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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Giovanna Gonzalez

Exam 1 Study Guide EVR 1017

Giovanna Gonzalez
GPA 2.5
Global Environment and Society
James Riach

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About this Document

This has all the review questions that the teacher provided as a study guide for our exam and a few other extra notes.
Global Environment and Society
James Riach
Study Guide
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Giovanna Gonzalez on Monday February 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to EVR 1017 at Florida International University taught by James Riach in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 147 views.


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Date Created: 02/09/15
Exam 1 Study Guide Questions Monday February 9 2015 424 PM Exam will include Biodiversity Environment and Sustainability 0 Adaptive Strategy EVR 1017 Exam 1 Review Activity All Questions 0 One that meets the current and future basic resource needs of its people in a just and equitable manner without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their basic needs 0 Ecological Footprint is the amount of biologically productive land and water needed to supply people with resources needed and to absorb and recycle the wastes and pollution produced by such resource use 0 Environmental worldview is a set of assumptions and values that re ect how you think the world works and what you think your role in the world should be Determine The environmental characteristics determine what kind of life the society can have and how they choose to survive I think the more time you spend in your environment the more time you learn about it The more you learn about something the more you realize how important it Primary production Nutrient cycling Habitat provisioning Disease control Pollination Climate water and natural hazards regulation Water purification and waste treatment Natural Resources Energy and fresh water o quotWhat people learn to think do and produce as members of societyquot o Focused on adaptations as the key to understanding culture 0 But each culture is unique in how it adapts o The need for adaptation is universal o If we know the ways adaptations humans obtain prepare and eat their food subsistence patterns we can make accurate predictions about their social organization population size modes of warfare in other words what type of society they are When both cultures and species both survive and are ecologically intimate with each other Industrial Agriculture Energy input output ratio highly inefficient Majority alienated from the environment BUSINESS of agriculture Traditional Horticulturalist Food and other material surpluses Still hunt Not very eXpansionistic Simple tools but domesticated plants Thoy soo Wildomoss as a nuisance Thoy want to expand and since thoy don t think that Wildomoss or land is important thoy39re not against doing so Uso animal and slave labor Conquost warfaro intimidationViolonco to control CltlZCIlS Areas oxcoptional concontrations of ondomic spocios and exporiencing oxceptional loss of habitat H Habitat dostruction I Invasion of Spocios P Pollution P Population growth human 0 OVCrharvesting li iltlui m quot w qgrulli1en 10 11 12 13 g L Definitions Everything around us It includes all of the living and the nonliving things air water and energy with which we interact And it includes a complex web of relationships that connect us with one another with the world we live in An interdisciplinary study of how humans interact with the environment of living and nonliving things environmental science subfield that studies howliving things interact with each other and their environment Agroup oforganisms that are closely related and forsexually reproducing organisms can mate and produce fertile offspring Humans are part of a species called Homo sapiens sapiens A set of organisms and the surrounding nonliving environmental components which interact with one another in a particular area A social movement dedicated to protecting the earths lifesupport systems for us and other forms of life The ability ofthe earth39s various natural systems and human cultural systems and economies to survive and adapt to changing environmental conditions indefinitely The natural resources and natural services that keep us and other life forms alive and support our economies Materials and energy in nature that are essential or useful to humans Often are classified as renewable air water soil plants and wind or nonrenewabe copper oil and coal Functions of nature such as purification ofair and water which support life and human economies A natural service that is the circulation of chemicals necessary for life from the environment through organisms and back to the environment Energy from the sun One that meets the current and future basic resource needs of its people in a just and equitable manner without compromising 14 15 16 17 18 19 the ability of future generations to meet their basic needs Is an increase in a nations output of goods and services GDP The annual market value ofall goods and services produced by all firms and organizationsforeign and domestic operating within a country The GDP divided by the total population at midyear Resource Anything obtained from the environment to meet our needs and wants The management of natural resources with the goal of minimizing resource waste and sustaining resource supplies for current and future generations Any chemical or physical change in the environment that is harmful to the health survival or activities of humans or other organisms Biodiversity Biodiversity is the variety of life its ecosystems species populations and genes Human actions cause biodiversity to decline U nsustainable use of natural resources 3 types 1 Ecological Diversity variety of ecosystems in different environments 2 Species variety of species Named 15 Million Total 115 Million 3 Genetic variability of genetic makeup among individuals in gene pool a single speCIes Human Benefits of Biodiversity Human nutrition depends on biodiversity Agriculture relies on only about 80 crop plants and 50 animal species with little genetic diversity Marine and freshwaterfood Supporting Processes Primary production nutrient cycling habitat provisioning Regulating Disease control pollination Provisioning of Materials Natural resources Cultural Innmaorlal kenoFHc IVUIIIIIGLCI IGI UCIICI ILD Plants ancient and widespread use 80 of people in developing countries use them About 25 ofdrugsin US derived from or include plants Microbes highly diverse and useful 95 still unknown Many useful antibiotics Vertebrates and invertebrates Poison dart frogs and bees Cone shells HIPPO H Habitat destruction l Invasion ofSpecies P Pollution P Population growth human 0 Overharvesting Environment and Sustainability The Environment Factors Influencing Sustainability 0 Our lives and economies depend on energy from the sun natural capital and on natural capital provided by the earth 0 One that meets the current and future basic resource needs of its people in a just and equitable mannerwithout compromising the ability of future generations to meet their basic needs Without degrading and depleting our resources 0 Economic Growth in an environmentally sustainable way 0 Societies can become more environmentally sustainable through economic IIL IIfLIL f fLI cILE I EELIL development oeoncateo to Improvmg the quality or llTe Tor everyone WItnOUt degrading the earths life support systems


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