Chapter Five Outline
Chapter Five Outline Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Grese on Monday February 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Ohio State University taught by J. Craig Jenkins in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 155 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
Alexandra Grese Chapter Five Outline Theories of Self Development 0 Socialization process through which people are taught to be proficient members of society learn social norms and expectations I Different from socializing I Social interaction provides info skills needed to be part of society and to develop an identity I Harry and Margaret Harlow early social contact is necessary Social comfort valued more than food I Genes physically scientifically who w are socialization our identity Freud believed personality and sexuality development closely related I Erik Erikson personality continued to change over time and never truly finished 8 stages more credit to social aspects how social norms hinder our acting purely on Id I Jean Piaget Child development 0 Role of social interactions 0 Self difference between world in our mind and how the world actually exists 0 Sociological Theories of SelfDevelopment I Cooley lookingglass self self perception constructed around how we think other people see us I George Herbert Mead self people s distinct identify that is developed through social interaction Need to be able to view ourselves through another s eyes to properly understand ourselves 0 Stages of development I Preparatory take on role another no empathy just copying I Play Stage take on role another has Learn other s POV I Game Stage consider several roles at the same time and how they interact with each other Understand different interactions happen for different reasons I Generalized other know common behavioral expectations of the general society self is formed I Kohlberg s Theory of Moral Devience Moral devience learning good vs bad 0 Three levels preconventional conventional and postconventional I Pre world only experienced through senses I Conventional teen years more aware of other s feelings and take them into consideration when determining good vs bad I Post think of morality in abstract terms Ex life liberty and pursuit of happiness rights I Gilligan s Theory of Moral Devience and Gender Kohlberg based entire study on males Girls and boys have different understanding of morality 0 Boys justice rules laws 0 Girls care and responsibility consider reasons behind behavior I Neither view better serve different purposes girls and boys meant to do different things Why Socialization Matters 0 Culture perpetuated through teaching 0 Socialization allows us to individually develop 0 Nature vs Nurture I Nurture we are the result of relationships and care around us I Nature all genetics Functionalist o Socialization essential because it trains members to operate successfully within culture and to perpetuate it for next generation Con ict o Socialization reproduces inequality from generation to generation by conveying different expectations and norms to those with different social characteristics race class gender etc Symbols 0 Convey same expectations blue for boys pink for girls Agents of Socialization o Helps us learn to function in social world 0 Family I First I Impacted by social factors time period where you live class etc 0 Peer Groups 0 I Made up of people who are similar in age and social status and share interest I Help develop identity different from parents Different activities exposed to different experiences Institutional Agents I School Latent social learning teamwork schedules how to use a school book 0 Hidden curriculum I Learn how to deal with bureaucracy rules expectations what it means to be a good citizen I Workplace Material and nonmaterial assimilation Varies from job to job I Religion Reinforces gender norms and other values I Government Many rights of passage based on gov t 0 Ex adult18 Each official new role comes with new set of unspoken rules of how to act I Mass Media Distribution of impersonal info to a wide audience People learn from material tech transportation an non beliefs values norms Socialization Across the Life Course 0 O A lifelong process Norms time related rules and regulations social beliefs I Also reinforced on a cultural level Educational expectations vary from culture to culture Anticipation socialization preparing imagining future roles I Ex a couple living together before they re married Resocalization I Removing behaviors that used to be helpful but aren t anymore Ex soldier coming back from war 0 Degradation Ceremony lose aspects of old identify and given new one I End up becoming this identity
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