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A&P II Steve Cole Metabolism Study Guide

by: MohamedAddani

A&P II Steve Cole Metabolism Study Guide

Marketplace > Rochester Community and Technical College > Biology > > A P II Steve Cole Metabolism Study Guide

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Here are key concepts of Metabolism section for Exam 3
Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology
Steve Cole
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by MohamedAddani on Monday April 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Rochester Community and Technical College taught by Steve Cole in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology in Biology at Rochester Community and Technical College.


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Date Created: 04/11/16
Metabolism Study Guide Metabolism - Chemical reaction occur in body All things that can enter the body as caloric intake for energy 1- Carbohydrates 2- Lipids 3- Protein 4- Alcohol 5- Cellulose(Fiber)  Carbohydrates - Monosaccharide (fructose) (digestas a Glucose molecules - Disaccharide (Sucrose, lactose, maltose) (digestas a Glucose molecules - Polysaccharide (starch) (digestas a Glucose molecules Glucose - Very important for brain function - Must be maintain for proper brain function Glucose pathway into the body - Glucose  Capillary Small intestine Hepatic portal vein Liver When glucose get into the body, it used in this order 1- Glucose is absorbed by blood  cells  used for ATP 2- The liver will be next line  glycogen(carb-lo storage in liver + skeletal muscle 3- What left is stored as fat  lipogenesis (fat creation)  Lipids - Triglyceride  Fatty acids + glycerol - Chylomicron transport triglyceride  Protein - Protein(meat) (digest as Amino Acids When amino acids get into the body, it is used in this order 1- Blood and major function processes o Hair o Muscle o Antibodies o Enzymes o Cell membrane o Clotting factors  This is why protein is very important. Carbs and fat cannot replace and do protein function, but protein can replace and do carbs’ and fat’s function 2- Then deamination occurs - Amino acids  Glucose (Gluconeogenesis-glucose creation). - Amine (N) will be removed and become urea in urine.  Alcohol - Absorbed in stomach and small intestine - On empty stomach o It will bypass hepatic vei(no processig)(enteGeneral circulation (getting drunk easily) - On full stomach o It will go to liver (processed)  liver will perform alcohol detox - Extra alcohol will be converted to fat  Lipogenesis (fat creation) o  2-C  Lipogenesis VLDL  Cellulose (Fiber) - Indigestible by human enzymes - Which mean it comes out unchanged in Bowel Fasting - Two big hormones play important role 1- Insulin – reduces blood glucose 2- Glucagon – raises blood glucose  Both are produced by pancreas - In fasting mode, body must have energy to survive and live. 1- Glycogenolysis—Liver glycogen (breakdown & change iBlood Glucose 2- Gluconeogenesis — Amino acids & glycerol (created & changBlood Glucose 3- Lipolysis— Triglycerides  free fatty acids ATP by live and muscle 4- Ketogenesis — creation of ketones ATP by heart & brain  Ketoacidosis  Too much use of ketones for energy = decrease in pH


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