Chapter Nine Outline
Chapter Nine Outline Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Grese on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Ohio State University taught by J. Craig Jenkins in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/15
Alexandra Grese Chapter Nine Outline What is Social Stratification o The system of social standing society s categorization of people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on wealth income race education power I Resources unequally distributed I American s believe equal chance that effort can improve social standing I Social strat not about individual inequalities but systematic inequality among groups I Society creates and supports this system Systems of Stratification 0 Closed systems I Little change little social shift levels 0 Open systems I Based on achievement movement among levels possible 0 Caste system I Born into social standing and remain there entire life 0 Class I Based on social factors and indiv achievement I Class similar in wealth income edu occupation I Exogamous marriage two people from different social classes Love and compatibility I Endogamous marriage same social background 0 Meritocracy I Effort reward I Polluted by other social pressures never just merit alone 0 Status consistency how consistent class attributes are among a class Social Stratification and Mobility in the United States 0 We take into account IQ athletic ability appearance etc 0 Standard of living level of wealth available to certain socioeconomic class and needed to maintain lifestyle I Stratification and standard of living largely impacted by occupation 0 Social Classes in the USA I Upper middle lower I Wealth can be generational I Upper Old money more elite New money earned it and can have tendencies to act more middle or low class In uence over other people s lives I Middle In control of own lives Uppermiddle BA and post grad Lowermiddle BAAA o Supervised by upper middle class 0 Most often lose jobs when budgets are tight Lower 0 Working class I Decent custodialfood based jobs 0 Working poor I No healthcare retirement plan with job 0 Underclass I Unemployed almost no salary I Often rely on welfare 0 Social Mobility Definition Ability to change positions within social strat System Upward mobility increase in social class Earn college degree get promotion marry up Intergenerational mobility explains difference in social class between generations younger gens building off accomplishments of older Intragenerational mobility explains difference of social standing in same generation bro vs sis for example Structural mobility when a whole group of people move up or down social ladder Changes in society as a whole Some consider it a myth not common or easy 0 Class traits Markers typical behaviors norms customs that define each class Are sometimes just stereotypes Individual taste doesn t always follow class lines Global Stratification 0 Definition compares wealth econ stability status power of countries around the world Highlights worldwide patterns of social inequality Big stratification around time of Industrial Rev 0 Postow industrialized countries take advantage of traditional ones Poverty is a relative term Models of Global Stratification Rank countries by GNP gross national product First and second world countries are industrialized Third are underdeveloped More developed and less developed Less developed have less wealth to distribute among a higher population I GDP gross domestic product Average national wealth per person Measure of country s productivity and performance Includes government spending Theoretical Perspectives on Social Stratification o Functionalism I DavisMoore Thesis greater the functional importance of a social role the greater the reward Degree of skill required determines its worth Tumin pointed out this is not always the case 0 Social strat prevents some qualified people from attempting to fill some roles 0 Con ict I Social strat benefit some but not all Creates class con ict 0 Symbolic Interactionism I Built in system of social strat groups people together Attracted comfortable with what s familiar I Conspicuous consumption buying certain products to make social statement about status
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