a life 0 A spirit of perverse glamour underscored the layered Tshirts the blackandred striped henley over long johns a striped parka even a buffalo plaid shirt with chalkstriped trousers There were sneakers with everything And jacobs masterful show stylist Alistair Mackie added dandy ourishes like striped belts enameled red star pins impractical but irresistible caps 11 Donna Karan America queens NYC assistant to anne klein took over in 74 first collection in 85 back white and neutrals YOUNG WORKING WOMEN DKNY devoted to informal and leisure clothing 88 worked with husband Bernard arranite 13 Deconstructionists issey miyake 14 Ralph Lauren born in Bronx NY worked as brooks brothers as a salesman bought the polo label from BB in 67 FIRST DESIGNER TO HAVE OWN STORE epitome of classic fashion quotpreppy English tweed lookquot ifestye image of class and taste cassic American look sporty dressy look stylish in of ce 199039s 1 the computer revolutioninternet growth 1995 10 million computers connected to the internet 2002 6056 milion computers connected to the internet 2 grungehobo chic GRUNGE rst unique style of the 90 s NIRVANA clothing types thrift store items layering annel shirts ratty sweaters long johns baggy trousers ripped jeans clunky boots grunge look was quickly passed down into markdowns because it wasn t accepted by mass markets marc Jacobs for perry ellis 1992 anna sui 3 cyber fashion new technologies combo of biker revival punk revival and tribal clothing metal breastplates body armour cd roms or hard drives for ornamentation technofabrics neoprene polyurethane nylon rubber etc 4 anna sui After designing clothes as a young woman inspired by the models in magazines Anna Sui found her own style She developed her designing business throughout the 19805 and was ready to put on her rst runway show in 1991 The models included Naomi Campbell and Linda Evangelista Anna launched her own clothing line the following year and opened the rst of her boutiques in New York City Eventually she would have boutiques in Tokyo Osaka Hollywood and Los Angeles She has continued to be particularly popular in Japan and has designed the costumes for an anime Japanese style animation television series The collection is sold in over thirty countries and commands premium price tags as be ts a top designer label The range of dresses tops and skirts etc has a contemporary feel about it and Anna Sui says she was inspired by the rock chic look There are also accessories for sale such as bags and belts Her status is sealed by the endorsement of an impressive list of celebrities including Madonna Christina Ricci Cher Courtney Love and Patricia Arquette James lha of the Smashing Pumpkins is also a fan 4 Fetish is any style or appearance in the form of a type of clothing or accessory created to be extreme or provocative These styles are not usually worn by the majority of people on any regular basis They are usually made of materials such as leather latex or synthetic rubber or plastic nylon PVC spandex shnet and stainless steel Some fetish fashion items include stiletto heel shoes and boots most notably the ballet boot hobble skirts corsets collars fullbody latex catsuits stockings miniskirt crotchless underwear garters locks rings zippers evewear handcuffs Many fashion designers incorporate elements of the fetish subculture into their creations or directly create products based on elements that are not accepted by the mainstream Malcolm McLaren and Vivienne Westwood created several restrictive BDSMinspired clothing items for the 19705 bunk subculture in particular bondage trousers which connect the wearer39s legs with straps The more recent fetish clothing makers House of Harlot and Torture Garden Clothing Breathless of London Vex Latex Clothing and Madame S of California focus on using latex and leather as the base material for their creations rather than as an accessory 5 Hip hopafrican American youth in NYC LA Chicago detriot etc bright colored track suits leather bomberjackets clark shoes baseball caps neon colors nike and Michael Jordan chanel black leatherjacket and gold chainhomeboy chic rocawear created 1999 damon dash 6 rocawearAquot also created by jayz 7 sportswear and licensing 8 chanel reinterpreted chanel by karl lager eld in 1994 also by jerry hall women s suit jackets with pencil skirtLagerfed deconstructed the symbols the pearl ropes and chains and leather threaded belts Jerry Hall wore her classic red tweed Chanel with classic accessories or Designer lnes de la Fressange wore the same suit with a Fruitof the loom tshirt 9 couture chaos leather bondage looks biker ensembles underwear on the outside lampshade hats paint pants FASHION MOVING TOO FAST 10 high artmeans of expressionism for designer real business of fashion was RTW couture was publicity engine driving licensing for scarves handbags belts luggage lingerie bed linens fragrance fragrancecenter of store 11 Versace sequence and beading Italian Hispanic and American The rst Versace boutique opened in Milan s Via della Spiga in 1978 and Gianni sold his own designs alongside other labels though soon he was outselling all the other brandsn the early 19805 with the global economic boom and fashion for lavish strongly stated clothing Versace s 39look ourished and his boutiques spread around the world In 1985 Versace added the lnstante label to his fashion empire Similar in style to Versace couture it was targeted at a less af uent and younger crowdThe Versace label continued to grow and with new collections Gianni would only vaguely sketch out his ideas before trusting his assistants to make the ideas wearable 12 Levi Custom t1994 rst custom tted clothing produced through computer imaging sold at retail by levi s Street Style General concept End of century compared to 1900 Deciphering the invitation Dressing for the Occasion Hack Tie Optionai SemiFormat Business Casuai Cosu ai 39 i 7 224 nI ESE 199039s Menswear 1UNIQUENESS 2 fridaywearIBM and ford motor company were early implimentors 3 bond suit of choice Brioni 4 four leading American designers ralph lauren tommy Hil ger calvin klein donna karan 5 minimalismdonna karan By the 39905 however neon had burned itself out Designers began to turn away from the exaggerated colors and volume exhausted of the excess and began to focus on a quotnew minimalismquot a wearable one Fashion designers at the forefront of the trend like Calvin Klein Donna Karan and Prada created business wear with clean sleek line simple structure in understated colors such as black grey white and nudelgl Clothing became more structured and minimal with shift dress replacing the body con ones of the 39805 shoulders came down quite a bit and make up practically disappeared quotOne thing about the decade we can say con dently was that after the conspicuous consuming years of the 19805 less became more in the 19905 Not everyone adopted minimalism but many did as they sought to blend and t with an increasingly aggressive urban society The silhouette became neater as shoulder pads nally died and jewelry became non existent or chic in its neness and barelythere qualityquot 6 tom fordGucciln his rst year at the helm he was credited with putting the glamour back into fashion introducing Halstonstyle velvet hipsters and car nish metallic patent boots In 1995 he brought in French stylist Carine Roitfeld and photographer Mario Testino to create a series of new modern ad campaigns for the company Between 1995 and 1996 sales at Gucci increased by 90 He brought it from staid and stale to fun and freash with cigarette pants unbuttoned shirts to the navel toneontone dressing and skinny suits 6 golf market greg norman 1995 own golf line tiger woods1997 endorsement with nike 7 consolidations and mergers 1994 merger of federated department stores and RH Macy lead to ending of aamps the broadway lazarus magnin all consolidated under federated or macys sites by mid 1995 21st century In the 39005 fashion and indeed the Arts in general looked to the past for inspiration arguably more so than in previous decades Vintage clothing especially from the Sixties Seventies and Eighties became extremely popular and fashion designers often sought to emulate bygone styles in their collectionsThe early 39005 saw a continuation of the minimalist look of the Nineties in high fashion Later on designers began to adopt a more colorful feminine excessive and 39antimodern39 look Name brands became of particular importance among young people and many celebrities launched their own lines of clothing Tighter t clothing and longer hair became mainstream for many men and women Rap music also had a considerable in uence on popular fashion in the early part of the 20005
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'