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Study guide for Exam 3

by: Grecia Sanchez

Study guide for Exam 3 POLS 2310

Grecia Sanchez
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These study guide covers the three chapters for Exam 3: Political groups, values and goods; electoral systems and constitutional structures
Introduction to Politics
Dr. Taeko Hiroi
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Grecia Sanchez on Sunday April 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Taeko Hiroi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Politics in Political Science at University of Texas at El Paso.

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Date Created: 04/10/16
STUDY GUIDE FOR POLS EXAM 3 1. Political groups: political values and public goods Key terms:   Political actor: it is going to be the person or set of people in charge of influence the audience at a national level through policies  State: you found a state by being a political actor; this is the basic structure of legal, political, and territorial unit within the world. A political community needs to have recognition by other states, government and population, territory, and sovereignty. Goals of states  Protect and promote national interests in foreign affairs (interest of a country towards others)  “ “ public interests in domestic affairs (the interest in a community) Common Goals   Security  Prosperity At the public interest level, common goals are decided by the political leader of each community Public goods These are things which no one is excluded, the entire community is within the use of the public goods. Features of Public goods  Non­rival  Non­excludable Challenges with public goods  Common source pool problem  Tragedy of the commons  Possible solutions  Privatize goods   Intervention from higher power (government)  User association 2. Electoral Systems The major systems we are going to look at are majoritarian and proportional. They have different rules which are going to shape the outcome of the election (always).   Majoritarian system (Whoever gets more votes wins)  Majority run­off (Requirement of more than half to win)  Plurality rule (Occurs when you only have one representative of each district)  Proportional representational system (There is a proportion between seats of popular vote and seats of Senate) 3. Constitutional Structures We will see what are the fundamental constitutional features of a democratic policy, what their consequences are, and their processes. Requirements for a democratic policy  Has to have the principles of the Constitution  Different interests have to be heard  Government has to be effective   Regulative government and it has to have transparency  Constitution  Enacts the basic rules and structures of the country   May be codified or uncodified Features of constitution  Separation or fusion of powers   System of government (presidential or parliament)  Legislative branch  The legislative branch can be unicameral and bicameral.  Legislative gridlock  It consists of the inability of a system to enact law when needed  It is more likely to occur in Presidential system than in Parliament Unitary Systems  Refers to Central government   Most common in the world Federalism  Has a bicameral legislative branch  Guarantees division of power  Important for representation of regional interests Consociationalism  Representation of major ethnicity groups 


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